Definition of backwards in English:

backwards

(also backward)

adverb

  • 1(of a movement) in the direction of one's back.

    ‘Penny glanced backwards’
    ‘he took a step backwards’
    • ‘I sort of guessed something was wrong when I parked on a steep hill, put the handbrake full on and promptly rolled backwards.’
    • ‘Faith pulled Ben backwards as his movements became jerky and desperate.’
    • ‘Ushered to the sides, fans glance backwards and, catching sight of the Welsh players, clap and cheer.’
    • ‘She turned and glanced backwards, finding that the pair had stopped squabbling and were then noticing the company.’
    • ‘I nodded and left the room, with a worried glance backwards at the woman who was still sitting on the couch, looking so miserable and helpless.’
    • ‘I snarled and she took a step backwards, glancing at the naked blade in my hands.’
    • ‘The sudden movement sent me reeling backwards into a cabinet door, effectively knocking the wind out of me.’
    • ‘Ignatious began to roll his chair backwards, towards the door.’
    • ‘He rocked forwards but when he tried to regain his balance he over done the movement and fell backwards.’
    • ‘He pushed the chair backwards with his sudden movement, producing a very loud noise.’
    • ‘Irene glanced backwards and saw that there was no man there.’
    • ‘He was wearing dark clothing and had no cycle lights, and was hit by the police car as he glanced backwards.’
    • ‘Feeling there was something behind him, he glanced backwards and saw that he was being followed by a gigantic black figure.’
    • ‘I glanced backwards, even though it was impossible for anyone in the back to hear anything of what was being said.’
    • ‘Rob ran backwards towards the river, trying to beat it about the head with the remaining 18 inches of stick.’
    • ‘Devon's eyes widened in surprise at my sudden movements, and stumbled backwards when he caught me.’
    • ‘I started stepping backwards in the direction of the doors.’
    • ‘Lex shot him a glance and scampered backwards, stumbling over Clark.’
    • ‘As I rolled backwards into the warm waters I was surprised to the point of grunting in contentment.’
    • ‘It is quite hard, however, to write about the one without a nervous glance backwards at the other.’
    towards the rear, rearwards, backward, behind one
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  • 2(of an object's motion) back towards the starting point.

    ‘the tape rolled backwards’
    • ‘Suddenly, as if it had a will of its own, the ball rolled backwards, building speed.’
    • ‘His second shot landed on the green, 10 feet short, but checked and rolled backwards off the green.’
    • ‘As if in slow motion, the ball rolled backwards.’
    • ‘I was beginning to go a little cross-eyed when quite suddenly the ball was rolling backwards.’
    • ‘Did you know that if you audio tape an episode, and run the tape backwards… it makes more sense?’
    • ‘To correct for this, players can attempt to put English on the ball, making it roll backwards, forwards or to either side once it's on the ground.’
  • 3In reverse of the usual direction or order.

