Definition of austere in English:

austere

Pronunciation /ɔːˈstɪə//ɒˈstɪə/

adjective

  • 1Severe or strict in manner or attitude.

    ‘he was an austere man, with a rigidly puritanical outlook’
    • ‘He seems a somewhat austere and unsympathetic figure and his verses today seem dull and obscure, in translation at least.’
    • ‘He is very reserved and austere, just as you would imagine a grand old man of ancient times to be.’
    • ‘The last thing I could remember is the physician giving me an anesthetic shot and Matik's austere expression.’
    • ‘He looks and sounds every inch the austere, reserved and respected university lecturer that he once was.’
    • ‘His cold manner, dogmatic socialism, and austere disposition did not endear him to everyone, least of all to Churchill, but he had a brilliant brain, and was too valuable to lose.’
    • ‘He is not magnetic but on the contrary cold and austere.’
    • ‘He comes over as a rather serious, studious and austere man, but there is clearly another side to him.’
    • ‘Cookie, realizing exactly how her words must have sounded, cracked a smile as well, softening her austere expression somewhat.’
    • ‘He is seen, with some justification, as a cold, austere writer, one who belongs to a line that includes Thomas Mann and Samuel Beckett rather than more marketable writers.’
    • ‘But I must warn you, once we get past the hallway and into the room, the occupants are rather strict and austere.’
    • ‘Ishmael was struck by the man's austere expression.’
    • ‘His spokesman says the king is a reserved, austere man.’
    • ‘Obvious concern was etched on her face, making it loose its austere quality.’
    • ‘Yes, well, it's almost a transformation of these serious and austere people.’
    • ‘He was austere, dour, kind, and hard working.’
    • ‘Peter expected high standards, but his sometimes austere manner veiled a deep concern for people and an insight into the human condition.’
    • ‘He was faulted for refusing to delegate and for favouring incompetent friends, while his austere and overbearing manner led to clashes with state governors and military commanders.’
    • ‘Reflects Meyers: ‘Orwell's austere, dour, spartan and ascetic character as well as his tall, gangly figure was more Scottish than English.’’
    • ‘An austere and formal man, his affection for his wife and seven living children was minimal.’
    • ‘He was gifted with a great sense of humour, and it was unsuspected by those who did not know him really well because of his austere appearance.’
    severe, stern, strict, harsh, unfeeling, stony, steely, flinty, dour, grim, cold, frosty, frigid, icy, chilly, unemotional, unfriendly, formal, stiff, stuffy, reserved, remote, distant, aloof, forbidding, mean-looking, grave, solemn, serious, unsmiling, unsympathetic, unforgiving, uncharitable
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    1. 1.1 (of living conditions or a way of life) having no comforts or luxuries.
      ‘conditions in the prison could hardly be more austere’
      • ‘Living conditions, austere at best, included leased warehouses not designed as living quarters or office space.’
      • ‘The conditions are austere: one book for ten children, a tiny blackboard and a roof with holes.’
      • ‘Everyone likes the warm and comforting feel of the garden - it is not austere.’
      • ‘I have lived and worked in austere conditions, lifted and carried heavy equipment and never hesitated to assist in the effort to help the enemy die for their country.’
      • ‘The space itself is minimally arranged: it is clinical, but not austere - a type of investigation room.’
      • ‘During her month in the 1950s, Hina had to endure strict discipline, austere meals, outdoor swimming and incessant tests.’
      • ‘On the other hand William was totally unpretentious and extremely austere in his living arrangements.’
      • ‘Justinian led an austere life, working hard for long hours and expecting the same of subordinates.’
      • ‘The squadron face austere conditions in the desert, living under canvas.’
      • ‘Though he decided against monastic life, he found the austere lifestyle an important model.’
      • ‘Discipline will be strict, meals will be austere and she will be allowed to write to her family only once a week.’
      • ‘Thank you for publicizing the hard work our Air Force professionals accomplish in such austere conditions.’
