Definition of basidiomycete in English:

basidiomycete

noun

Botany
  • A fungus whose spores develop in basidia. They include the majority of familiar mushrooms and toadstools.

    Compare with ascomycete
    • ‘Fungal pathogens come from two main groups of fungi, the ascomycetes (rusts and smuts) and the basidiomycetes (the higher fungi - mushrooms, toadstools, and bracket fungi).’
    • ‘Both basidiomycetes and ascomycetes developed the ability to digest plant tissues early on.’
    • ‘In all such analyses, the chytrids were the deepest branch of fungi, followed by zygomycetes and then basidiomycetes and ascomycetes.’
    • ‘Most basidiomycete fungi do not undergo nuclear fusion to form diploid nuclei until just prior to meiosis.’
    • ‘Moreover, copia elements, as investigated in this study, are the most rare type of transposable elements in fungi, especially among basidiomycetes.’

Origin

Late 19th century: anglicized singular of modern Latin Basidiomycetes, from basidium (see basidium) + Greek mukētes fungi.

Pronunciation:

basidiomycete

/bəˌsɪdɪəˈmʌɪsiːt/