Definition of Azerbaijan in English:


proper noun

  • A country in the Caucasus of south-western Asia, on the western shore of the Caspian Sea; population 9,800,000 (estimated 2015); languages, Azerbaijani (official), Russian; capital, Baku.

Historically, the name Azerbaijan referred to a larger region which formed part of Persia. The northern part of this was ceded to Russia in the early 19th century, the southern part remaining a region of NW Iran. Russian Azerbaijan was absorbed into the Soviet Union in 1922, gaining independence on the break-up of the USSR in 1991