Definition of axial in English:



  • 1Relating to or forming an axis.

    ‘the main axial road’
    • ‘The pygidium is complete and has a short axis that has a well-defined axial ring.’
    • ‘The jury box is placed on the side, purposely divorced from the axial relationship of judge, counsel, and public.’
    • ‘Although the annulus contains the highpressure nucleus, it is able to withstand some axial compression directly itself.’
    • ‘The vertebrate axial skeleton is much more than a series of vertebrae coupled with the connecting intervertebral disc tissues.’
    • ‘Members of this group are also unusual among bacteria for the arrangement of axial filaments, which are otherwise similar to bacterial flagella.’
    • ‘However, the primary axis of cnidarians lacks the degree of axial differentiation found in vertebrates or insects.’
    • ‘Thus, we were able to identify the bud scars in four of the suppressors, and they all showed the normal axial distribution in haploid cells.’
    • ‘The protoconch is paucispiral or multispiral, and is smooth except for a few axial riblets near the junction with the teleoconch.’
    • ‘They are enclosed within typical porphyritic granite, which has a gently dipping compositional layering that is parallel to the axial planes of the eye structures.’
    • ‘Given the terrestrial intermediates in the evolution of cetaceans, this is a remarkable case of convergence in axial systems.’
    • ‘However, it has been demonstrated that the rate of ontogenetic loss of axial nodes relative to size was higher in N. geniculatus.’
    • ‘The taeniae coli are three longitudinal, or axial, strips of muscles distributed around the circumference of the colon.’
    • ‘The major septa of most species almost reach to the corallite axis, leaving a variably wide axial space free.’
    • ‘Alternatively, changes in tilt or roll angles may change the direction of the helix axis, giving rise to axial flexibility.’
    • ‘In other words keep railways where they belong: on axial routes in large, densely-populated cities.’
    • ‘Smc3, a component of cohesin, was previously found to be on axial elements that form the SC.’
    • ‘Somites differentiate into particular axial structures depending on their position along the antero-posterior axis.’
    • ‘An axial planting of coral trees, for instance, was employed not to obscure, but to project and accentuate the building's profile.’
    • ‘Eurasia is the globe's largest continent and is geopolitically axial.’
    • ‘These folds are usually complicated by parasitic folds and arc characterized by north-dipping axial planes and near-horizontal hinge lines.’
    1. 1.1 Around an axis.
      ‘the axial rotation rate of the Earth’
      • ‘This is likely to greatly reduce flapping and may completely prevent axial rotation of the Fab fragments.’
      • ‘He believed that the apparent rotation of the heavens was due to the axial rotation of the Earth.’
      • ‘The unit controls balloon axial movement and rotation with respect to the laser beam.’
      • ‘The angular momentum lost by the Earth's axial rotation appears in the lunar orbit, the total angular momentum being conserved.’
      • ‘This is also consistent with our result that the peptide no longer has axial rotation about the bilayer normal.’
      • ‘Again a concave action is required, but it is coupled with an axial rotation of the spine.’
      • ‘In a preferred embodiment, the axis of axial pivoting is the axis of pronation of a foot while running in the shoe.’
      • ‘He thought the key to the event had been the arrival of Venus by axial rotation to the opposition of Saturn.’