    ‘count backwards from twenty to ten’
    • ‘A three-digit number was presented and participants were instructed to count backwards by threes for 10 seconds.’
    • ‘So I had to resort to counting the alphabet backwards.’
    • ‘How long do you need to memorize 30 digits and then count them backwards?’
    • ‘She flung open her backpack which she put on backwards in order to look through it.’
    • ‘The driver reversed the van backwards, but there were cars behind us and we couldn't go back further.’
    • ‘The women had to do such things as recall paragraphs, name as many animals as they could in 1 minute, and count backwards.’
    • ‘He started to count backwards from today's date in his head but, with a rapid twitch of his head, forced himself to stop.’
    • ‘Hi, Emma, now I am going to put this over your nose and I need you to count backwards from twenty.’
    • ‘She threw the van into reverse and sped backwards, gaining enough distance that she could turn the big van around and flee from the scene of battle.’
    • ‘Count backwards from the date you plan to transplant to calculate seed starting date.’
    • ‘If May 15th is your target date you should count backwards on the calendar 100 days.’
    • ‘Count the hours with the water-measure until dawn, then count backwards to the time of the birth.’
    • ‘My anger management counselor told me that in time like these, I need to sit back, and calmly count backwards from ten.’
    • ‘He was going to fly the airplane backwards using reverse engine thrust!’
    • ‘Please note that in order to win, you MUST turn your baseball cap backwards determinedly while staring your opponent down.’
    • ‘He follows the Prologue with a tale told backwards, in reverse chronological order.’
    • ‘Grace sighed, silently counting backwards from ten, trying to suppress her emotions and giving herself a few moments to gather her thoughts.’
    • ‘She then wrote down the alphabet backwards, each corresponding to the first twenty six numbers.’
    • ‘It actually sounded like it was spoken backwards, so we played it in reverse.’
    • ‘The first half of the book portrays this event; so we must turn to the middle and run the leaves backwards to get the order of the procession.’
    in reverse, from the highest to lowest, in reverse order
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    1. 3.1 Towards the past.
      ‘the songs look backwards to long-ago battles’
      • ‘However, my mind tends to frequently wander backwards into the past or else goes racing off into the future.’
      • ‘A failure to follow through on their unspoken promise might well pitch Ukraine backwards into the past from which it is emerging.’
      • ‘The real progression of the movie is a progression backwards, further and further into the past.’
      • ‘How easy of a relationship will that be, especially since Venus is now turning backwards, looking at her past mistakes, misadventures and memories?’
      • ‘They looked backwards to a classical past rather than biblical precedent to provide new political ideologies with intellectual credibility and authority.’
      • ‘It's not that you're going backwards in time, it's that you visit the past.’
      • ‘The other two look backwards over porn's not so illustrious past.’
      • ‘We can travel north or south, east and west, but we can only go forwards in time to the future, not backwards in time to the past.’
      • ‘Speech after speech, motion after motion looks backwards to the 50s when patients and politicians knew their place; and doctors were men.’
      • ‘More importantly, both songs look backwards to long-ago battles.’
      • ‘Moving backwards to the past, she was a graduate at 21 and a signed-up R&B star at 22.’
      • ‘It enables us to move backwards, to view the past through a certain shade of tinted glasses.’
      • ‘The quest for an origin leads us forever backwards into the past.’
      • ‘On the one hand, we are driven outwards and onwards into the future; on the other, we are pulled inwards and backwards to the past.’
      • ‘Life is not supposed to go backwards and suck you back into the past because there is where you will find how they became who they were and you will fall more in love.’
      • ‘The story takes an unexpected turn when it suddenly speeds backwards in time, reversing all the images just seen and landing back at the beginning.’
      • ‘This means that individuals often look backwards to their origins in order to find themselves, rather than to their own lives and activities.’
      • ‘So if we think on that time scale, if we think as far ahead as geologists are accustomed to think backwards into the past, then it's not crazy.’
      • ‘Looking at the world of children is not looking backwards at our own pasts - it's looking ahead.’
    2. 3.2 Towards or into a worse state.
      ‘a step backwards for the economy’
      • ‘Here we have the Government taking a huge step backwards towards compulsory trade unionism.’
      • ‘That is at the lineout, which has been a vital phase of play in the past two matches and remains the only area where Scotland have arguably gone backwards in the past year.’
      • ‘Ultimately they tune out, and the social justice movement takes another step backwards.’
      • ‘Rather than expanding services to cater for its population explosion, the town has taken a major step backwards over the past thirty years.’
      • ‘With the advent of the left, state intervention in the economy took a step backwards.’
      • ‘In summary, we believe that this bill takes a few steps forward in the right direction, but it also takes a few steps backwards.’
      • ‘If we have to take a step backwards in order to take two steps forward, then so be it.’
      • ‘We're seeing a majority of Torontonians slide backwards economically and into despair.’
      • ‘Productivity's been going backwards in Australia for the past year.’
      • ‘So, if to make the world a better place for all, the entire world must take a massive leap backwards, is that not potentially far worse?’
      • ‘It would be a step backwards, and he rarely takes a step backwards without having one or two forward movements up his sleeve.’
      • ‘It is not just that there will be no progress on reform on which to report next month; it is that the euro zone and its largest economy have gone backwards.’
      • ‘Now looking at the performance of the Indian side over the past two games, we seem to have gone backwards instead of rectifying the mistakes of the World Cup.’
      • ‘The ACCI stated that Labor's policy could send the Australian economy backwards and compromise economic development.’
      • ‘Other indicators show the region slipping backwards both economically and socially.’
      • ‘The truth is that free trade is taking our economy and society backwards.’
      • ‘Productivity rates have gone backwards over the past year.’
      • ‘The dangers of moving backwards are clear for an administration fixated with past mistakes.’
      • ‘Huge areas of the world have gone backwards in social and economic terms in the last few decades.’
      deteriorate, decline, degenerate, worsen, get worse
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Phrases

  • backwards and forwards

    • In both directions alternately; to and fro.

