Definition of atomize in English:


(British atomise)


[with object]
  • 1Convert (a substance) into very fine particles or droplets.

    ‘finely atomized fuel’
    • ‘Here the water is atomised using high-pressure compressed air.’
    • ‘When the carburetor can emulsify and atomize the fuel mixture well, distribution to each cylinder improves.’
    • ‘The narrow nozzle serves to atomize the flowing liquid - break it up into tiny drops, which form a fine spray.’
    • ‘Because it is not atomising the diesel enough, the fuel volume burns erratically and slowly as the flame burns through the large droplets of oily fuel.’
    • ‘You just want enough pressure to deliver the spray, but not atomize it to the point that it can be easily carried by the wind.’
    • ‘Manufactured to closer tolerances, they atomized fuel much more efficiently than factory nozzles.’
    • ‘Advanced diesel injection systems optimally atomize fuel, reduce the work and expense necessitated by exhaust gas after treatment and enable higher efficiency.’
    • ‘The multiple aperture injectors atomize the fuel through a disc with six to ten holes at its tip.’
    • ‘The fuel injection orifices inject liquid fuel into the flow channel wherein it is atomized by compressed air channeled through the shroud inlet.’
    • ‘Most current agricultural sprayers use hydraulic nozzles to meter and atomize the liquid into drops.’
    • ‘Flieger showed that spray objectives could be achieved at reduced dosages with a properly atomized spray, which doubled the treatment area per sortie by the spray aircraft.’
    • ‘In some aerosol cans, this action helps to atomize the product, forming an extremely fine spray.’
    • ‘Then, in a metallizing process, atomized molten zinc was sprayed on the steel surface, which was then brushed to impart a glossy finish.’
    • ‘This pressure level is meant to atomize the fuel into fine particles to ensure clean combustion.’
    • ‘The arc melts the wires and the molten metal is atomized by a continuous flow of either high-velocity compressed air or nonoxidizing gases, such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, or argon.’
    • ‘The smoke actually was atomized hydraulic fluid from the emergency-brake system, which is a normal by-product of its use.’
    • ‘It involves a machine that sprays atomised moisturisers onto the skin using a stream of pressurised oxygen.’
    • ‘It is atomized into small particles, which solidify very quickly.’
    • ‘The sample, which can be liquid, solid, or gas, is usually enclosed in an absorption cell, which in turn may be enclosed in an oven to vaporize and atomize the material.’
    • ‘An inert gas then propels the liquid through an ultrasonic nozzle that atomizes it.’
    1. 1.1 Reduce to atoms.
      • ‘Clearly, my watch cannot survive ‘disassembly’ into its constituent atoms: to atomize my watch is to destroy it for ever.’
      • ‘You may fly over a land forever; you may bomb it, atomize it, pulverize it and wipe it clean of life.’
      • ‘Soon Andy also acquires an absurd-looking gun that completely atomizes anything he points it at.’
      • ‘We could, he implied, be fried, blown up, poisoned or atomised any day now.’
      • ‘They'd be atomized before they got off two volleys.’
      • ‘The disadvantage is that when they explode, the material is atomised and then can be inhaled by anybody of any age in the locality afterwards.’
      • ‘The blast from the now atomized ship at the beginning of the battle damaged the section that Justin was in to an extent that if he had wanted to go back, he couldn't.’
      separate, divide, break down, dissect, dissolve, resolve, reduce
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Break up into small units.
      ‘by disrupting our ties with our neighbours, crime atomizes society’
      • ‘There are all sorts of reasons why, on an individual basis, people are so atomised and divided that it is not easy for them to act consistently.’
      • ‘In a lonely, atomized world, people had to turn to the mass media for their identity.’
      • ‘Instead of the ancient tradition of reading the Bible as a whole, specialized critics tended to atomize the text into distinct units.’
      • ‘Part of his genius as a writer is that he reminds us that we are not atomized, anonymous beings in modern life; we affect others in all kinds of ways, all the time.’
      • ‘Where trust is absent, suspicion rules; you deal only with those you know first-hand, which atomizes society and diminishes the range of human experience.’
      • ‘They want to be approached as mothers and potential mothers, as well as people with jobs and aspirations, not as atomized rights-bearing individuals given to crisis pregnancies.’
      • ‘The omnipotent media were pictured as conveying messages to atomized masses of individuals.’
      • ‘While industrial and information economic models tend to atomise society into individual units, nothing works without some level of cooperation and cohesion.’
      • ‘The mobile internet, touted as a means of always being in touch and thus of overcoming social alienation, will be likely to help atomise society even faster.’
      • ‘In fact, a perfectly individualistic society likely would resemble a Hobbesian state of totally atomized individuals, whose relations are determined solely by self-interest.’
      • ‘In the age of the global marketplace an increasingly atomised urban society consumes products and resources with little thought for their origin or future.’
      • ‘The political movements of the working class had disappeared, leaving society atomised, defenceless against and even positively disposed towards state intrusion in private affairs.’
      • ‘A society like ours is not an atomized mass, but a community of free, responsible, active individuals.’
      • ‘A common criticism of cities throughout the ages is that they atomise society, that they replace community with a mere collection of strangers living in close proximity to each other.’
      • ‘Like the ritualized steps of a dance, all the conventions of these parties humanize basic instincts into social graces and incorporate atomized individuals into a civilized community.’
      • ‘I do not accept the argument that it is capitalism that has atomised us, hence creating a society where people feel little obligation to their fellow citizens and where bad manners proliferate.’
      • ‘The working class in Russia shrank to just over 1 million, atomised, demoralised, declassed.’
      • ‘Given our ever more stratified and atomized society, why expect the draft to be equal or fair?’
      • ‘The vast audiences gained by ITV in earlier decades were partly due to a scarcity of alternatives - as consumer society has developed, this audience has atomised into many different individual units.’
      • ‘Far from increasing our potential to participate in politics and society, this can only serve to alienate and atomise us further.’
      • ‘The basic claim here is that public schools transform atomized individuals, or alienated minorities/immigrants, into civic-minded American citizens.’
      • ‘The characters are atomized, alienated, hollow, cut off emotionally from each other and from themselves.’