Definition of bast in English:



mass noun
  • 1Fibrous material from a plant, in particular the inner bark of a tree such as the lime, used as fibre in matting, cord, etc.

    • ‘Willow, lime and again oak trees give some of the most useful bast fibres.’
    • ‘Linen is from flax, a bast fiber taken from the stalk of the plant.’
    • ‘They are made from papyrus root, bast fiber, and banana leaves and are decorated with mud dyes in elaborate patterns.’
    • ‘Another was the lime tree whose fibrous inner bark, bast, was used for a number of purposes.’
    • ‘It wasn't unknown for the ribs for example to be lashed in place with bast fibre cords, that were soaked in pitch to preserve them.’
    rind, skin, peel, sheath, covering, outer layer, coating, casing, crust
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    1. 1.1Botany The phloem or vascular tissue of a plant.
      • ‘The phloem of some stems also contains thick-walled, elongate fiber cells which are called bast fibers.’
      • ‘The four groupings are: seed-hair fibers, leaf fibers, bast fibers, and miscellaneous fibers.’
      • ‘Ramie is also similar to linen and is a bast of plant fiber.’
      • ‘Bast fibers come from the phloem tissues of dicotyledonous plants.’
      • ‘There was a clear deficiency of bast fibre along the length of the mutant stem.’


Old English bæst; related to Dutch bast, German Bast; of unknown origin.