Definition of bastion in English:

bastion

noun

  • 1A projecting part of a fortification built at an angle to the line of a wall, so as to allow defensive fire in several directions.

    • ‘Leonardo lived at a time when the first artillery fortifications were appearing and the Codice Atlantico contains sketches of ingenious fortifications combining bastions, round towers, and truncated cones.’
    • ‘On the Trikuta hill above the main city square, rise the bastions of the 12 th-century fort.’
    • ‘A large area was enclosed by a defensive wall with bastions and monumental gates, and the natural sheltered harbour was extended and deepened.’
    • ‘At close intervals are semi-circular bastions with eyelets for archers to look down and shoot at the enemy.’
    • ‘The riverside walls are punctuated nevertheless by defensive bastions of which the main one controls an access from the river and numerous underground passages.’
    • ‘Today, parts of the massive, four-sided walls are still visible, together with the remains of its fortified towers, or bastions, at each of the four corners.’
    • ‘The walled cities of medieval Italy were fixed universes, bastions of defense, outlets for commerce, which had been built out of fear.’
    • ‘It was the period immediately after the siege that established the existing defence systems of Gibraltar with all its great bastions, casements and massive lines of artillery-proof walls built from clean dressed limestone.’
    • ‘The magnificent Junagarh Fort, the main attraction of the place has a 986-meter long wall with 37 bastions, a moat and two entrances.’
    • ‘The first baron had laid out an extended perimeter of earthen ramparts with angled bastions to let archers sweep the wall between them, and a deep ditch had been dug at the foot of the wall.’
    • ‘Fortresses of this era employed cleverly designed bastions and walls to defy storming by enemy troops and survive bombardment by enemy cannon.’
    • ‘A wall was built of mud brick on a limestone foundation, punctuated by projecting bastions to allow cross-firing against anyone attacking the wall.’
    • ‘The three successive walls with numerous bastions for artillery and convoluted approaches for better defense testify to a time when wars were common and imminent attack around the corner.’
    • ‘Now, the slave-built massive concrete bastions have softened and decayed under the influence of time, weather and vegetation.’
    • ‘Vestiges of the city's forum, basilica, temple, ramparts, bastions and oil mills are also well preserved.’
    • ‘Features common to them all include doubled walls and angular bastions for artillery to dominate the approach.’
    • ‘The walls had rounded angles with semicircular projecting bastions for artillery with an entrance on the south side.’
    • ‘Drunk participants are asked to make their way to the bastions on the city walls to assemble for the Carnival which gets underway at 2.00 pm.’
    • ‘The villa's distinctive pentagonal shape framed by arrowhead bastions makes it one of the most memorable monuments of the late Roman Renaissance.’
    • ‘The buildings sit like a sheltering battlement, a running bastion enclosing green space created from the earth mounds of excavated material.’
    rampart, bulwark, parapet, fortification, buttress, outwork, projection, breastwork, redoubt, barbican, stockade, palisade
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    1. 1.1A natural rock formation resembling a man-made bastion.
      • ‘He gave orders to improve defensive positions, such as the natural bastion of Santon Hill on his left.’
      • ‘Reinforcements were pouring out of the narrow opening in the natural rock bastion.’
      • ‘The mountain of Jebel Bishri forms a strategically important natural bastion on the Middle Euphrates in Syria.’
      • ‘The day after we will start to open our new route on the rock bastion’
      • ‘Yesterday, the four climbers fixed 400 meters of ropes along the rocky section above C4, until they were stopped by a rock bastion (wall) at about 8300m.’
  • 2An institution, place, or person strongly maintaining particular principles, attitudes, or activities.

    ‘cricket's last bastion of discrimination’
    • ‘The public sector has become the last bastion of comfortable retirement in Britain.’
    • ‘For some time now, firefighters have been portrayed as the last bastion of unquestioned heroism in the public psyche.’
    • ‘Such bastions of tradition have established massive diversity bureaucracies, whose sole purpose is to create race-consciousness in their students.’
    • ‘In modern societies, the media - for all their faults - are often the last bastion of liberty.’
    • ‘We are, after all, the last bastion of civilisation, are we not?’
    • ‘Parliament will always be the last bastion of this multilingual exercise.’
    • ‘Orcas may be nothing more than a display of how corporate interests are threatening even public art - the last bastion of an independent civic identity and urban artistic community.’
    • ‘As more women join the male-dominated bastion of the police service, one top female cop launches a scheme to combat sexism and strengthen female representation in the PSNI.’
    • ‘Journalists are, if you like, the last bastion of democracy and freedom.’
    • ‘In Norway it was announced that women compose only 11% of members of corporate boards of directors, those bastions of male power and privilege.’
    • ‘‘You know I believe this attitude towards heavy people is the last bastion of open discrimination in our society,’ Andante quoted her as saying.’
    • ‘In this chaos the last bastion of defence of a society is the judiciary.’
    • ‘The last bastion of domestic drudgery is about to fall thanks to the development of the world's first automatic ironing machine.’
    • ‘As well as the free exhibit there are lectures, Sunday concerts and weekly film screenings at the bastion of German cinema, the Goethe-Institut.’
    • ‘Asia's lions are protected in Gir, the last bastion of the species.’
    • ‘A jury is a bastion of commonsense against the establishment - that's why they don't like it.’
    • ‘The school was established by the Catholic Church hierarchy as a bastion of conservatism against the growing influence of liberalism and Protestantism in the region.’
    • ‘Independent documentary-making is the last bastion of free speech that we have’.’
    • ‘Neocon thought, of course, views Israel as a crucial bastion of the defense of Western values.’
    • ‘As Havergal told this newspaper in 1999, ‘I feel we are the last bastion of socialist values.’’
    stronghold, bulwark, defender, support, supporter, guard, protection, protector, defence, prop, mainstay
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Origin

Mid 16th century: from French, from Italian bastione, from bastire build.

Pronunciation:

bastion

/ˈbastɪən/