Main definitions of basic in English

: basic1BASIC2

basic1

adjective

  • 1Forming an essential foundation or starting point; fundamental.

    ‘certain basic rules must be obeyed’
    ‘the laying down of arms is basic to the agreement’
    • ‘Reciprocity was basic to all forms of social interaction in ancient Mediterranean society.’
    • ‘Digital imaging standardization is basic to all image decision support systems.’
    • ‘The question you have asked is basic to much of modern-day science activity.’
    • ‘This mix of a legume and grass is basic to pasture in New Zealand.’
    • ‘Access to information is basic to the democratic way of life.’
    • ‘Cheap labor and materials are basic to postwar industry and finances.’
    • ‘I take this to be basic to poetry and to art in general, though I realize that this is not true for many poets, at the moment.’
    • ‘Readers' support is no doubt very basic to the survival of any periodical.’
    • ‘Place the things that are most important and functionally basic to the site's purpose at the forefront.’
    • ‘Worship, silence and manual labour were basic to the regime of communities which later provided educational and medical services.’
    • ‘Differentiation, diversity and thus complexity are basic to the beauty of creation.’
    • ‘Throughout the day they constantly freshened their makeup and adjusted their hair ornaments, and a mirror was of course basic to these tasks.’
    • ‘It is basic to our sense of security, stability, educational success and health.’
    • ‘Principles generally accepted as basic to democracy are those of political equality and popular control of government.’
    • ‘Design and craft fulfil practical needs, but they are elevated from the absolute basic to an interactive experience.’
    • ‘A more flexible labour market is basic to our recent economic success.’
    • ‘Writing about the environment and about how science affects people is as basic to the trade as writing about money or politics.’
    • ‘He claimed that outstanding scientific collections were basic to first-rate scientific work.’
    • ‘This kind of scepticism is basic to the English political tradition, whose truths force themselves upon all governments.’
    • ‘Abundance and the variety and quality of raw ingredients have been basic to American cookery from the beginning.’
    fundamental, rudimentary, primary, principal, cardinal, chief, elementary, elemental, root
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Offering or constituting the minimum required without elaboration or luxury.
      ‘the food was good, if a bit basic’
      • ‘We will illustrate this in several conservative portfolios running from basic to fully developed.’
      • ‘The business jet also comes with a choice of interior decoration ranging from the basic to sumptuous.’
      • ‘Keep your potatoes basic to make them a beneficial part of your diet.’
      • ‘We are not talking about luxury extras, but basic programmed repairs.’
      • ‘Accommodation on safari varies from basic camping to luxury lodges and tented camps.’
      • ‘Contestants will have limited food and are only allowed to take with them two basic luxury items.’
      • ‘Forest dwelling hunter-gatherer communities are never very large, but they need a basic minimum area for subsistence.’
      • ‘Let's take a look at several different toplogies, from basic to more advanced.’
      • ‘Though we found them to be tasty enough, it would be difficult for such basic offerings to be made truly impressive.’
      • ‘The following list is a minimum basic guide as to what you will need.’
      • ‘What are the basic minimum requirements for one to set up a restaurant and do these so called restaurants meet the standards?’
      • ‘But, in general the musical tastes of the kids in Wales was basic to say the least.’
      • ‘His product has the advantage of being faster than most rivals' basic broadband offerings.’
      • ‘Shopping carts range from basic to those with more advanced options.’
      • ‘You'll find the most basic offerings are the healthiest ones as well.’
      • ‘This should lead to a form that requires families to list their basic contact information.’
      • ‘The question seems almost too basic: What constitutes successful treatment?’
      • ‘It has some really fun recipes, ranging from very basic to quite advanced.’
      • ‘I know it seems kinda basic to be writing this, I mean, we're all skiers here right?’
      • ‘Almost any operating system can meet the basic task requirements you listed.’
      lowest, bottom, starting, ground, undermost
      plain, simple, unsophisticated, straightforward, adequate, unadorned, undecorated, unornamented, without frills
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    2. 1.2 Common to or required by everyone; primary and ineradicable or inalienable.
      ‘basic human rights’
      • ‘It seems a process of alienation has taken place that has undermined common sense and basic human decency.’
      • ‘This bill shows the government's disrespect for basic human rights and established legal principles.’
      • ‘As we hear today what the year may bring forth, I think it is wise to remind ourselves of these three basic human requirements.’
      • ‘It has to do with the basic human repertoire of emotions, cognitive capabilities and even longevity of life.’
      • ‘And the shortest road to equality is to provide for everyone's basic human needs free of charge.’
      • ‘Asylum and immigration issues have at their heart the fundamental principles of basic human rights.’
      • ‘Being a week of Remembrance, we all need to observe that everyone has the basic human right to freedom of speech.’
      • ‘Leaving a small child alone at home defies basic, fundamental common sense.’
      • ‘Best of all, his choreography speaks unabashedly from and to basic human emotions.’
      • ‘Revenge is a basic human emotion, but revenge only becomes justice if carried out by the State.’
      • ‘The business is still profitable as everyone needs basic commodities regardless of price or financial standing.’
      • ‘The four fundamental interests are embodied in an authoritative code of basic human rights.’
      • ‘The meeting would help to raise awareness that everyone should enjoy the basic human right of freedom of choice in marriage, she said.’
      • ‘How many of those elements are set forth in or necessarily implied by the basic human rights instruments?’
      • ‘That philosophy is that there is a basic human right of health for everyone.’
      • ‘We treat food as a marketable commodity, instead of as a basic human necessity.’
      • ‘I agree that substantial freedoms are a vital component of basic human dignity.’
      • ‘Everyone accepts that freedom of speech is a basic human right.’
      • ‘Many constitutions require that basic rights can be curtailed only if less onerous measures are not available.’
      • ‘Literacy is both an essential skill and a basic human right.’
    3. 1.3North American derogatory, informal Having tastes, interests, or attitudes regarded as mainstream or conventional (typically used of a woman)
      ‘if your date orders vegetable tempura you know she is totally basic’
  • 2Chemistry
    Having the properties of a base, or containing a base; having a pH above 7.

