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[mass noun] A long-acting sedative and sleep-inducing drug of the barbiturate type.
- ‘Agarose gel electrophoresis was carried out in sodium barbitone buffer, 2 mM EDTA, pH 8.6, using a 1% agarose gel.’
- ‘But realising the deer had not been shot, he called a vet who confirmed it had been put down by injection and would contain phenol barbitone drugs, which are dangerous.’
- ‘Fischer produced 5.5 - diethylbarbituric acid, a hypnotic and sedative known by the trade names Barbital, Veronal, and Dorminal.’
Early 20th century: from barbituric acid + -one.
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