One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
The deceptive practice of presenting an orchestrated marketing or public relations campaign in the guise of unsolicited comments from members of the public.
- ‘It's the professionalization of astroturfing.’
- ‘An aide said Mr. Markey hoped to combat the tactic of astroturfing in which a professional lobbying effort is made to seem like a grass-roots movement.’
- ‘At its worst, it is a form of astroturfing, the pernicious practice of trying to trick people into thinking that has widespread support from ordinary members of the public.’
- ‘Shameless astroturfing.’
- ‘Still, some argue that the angry reaction from editors over astroturfing is blowing the situation out of proportion.’
- ‘Astroturfing is risky business.’
- ‘This type of corporate 'astroturfing' is nothing new to either organization.’
- ‘Problem was, his supporters sent it to multiple newspapers without changing the text whatsoever, leading the campaign to have to apologize for astroturfing.’
- ‘An EU directive enacted in Britain last year made astroturfing illegal, and there have been similar moves in the US.’
- ‘What he is talking about is not really astroturfing, but rather the granting of some individuals a big megaphone.’
- ‘But the Dispatches programme, The Dirty Tricks Election, is the first to show in detail how astroturfing works - and how sophisticated it has become.’
- ‘Little wonder the phenomenon called astroturfing has spread in politics, advertising and PR.’
- ‘Advertising and PR strategists regard astroturfing as the next frontier.’
- ‘But the significant element of astroturfing in many of these instances of democratisation is widely ignored.’
- ‘So astroturfing is an easy way out, but it will be exposed.’
- ‘These can be counteracted through astroturfing and other kinds of guerilla marketing, and human corruptibility, error, and laziness, respectively.’
- ‘Belief in ordinary voices is exploited by PRs and politicians skilled in the dark art of astroturfing.’
- ‘There's a lot of controversy surrounding the so-called astroturfing.’
- ‘It's "artificial grass roots" letter writing - astroturfing.’
- ‘And let's not even begin to discuss astroturfing.’
1990s: from AstroTurf, the idea being that such a campaign is an artificial version of a grass-roots campaign (see grass roots).
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