    ‘these salts yield basic solutions comparable in strength with the mineral alkalis’
    Often contrasted with acidic and alkaline
    • ‘A water solution of soda ash has a basic pH and a strong alkaline taste.’
    • ‘Values between 7 and 14 are found in basic or alkaline solutions such as caustic or washing soda.’
    • ‘In the presence of a basic solution, litmus will lose hydronium ions and turn blue.’
    • ‘Blue litmus paper turns red in acidic solution, and red litmus paper turns blue in basic solution.’
    • ‘Compounds that react with water to form hydroxide ions are called basic anhydrides.’
    1. 2.1Geology (of rock, especially lava) relatively poor in silica.
      ‘a coarse-grained, basic, plutonic rock’
      • ‘The Liva Member includes parts of the formation composed of basic lavas and tuffs with only minor interbedded sediments.’
      • ‘It appears that basic magmas across the Gardar Province were derived from a heterogeneous, enriched lithospheric mantle reservoir.’
      • ‘Quarzitic gneiss, low-grade metamorphic basic rocks, phyllites and dark chert can be abundant in some layers.’
      • ‘Enstatite occurs in plutonic basic and ultrabasic rocks such as peridotite and norite, and also in some high-grade metamorphic rocks.’
      • ‘All the Gardar basic rocks are inferred to have been derived from the mantle, with relatively little crustal contamination.’
    2. 2.2Metallurgy Relating to or denoting steel-making processes involving lime-rich refractories and slags.
      • ‘I moved to the open hearth to explore the use of basic refractories-magnesite, chrome-magnesite and chrome brick-for furnace linings.’
      • ‘Refractory bricks for steel production include Basic refractory bricks and High-Alumina refractory bricks.’
      • ‘Accounting for 60% of the world's total output of crude steel, the Basic Oxygen Steelmaking (BOS) process is the dominant steelmaking technology.’
      • ‘The lining must resist high temperature, oxidized basic slag and liquid metal.’
      • ‘The refractories for casting a basic substance are used for ladles, tundishes, vacuum degasing furnaces, mixers, and the like.’

noun

basics
informal
  • 1The essential facts or principles of a subject or skill.

