Definition of azimuth in English:



  • 1The direction of a celestial object from the observer, expressed as the angular distance from the north or south point of the horizon to the point at which a vertical circle passing through the object intersects the horizon.

    • ‘However, the clusters involved neighboring tree crowns that were progressively shorter in height in directions opposite the solar azimuth.’
    • ‘The distance r is independent of the distant galaxy's azimuth around the axis of displacement.’
    • ‘At the beginning of August it will rise in the east at 10 p.m. and reach its azimuth at about 3 a.m.’
    • ‘The relative aspect is defined as the subject's aspect minus the solar azimuth.’
    • ‘They eclipsed the sun and filled the sky to the azimuth.’
    1. 1.1 The horizontal angle or direction of a compass bearing.
      • ‘Nash's team used its global-positioning - satellite receiver to establish its position, and then through the brownish haze, team members plotted the azimuth and direction to a far-off enemy bunker.’
      • ‘As each shot was made - with the same camera, lens, and film type - I also noted the date and time and used a compass to find the direction in azimuth that the camera was pointing at the time the photo was taken.’
      • ‘Nest orientation was then recorded, relative to magnetic north, as the azimuth bisecting the nest opening.’
      • ‘Aircraft traffic was observed moving in the same general direction during the night, but generally at a much higher azimuth from the observers' position.’
      • ‘This CEALETI-patented technology produces poles on each head with alignment and integrated azimuth angle.’


Late Middle English (denoting the arc of a celestial circle from the zenith to the horizon): from Old French azimut, from Arabic as-samt, from al ‘the’ + samt ‘way, direction’.