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1A member of a nomadic equestrian people from central Asia who built up a large kingdom in SE Europe from the 6th century but were conquered by Charlemagne (791–9).
- ‘In this book he covers an admirable range of peoples on the move, from the Celts around 500 BC to the nomadic Avars and Bulgars in eastern Europe in the 7th century AD.’
- ‘In the third century A.D., Asiatic Huns replaced the Goths and were in turn conquered by Turkic Avars in the sixth century.’
- ‘Friendly terms were maintained, however, and together they made war against the common enemy, the Avars, conquered them and finally established their own state.’
- ‘Moravians, Bulgars, Croato-Serbians, and Poles all sought to overthrow the Avars, but their power was not broken until Charlemagne appeared.’
- ‘They arrived on the wide plains of Hungary in 895 where they were joined by what was left of the Avars, whom Charlemagne had crushed.’
2A member of a pastoral people of Dagestan in Russia, of uncertain relationship to the ancient Avars.
- ‘Many Avars have already volunteered to fight on the federal army's side.’
- ‘Avars or Caucasian Avars are a modern people of Caucasus, mainly of Dagestan, in which they are the predominant group.’
- ‘But its high point was reached under Imam Shamil, a Dagestani Avar (the Avars are the largest national group in Dagestan).’
3mass noun The North Caucasian language of the modern Avars.
- ‘Avar is a written language of Dagestan, which has somewhat more than half a million speakers.’
- ‘The Botlikhs have no written language and they use the Avar written language.’
- ‘The Hunzib have no literary language of their own and in writing they also use the Avar language.’
Relating to the Avars or their language.
- ‘As an example, she cites a sermon delivered by Theodore Synkellos in 627 to commemorate the anniversary of the lifting of the Avar siege of Constantinople the previous year.’
- ‘When he seized the Avar treasury, it created an influx of new money to the Western economy.’
- ‘The Avar empire, which had dominated central Europe from its heartland in the middle Danube since the 6th century, was destroyed in a series of campaigns between 793 and 796.’
- ‘The Slavs defended the north-western border to the Carpathians against frequent attacks by the Avar tribes.’
- ‘In 791, Charles met virtually the entire Avar nation in battle and so thoroughly defeated them that they virtually disappeared as a tribe.’
The name in Avar.
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