    ‘I learnt the basics of programming on a course’
    ‘teachers are going back to basics to encourage pupils to learn English’
    • ‘Under the program, nutrition educators taught students the basics about healthy eating.’
    • ‘I'm thinking it'll be necessary to go right back to basics.’
    • ‘Until you understand the basics of functions and algebra, the thought that a number can be predicted is a surprising one.’
    • ‘A It's all too easy sometimes to forget the healthcare basics.’
    • ‘Most Mothering readers know the basics of a healthy parent-child relationship.’
    • ‘Once you're comfortable with the tai chi basics, you can do it by yourself.’
    • ‘But once the bubble has burst they turn back to basics and begin studying exactly what companies and their profits are up to.’
    • ‘Beth ran her through the basics, softly explaining how the gun functioned.’
    • ‘More importantly though, it reminded me to get back to basics as far as parenting skills go, and dig out some of the books out of the boxes.’
    • ‘It is time to take a good hard look at our daily routines and re-learn the basics that are essential for health and longevity.’
    • ‘What really bothers me is that people seem to have an incomplete foundation in the basics of language skills.’
    • ‘Instead we should return to core food values, back to nutritional basics and revert to the heritage school dinners of old.’
    • ‘Hence, the need of the hour is a school for our youth and talented players to congregate and learn the basics and the skills of the sport.’
    • ‘By now you might have taken some of my words to heart, and so here are the basics in buying and owning a scooter’
    • ‘And surely they're old enough to learn the basics of critical thinking skills and skeptical analysis.’
    • ‘This explains why one of the basics of food hygiene is to keep raw or cold food cold, and cooked or hot food, piping hot.’
    • ‘He felt that the best way to go back to basics was to start teaching.’
    • ‘It's quite alright to start within your comfort zone to help you build confidence and get the basics down pat.’
    • ‘Players do the equivalent of tying a piece of string around their finger to remember the basics.’
    • ‘Most of the suffering due to sickness could be avoided if we knew the basics of health, exercise and nutrition.’
    fundamentals, essentials, rudiments, principles, first principles, foundations, preliminaries, groundwork
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Essential food and other supplies.
      ‘people are facing a shortage of basics like flour’
      • ‘The seniors identified a need for basics such as food, water and shelter.’
      • ‘Families crowd into tiny, ramshackle homes and scrounge for food as well as soap, paper and other basics.’
      • ‘Many people appear to be saving their spare cash after paying out more for basics such as food, transport and health.’
      • ‘Customers could still buy basics like salt, vinegar, tobacco, soap and candles.’
      • ‘Aid agencies on the ground continued to warn that millions across the region were without the basics of food and clean water.’
      • ‘When it comes down to basics it is really nothing more than an amalgam of sugar, salt, herbs, spices and vitamins with brewer's yeast.’
      • ‘These people are not even afforded the very basics of health care, like vaccines or antibiotics.’
      • ‘After surviving such an event, people need basics - food, shelter, medical care, and consolation.’
      • ‘Upon chancing a nibble, however, I felt that it could have done with a little bit more of the basics, namely salt and pepper.’
      • ‘A $24,000 income leaves no room to purchase basics such as health insurance or new clothing.’
      • ‘Grain farming became less popular - this, again, kept towns and cities short of such basics as bread.’
      • ‘Here are a few ways to make the most of your party basics without skimping on style or comfort’
      • ‘Even the animals' access to basics such as water, food and veterinary care is often severely limited.’
      • ‘On other occasions, the candidate had promised a nation where people do not have to choose between basics, such as food and medicine.’
      • ‘They are concerned with getting the basics for survival; shelter, food, water.’
      • ‘Rule one is stick to basics: Order baked or broiled meat dishes, without breading or sauces.’
      • ‘Lentils and a few spices and other basics can lead to unexpected winter delights on a budget.’
      • ‘It is not an addiction, it is simply that good cheese is as high on my list of basics for a decent life as good bread, strong coffee and leafy green salad.’
      • ‘In my shopping basket I always have vegetable basics like carrots, broccoli and spinach in a bag.’
      • ‘Restrict yourself to the basics, like a barley soup and some canned vegetables.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from base + -ic.

Pronunciation

basic

/ˈbeɪsɪk/

Main definitions of basic in English

: basic1BASIC2

BASIC2

noun

mass noun
  • A simple high-level computer programming language that uses familiar English words, designed for beginners and formerly used widely.

Origin

1960s: acronym from Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.

Pronunciation

BASIC

/ˈbeɪsɪk/