Definition of atomize in English:


(also atomise)


  • 1 Convert (a substance) into very fine particles or droplets.

    ‘finely atomized fuel’
    • ‘In some aerosol cans, this action helps to atomize the product, forming an extremely fine spray.’
    • ‘The smoke actually was atomized hydraulic fluid from the emergency-brake system, which is a normal by-product of its use.’
    • ‘The multiple aperture injectors atomize the fuel through a disc with six to ten holes at its tip.’
    • ‘It involves a machine that sprays atomised moisturisers onto the skin using a stream of pressurised oxygen.’
    • ‘The arc melts the wires and the molten metal is atomized by a continuous flow of either high-velocity compressed air or nonoxidizing gases, such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, or argon.’
    • ‘Because it is not atomising the diesel enough, the fuel volume burns erratically and slowly as the flame burns through the large droplets of oily fuel.’
    • ‘Then, in a metallizing process, atomized molten zinc was sprayed on the steel surface, which was then brushed to impart a glossy finish.’
    • ‘An inert gas then propels the liquid through an ultrasonic nozzle that atomizes it.’
    • ‘Manufactured to closer tolerances, they atomized fuel much more efficiently than factory nozzles.’
    • ‘Most current agricultural sprayers use hydraulic nozzles to meter and atomize the liquid into drops.’
    • ‘Here the water is atomised using high-pressure compressed air.’
    • ‘It is atomized into small particles, which solidify very quickly.’
    • ‘The sample, which can be liquid, solid, or gas, is usually enclosed in an absorption cell, which in turn may be enclosed in an oven to vaporize and atomize the material.’
    • ‘Flieger showed that spray objectives could be achieved at reduced dosages with a properly atomized spray, which doubled the treatment area per sortie by the spray aircraft.’
    • ‘When the carburetor can emulsify and atomize the fuel mixture well, distribution to each cylinder improves.’
    • ‘Advanced diesel injection systems optimally atomize fuel, reduce the work and expense necessitated by exhaust gas after treatment and enable higher efficiency.’
    • ‘You just want enough pressure to deliver the spray, but not atomize it to the point that it can be easily carried by the wind.’
    • ‘The narrow nozzle serves to atomize the flowing liquid - break it up into tiny drops, which form a fine spray.’
    • ‘This pressure level is meant to atomize the fuel into fine particles to ensure clean combustion.’
    • ‘The fuel injection orifices inject liquid fuel into the flow channel wherein it is atomized by compressed air channeled through the shroud inlet.’
    1. 1.1Reduce to atoms.
      • ‘You may fly over a land forever; you may bomb it, atomize it, pulverize it and wipe it clean of life.’
      • ‘We could, he implied, be fried, blown up, poisoned or atomised any day now.’
      • ‘They'd be atomized before they got off two volleys.’
      • ‘Soon Andy also acquires an absurd-looking gun that completely atomizes anything he points it at.’
      • ‘Clearly, my watch cannot survive ‘disassembly’ into its constituent atoms: to atomize my watch is to destroy it for ever.’
      • ‘The disadvantage is that when they explode, the material is atomised and then can be inhaled by anybody of any age in the locality afterwards.’
      • ‘The blast from the now atomized ship at the beginning of the battle damaged the section that Justin was in to an extent that if he had wanted to go back, he couldn't.’
      separate, divide, break down, dissect, atomize, dissolve, resolve, reduce
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Break up into small units.
      ‘by disrupting our ties with our neighbours, crime atomizes society’
      • ‘The characters are atomized, alienated, hollow, cut off emotionally from each other and from themselves.’
      • ‘Like the ritualized steps of a dance, all the conventions of these parties humanize basic instincts into social graces and incorporate atomized individuals into a civilized community.’
      • ‘Instead of the ancient tradition of reading the Bible as a whole, specialized critics tended to atomize the text into distinct units.’
      • ‘Part of his genius as a writer is that he reminds us that we are not atomized, anonymous beings in modern life; we affect others in all kinds of ways, all the time.’
      • ‘In the age of the global marketplace an increasingly atomised urban society consumes products and resources with little thought for their origin or future.’
      • ‘A society like ours is not an atomized mass, but a community of free, responsible, active individuals.’
      • ‘I do not accept the argument that it is capitalism that has atomised us, hence creating a society where people feel little obligation to their fellow citizens and where bad manners proliferate.’
      • ‘Given our ever more stratified and atomized society, why expect the draft to be equal or fair?’
      • ‘While industrial and information economic models tend to atomise society into individual units, nothing works without some level of cooperation and cohesion.’
      • ‘There are all sorts of reasons why, on an individual basis, people are so atomised and divided that it is not easy for them to act consistently.’
      • ‘A common criticism of cities throughout the ages is that they atomise society, that they replace community with a mere collection of strangers living in close proximity to each other.’
      • ‘The political movements of the working class had disappeared, leaving society atomised, defenceless against and even positively disposed towards state intrusion in private affairs.’
      • ‘Far from increasing our potential to participate in politics and society, this can only serve to alienate and atomise us further.’
      • ‘The mobile internet, touted as a means of always being in touch and thus of overcoming social alienation, will be likely to help atomise society even faster.’
      • ‘The working class in Russia shrank to just over 1 million, atomised, demoralised, declassed.’
      • ‘They want to be approached as mothers and potential mothers, as well as people with jobs and aspirations, not as atomized rights-bearing individuals given to crisis pregnancies.’
      • ‘In a lonely, atomized world, people had to turn to the mass media for their identity.’
      • ‘The basic claim here is that public schools transform atomized individuals, or alienated minorities/immigrants, into civic-minded American citizens.’
      • ‘In fact, a perfectly individualistic society likely would resemble a Hobbesian state of totally atomized individuals, whose relations are determined solely by self-interest.’
      • ‘The omnipotent media were pictured as conveying messages to atomized masses of individuals.’
      • ‘The vast audiences gained by ITV in earlier decades were partly due to a scarcity of alternatives - as consumer society has developed, this audience has atomised into many different individual units.’
      • ‘Where trust is absent, suspicion rules; you deal only with those you know first-hand, which atomizes society and diminishes the range of human experience.’