      ‘he paced backwards and forwards nervously’
      • ‘I walked backwards and forwards in front of them repeatedly as though someone were pressing the rewind button on a video machine, but to no avail.’
      • ‘We spent the night on a big wooden yacht cruising backwards and forwards along the river, eating good food and cooing over the illuminated sights.’
      • ‘Players go backwards and forwards, alternating the target box in the same manner as for quoits or bowls.’
      • ‘Get rid of the dull ninety minutes of running backwards and forwards on the field, and just go straight to the penalty shoot-out.’
      • ‘They were flying backwards and forwards across the same spot; I was having to dodge the bees rather than the bees detouring round me.’
      • ‘‘The wings were going backwards and forwards like it was trying to balance itself,’ she said.’
      • ‘Sonny is the one that keeps me company by prowling backwards and forwards across my desk - constantly, over and over again.’
      • ‘She paces backwards and forwards, at one end of the platform, muttering quietly to herself, gesticulating with quick fingers.’
      • ‘There is little scope for skipping backwards and forwards, or referencing particular sections of the work when using an audiobook.’
      • ‘She hears children going backwards and forwards past her house all the time, sometimes screaming and shouting as children do.’
  • bend (or fall or lean) over backwards

    • informal Make every effort to achieve something, especially to be fair or helpful.

      ‘we have bent over backwards to ensure a fair trial for the defendants’
      • ‘And I just want to say that I have bent over backwards to be fair to minority interests.’
      • ‘But I draw the line at being so accommodating and respectful of the views of others that we lean over backwards so far that we fall over.’
      • ‘It's little wonder governments are bending over backwards in a desperate attempt to create a ‘business-friendly environment’.’
      • ‘The council should be falling over backwards to work with the Civil Service Sports Council to bring this £7 million development to York.’
      • ‘You know we bend over backwards in work to be helpful and polite to people.’
      • ‘And I think this judge bent over backwards to ensure a fair trial and a verdict that would not be reversed on appeal.’
      • ‘That is what the government is demanding firefighters accept after their union has bent over backwards to seek compromise over their pay claim.’
      • ‘Now they have discovered, after bending over backwards with effort and capital, the market had diminished alarmingly.’
      • ‘To be fair, my dad always bent over backwards for us to fit in, but not lose a sense of who we are.’
      • ‘The military are falling over backwards to help.’
      try, attempt, venture, undertake, aspire, aim, seek, set out
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  • know something backwards

    • Be entirely familiar with something.

      ‘Luke knew the play backwards’
      • ‘Carrie has completed the course before and knows the horse backwards.’
      • ‘They are increasingly fashionable, articulate, urban and upper class, even as they know their constituencies backwards.’
      • ‘There are 98 pages in this report and I know it backwards.’
      • ‘They don't feel threatened, and of course he knows the stuff backwards so it's a great asset.’
      • ‘We gave them live gigs, demos, everything we had, and they came back knowing his stuff backwards.’
      • ‘And because she knows the script backwards, I'll sometimes ask her what she thinks sounds better.’
      • ‘There aren't many people who know their way backwards through a computer manual.’
      • ‘He had surveyed the grounds and knew the aerials backwards.’
      • ‘And for those who don't already know it backwards, 3,000 balloons will be at the ready, printed with lyrics.’
      • ‘I wouldn't quibble with that; he knows tactics backwards, he imposes them on his team; he taught them to stop Chelsea and Milan outplaying them with superior talents.’
      acquire a knowledge of, gain an understanding of, acquire skill in, become competent in, become proficient in, grasp, master, take in, absorb, assimilate, pick up, digest, familiarize oneself with
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Pronunciation

backwards

/ˈbakwədz/