Definition of backward in English:

backward

adjective

  • 1Directed behind or to the rear.

    ‘she left the room without a backward glance’
    • ‘After about 3 weeks Mercury ceases its backward movement and, on reversing its direction again, once more slows down and appears to halt before moving back in a direct motion.’
    • ‘The real giveaway is the female's hidden pouch, albeit backward opening, for rearing its young.’
    • ‘The fur naps to the rear, thus sliding forward and resisting backward movement.’
    • ‘Many believe it's simply a matter of walking out, and slamming the door without a backward glance.’
    • ‘Then off they go, with barely a backward glance, never to return.’
    • ‘The moment the interview finished, Cameron marched briskly away to his next appointment, with not even a backward glance at his rival.’
    • ‘A dogfight was not exactly what he signed up for when he put his famous name to a two-year contract in the summer but he has adjusted his sights accordingly and has no time for any backward glances.’
    • ‘Few successful players can omit the backward movement.’
    • ‘The book gives us a backward glance of Ballaghaderreen; it is the touching for a moment of the familiar places of the town.’
    • ‘We are shown images of bees, signifying the backward movement of trying to escape one's destiny.’
    • ‘Alvin slapped the door shut behind him with a backward scrape of his heel, to muffle the shouting from the neighbors, and sidled along the wall away from her.’
    • ‘Hazarding a backward glance since her escape, Andrea forced a bit more speed into her getaway when she realised that he was catching up with her.’
    • ‘The skies have not fallen, constitutions remain intact, the franc and the mark have passed unmourned into history and euroland has carried on about its business with scarcely a backward glance.’
    • ‘He took it and disappeared without a backward glance.’
    • ‘This backward movement shortens (and thus reduces the tension of) the spring, permitting the box once again to ride the belt.’
    • ‘The other three boys left without a backward glance and I attempted to do the same but as we arrived at the edge of the woods, I looked quickly over to where we had left Gregory.’
    • ‘Consider practicing lateral and backward movements while drawing smoothly and shooting quickly yet carefully from full concealment.’
    • ‘Without a backward glance, she closed the French doors and unhooked the sash that held the heavy drapes that covered the white lace sheers.’
    • ‘This latest backward glance is more lonely lunchtime housewife than supper-club romance or hell-of-a-day blues.’
    • ‘What normal twenty-year old rushed home straight after classes, without a backward glance?’
    1. 1.1Reverting to an inferior state; retrograde.
      ‘the decision was a backward step’
      • ‘Its bad enough as it is, we don't need to be taking any backward steps.’
      • ‘I have been steadily taking backward steps in my gaming.’
      • ‘It's not my kind of place at all - plus it would feel somewhat like a backward step, a retrograde manoeuvre, a return to a place of history.’
      • ‘It was a bit of a backward step for us after some decent performances and we will have to lift our game again for the next matches.’
      • ‘‘It was not a backward step,’ said the veteran, quite vehemently.’
      • ‘‘At a time when business de-rating has ended, it's a backward step to see the promotion of Orange halls in this way’.’
      • ‘Given this trend, it is a backward step to talk about ‘producing’ children who could never have an experience of living with both their birth parents.’
      • ‘He could, as he acknowledges, step into the breach in an emergency, but adds: ‘It would be a backward step for the manager to bring me in.’’
      • ‘He has never flinched, never buckled, never taken a backward step in defending the rights of our editors and journalists to find the news and report it in a fair and balanced way.’
      • ‘I do not want to see Scotland taking a backward step.’
      • ‘The general consensus seems to be that a return to a full winter season would be a backward step - and not just because of the impracticalities.’
      • ‘No excuses, no backward steps, just aggression and dynamism and a lot of honesty, qualities that have finally given him a secure hold on Ireland's No.1 jersey.’
      • ‘There is absolutely no excuse or justification for such a backward and undemocratic step being taken.’
      • ‘A lot of good work has been done but this is a backward step.’
      • ‘It was a backward step for women and for civil rights generally.’
      • ‘This is a major backward step for the future and for energy generally.’
      • ‘He added that the county's economy was growing at six per cent and a three per cent increase was a backward step.’
      • ‘Tinkering with criminal law is a backward step in countering the deep cultural realities of homophobia, racism, sexism.’
      • ‘Which is not to say that the album is a backward step.’
      • ‘Downsizing may seem like a backward step but if, at the end of the year, the reduced enterprise has rid itself of debt and put itself into a profitable position, it will have been the right move.’
  • 2Having made less progress than is normal or expected.

