Definition of autonomous in English:

autonomous

adjective

  • 1(of a country or region) having the freedom to govern itself or control its own affairs.

    ‘the federation included sixteen autonomous republics’
    • ‘The autonomous region is now in the next stage of a grindingly long battle between tradition and modernity.’
    • ‘But those elections may not prevent the country effectively dividing into three autonomous regions.’
    • ‘The process was designed, in Stalin's words, to produce republics and autonomous regions that were national in form, but socialist in content.’
    • ‘Farmers held protests last week in 11 of the country's autonomous regions, calling for compensation.’
    • ‘There is no autonomous indigenous community, independent of the state.’
    • ‘They have established an alternative system of government with autonomous regions, and district and village level authorities.’
    • ‘There were seventeen of them - one minister from each of the seventeen autonomous regions.’
    • ‘The Aland Islands are a self-governing autonomous part of Finland.’
    • ‘The arid land of this autonomous republic supports a nomadic lifestyle.’
    • ‘It resembles more a treaty between separate autonomous nation states than a real binding constitution for a single European state.’
    • ‘By contrast the perspective of creating a separate state or an autonomous region was geared to the requirements of the elite.’
    • ‘Soon it was in conflict with an autonomous republic in its territory, which it wanted to retain.’
    • ‘The country is divided into twenty-three provinces, five autonomous regions, and four municipalities.’
    • ‘Federalism is a trickier concept in the European context because the Member States are not political subdivisions of the Union, but rather sovereign and autonomous entities.’
    • ‘The Spanish government designated it as an autonomous region in 1985.’
    • ‘The State Council has stipulated that each province, municipality and autonomous region must report on traffic safety every quarter.’
    1. 1.1 Having the freedom to act independently.
      ‘school governors are legally autonomous’
      • ‘It is an independent inquiry run by an autonomous team.’
      • ‘He says that those organization do not have a tradition of operating as independent, autonomous entities.’
      • ‘The legislators must be made independent and autonomous.’
      • ‘The government should not force us to act in our own best interests but leave us free to make autonomous decisions about how to live our lives, with all the risks that involves.’
      • ‘In a patriarchal society men fear independent autonomous women.’
      • ‘This crisis has proved that high income is not synonymous with a civic society that is independent and autonomous.’
      • ‘An autonomous, independent press is still the most powerful bulwark of democracy.’
      • ‘Since independence, a new autonomous legal system has been developing.’
      • ‘I just want to be alone, autonomous, independent, you know what I mean?’
      • ‘I believe that a woman's right to choose gets to the very heart of what it means to be an autonomous, free human being.’
      • ‘The establishment of the University as an autonomous statutory body independent of Government is supported by many provisions in the University Act.’
      • ‘Will she need a smaller, more supportive environment or is she autonomous and independent enough to thrive on a big campus?’
      • ‘They are one of the most autonomous and independent of animals, which is why you don't find a wolf act at the circus.’
      • ‘This is quite different from the traditional way in which children grow, become independent and autonomous.’
      • ‘There is no formal independence because the Central Bank is not formally autonomous, but there is a practical independence.’
      • ‘It is an autonomous independent body and received its official recognition early in its existence, in 1958.’
      • ‘The academics claim pupils who had been spoon-fed at independent schools were less able to cope with autonomous learning.’
      • ‘We think that we determine our own fates, that we are free and autonomous individuals, when in fact we live in bubbles whose preconditions would scare us if we knew just how numerous they are.’
      • ‘The growth of independence is surely a part of becoming autonomous during adolescence, but autonomy means more than behaving independently.’
      • ‘Buffon was among the first to create an autonomous science, free of any theological influence.’
      • ‘These things are now being used as AUVs, autonomous underwater vehicles.’
      • ‘Yet the autonomous individual, gloriously independent in his decisionmaking, can easily seem to be a fantasy.’
      self-governing, independent, sovereign, free, self-ruling, self-determining, autarchic
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Denoting or performed by a device capable of operating without direct human control.
      ‘autonomous underwater vehicles’
      ‘the spread of autonomous robotic weaponry’
      ‘tests indicate that autonomous driving will cut fuel consumption by up to five per cent’
  • 2(in Kantian moral philosophy) acting in accordance with one's moral duty rather than one's desires.

    Compare with heteronomous
    • ‘If there is any scope for the will, Vernant notes, it is certainly not autonomous will in the Kantian sense, but a will bound by fear of divine powers, if not actually coerced by them.’
    • ‘Kant now develops his conception of the autonomous agent.’
    • ‘The obscurities of agent-causation are enough to prevent most philosophers from embracing this conception of autonomous agency.’
    • ‘The human subject, conceived as a unitary self capable of autonomous action and meaningful moral judgement, is one such fiction with which we have deceived ourselves.’
    • ‘If conforming documents are presented, the bank owes an autonomous duty to the beneficiary to make payment to it at the place designated for payment.’
    • ‘Being free but not autonomous is a condition Kant called heteronomous.’

Origin

Early 19th century: from Greek autonomos ‘having its own laws’ + -ous.

Pronunciation

autonomous

/ɔːˈtɒnəməs/