      • ‘As well, the austere lifestyle chosen by King Ferdinand and his lords could be the medieval equivalent of today's self-improvement craze.’
      • ‘But what tempts these youngsters to leave the security of home and lucrative jobs for an austere lifestyle of development work in India?’
      • ‘Creatures that occupy the Sonoran Desert have evolved over time to survive under notoriously austere conditions.’
      • ‘They were the toilers and savers of the economic miracle generation who forswore luxuries in the austere postwar decades to reserve their place in the sun towards the end of their lives.’
      • ‘Hard-edged surfaces can make bathrooms seem cold and austere.’
      • ‘A drab, austere society had suddenly been plunged into a more competitive, glamorized world in the 1970s and 1980s.’
      • ‘Combining a depressing ending and austere realism with an idealistic, descriptive story is one of Hemingway's particulars of style.’
      • ‘‘He was taken away from his mother and brought up in a cold, austere home with little affection or comfort,’ Cynthia writes.’
      strict, self-denying, self-abnegating, moderate, temperate, sober, simple, frugal, spartan, restrained, self-restrained, self-disciplined, non-indulgent, ascetic, puritanical, self-sacrificing, hair-shirt, abstemious, abstinent, celibate, chaste, continent
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    2. 1.2 Having a plain and unadorned appearance.
      ‘the cathedral is impressive in its austere simplicity’
      • ‘Bresson developed an austere formalist style that placed him in a pivotal role in the development of modern cinema.’
      • ‘There was no simple retreat from austere aristocratic classicism to bourgeois romanticism.’
      • ‘He has purchased a wide range of artwork, including colorful, cartoonish prints and wild abstracts framed in austere black mouldings.’
      • ‘The interior is breathtakingly austere in appearance; simple but effective use of lighting creates the appropriate atmosphere.’
      • ‘It was a gorgeous, awe-inspiring piece of modern machinery - almost Zen-like in its shining simplicity and austere precision.’
      • ‘All of this is presented in a style that is both austere and beautiful - plain as can be, yet suffused with an appreciation for artifice as a way of survival.’
      • ‘These pieces are austere and unadorned in a way that I'd associate with Shaker simplicity and grace.’
      • ‘Like much of the liturgical music of the Orthodox tradition, Tavener's music is intentionally simple and even austere.’
      • ‘Presentation is austere: the hardback, which is matt black with silvered lettering, has no dust jacket, no tables, and no illustrations.’
      • ‘Here is something designed to be functional and austere.’
      • ‘He is the most rigorous, spare, austere of film-makers.’
      • ‘Harris's influence, however, isn't apparent in the serious, austere and occasionally beautiful music on this disk.’
      • ‘The cathedral, which must have been brilliantly decorated when it was a Catholic place of worship, is very austere in the Reformist manner.’
      • ‘On a technical level, the look of the film is deceptively simple and austere.’
      • ‘She had no formal training but developed a rigorous, austere style, counter-pointed by a sensuous use of color, which she maintained for many decades.’
      • ‘The compound loomed in front of him, the cement walls austere and forbidding.’
      • ‘It forcibly reduces this complexity and diversity to an austere homogenous simplicity.’
      • ‘At the moment I am considering making my website very austere and plain… you know, seeing that the prints themselves have enough to say without having to compete with the graphics, or something.’
      • ‘Church buildings and worship were austere and simple, and the service mainly consisted of lengthy sermons.’
      • ‘Mathematics, rightly viewed, possesses not only truth but supreme beauty, a beauty cold and austere like that of sculpture.’
      plain, simple, basic, functional, modest, unadorned, undecorated, unornamented, unembellished, unostentatious, unfurnished, uncluttered, unfussy, without frills, subdued, muted, restrained
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Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin austerus, from Greek austēros ‘severe’.

Pronunciation

austere

/ɔːˈstɪə//ɒˈstɪə/