    ‘a backward agricultural country’
    • ‘A progressive president and a backward parliament rarely go well together.’
    • ‘His volunteers used to visit each and every house to collect rice and other things just to give solace to the economically and socially backward persons.’
    • ‘The first one suggests that the backward economies can make rapid progress by imitating the leaders.’
    • ‘So higher education is denied to the economically backward students.’
    • ‘Rural poverty and backward agriculture will have to be tackled with, among other things, irrigation, power, communications and education.’
    • ‘The programme stands out from the usual Government programmes of supporting the educational needs of the socially backward students by its very approach.’
    • ‘As part of its social service, the college has decided to induct 15 students from economically backward families and impart free education to them from this year.’
    • ‘Life Institute of Technical Education is an advanced technical institute for physically challenged and economically backward persons.’
    • ‘For example, you have in Mexico, poor people who are agriculturally backward.’
    • ‘Given the extremely backward state of Polish agriculture, its small farming businesses are expected to die like flies.’
    • ‘Yet they remain educationally backward and are economically lagging far behind the others.’
    • ‘Let all those who plundered money in the name of running banks give loans to those economically backward people.’
    • ‘Hailing from economically backward families, a steady source of income has immensely boosted the confidence levels of these women.’
    • ‘They are educationally backward so they cannot afford higher professional education, which is growing more and more costly.’
    • ‘I would like to bring to your kind notice the fact that in spite of being industrially backward, it has always been a great center of learning.’
    • ‘The Scandinavian monarchies were transformed from poor and rather backward societies into prosperous agricultural democracies.’
    • ‘Chess is renowned for producing eccentric and socially backward individuals.’
    • ‘Club members say that many of the children from the economically backward families were registered with the club.’
    • ‘It has often been seen that the people when they are economically backward, tend to lean on irrational habits and rituals to find some relief or an easy way out.’
    • ‘Can we say she is ideologically backward or that she has backtracked to the status of household slave?’
    underdeveloped, undeveloped, unsophisticated
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1offensive, dated (of a person) having learning difficulties.
      ‘a lively child but a bit backward’
  • 3[with negative] Lacking the confidence to do (something)

    ‘he was not backward in displaying his talents’
    • ‘With this debut album arriving in her 50th year, you could say she has been a little backward in coming forward as a singer.’
    • ‘It appears to be a little backward in coming forward on this one.’
    • ‘It is your money, so never be backward in coming forward to ask for it.’
    • ‘Often I'd look at some other members and think you're not shy, you're not backward in the same way I am, some of you hardly ever shut up.’
    • ‘He also isn't backward in backing his young charge for stardom - but there will be no sudden move into the pro ranks if gold is banked this week.’
    • ‘She was possessed with a strong sense of social justice and was never backward in speaking out on important issues.’
    • ‘And you were not backward in telling the truth about that third person.’
    • ‘And, unlike previous announcements, he wasn't backward in providing the evidence.’
    • ‘The officials have not been backward in promoting their environmental credentials.’
    • ‘Certainly, the company is not backward in coming forward.’
    • ‘The company supports these bands all year round and logically they aren't backward in coming forward on the day they can return the favour.’
    • ‘Never being backward in coming forward, we invited along a few friends to find out for ourselves what this was all about with a carefully planned taste test, at least to begin with.’
    • ‘When it wins or finishes second in all people, it's not backward in boasting of that fact!’
    • ‘If she punched you in the shoulder, it hurt - and she wasn't backward in coming forward.’
    • ‘But then the Danish toy company is never backward in coming forward in defence of its trademark rights.’
    • ‘But he is not backward in suggesting Liberal and Labor are hopeless.’
    • ‘But since John split with his long-term girlfriend he's not exactly being backward in coming forward.’
    • ‘Congressmen do not seem backward in proposing amendments; but they are backward in supporting amendments.’
    • ‘Why were you so backward in joining them?’
    • ‘You're not exactly backward in coming forward, are you?’
    reticent about, hesitant about, reluctant to, unwilling to, afraid to, loath to, averse to
    View synonyms
  • 4Cricket
    (of a fielding position) behind an imaginary line passing through the stumps at the batsman's end at right angles to the wicket.

    ‘backward square leg’
    • ‘This time the top-edge required a brilliant athletic catch from Akmal, as he sprinted from behind the stumps to a backward square-leg position.’
    • ‘Time after time he rocked on to the back foot to send the ball whistling through mid wicket and backward point.’

adverb

Usage

In most adverbial uses backward and backwards are interchangeable: the car rolled slowly backward and the car rolled slowly backwards are both equally acceptable. In North American English backward tends to be preferred to backwards, while in British English it is the other way round. As an adjective, on the other hand, the standard form is backward rather than backwards: uses such as a backwards glance (as opposed to a backward glance) are unusual

Origin

Middle English: from earlier abackward, from aback.

Pronunciation:

backward

/ˈbakwəd/