Definition of Assyrian in English:



  • 1An inhabitant of ancient Assyria.

    • ‘From the Assyrians in ancient Israel and the Romans in Carthage to the Belgians in the Congo and the Turks in Armenia, history is a bloody and barbaric tale.’
    • ‘More than 4,000 years ago, the ancient Assyrians, Persians, and Babylonians used mastiffs wearing spiked collars to attack their enemies.’
    • ‘The later Babylonians, Arameans and Assyrians all assimilated the culture initially prepared by the Sumerians.’
    • ‘Even in antiquity, and by the Babylonians and Assyrians themselves, the destruction of cultural property was understood as an act of psychological warfare.’
    • ‘The Assyrians were to dominate Mesopotamia again, and the whole region from the Gulf to the Mediterranean in the ninth century BC.’
    • ‘Following the Assyrians the Chaldeans took over.’
    • ‘The ancient Chaldeans and Assyrians engaged in astrological divination some 3,000 years ago.’
    • ‘A major regional road system was established by the Assyrians during the seventh century BC and inherited by the Persian Empire.’
    • ‘The Assyrians left one of the earliest records of weaponry, tactics, and battlefield engagements.’
    • ‘The ancient Assyrians, Babylonians, Egyptians and Jews endowed this remarkable plant with holy virtues.’
    • ‘Our strongest early evidence of deliberate, aggressive expansionism, though, comes from the Assyrians.’
    • ‘The ancient Assyrians, like many more recent armies, deliberately burned the woodlands of their enemies.’
    • ‘Anyone who has studied ancient history at high school can recall the Sumerians, the Assyrians and the Babylonians, and the mighty Tigris and Euphrates rivers.’
    • ‘And you can stand at Nineveh, the ancient capital of the Assyrians, who liked to think they had access to all four corners of the world.’
    • ‘The people of Mesopotamia, the Sumarians, the Babylonians and the Assyrians all developed the calendar, mathematics and the first forms of writing but they all did it in different ways.’
    • ‘They are the descendants of the ancient Assyrians, who in Old Testament times controlled the largest empire in the Middle East.’
    • ‘Some of the most sophisticated ancient civilisations once thrived in Iraq, but the cities of the Babylonians, Assyrians and Sumerians have become fragile ruins, in a nation recovering from war.’
    • ‘First the Mycenaeans grabbed it, then the Phoenicians, Egyptians, Assyrians and Persians owned it.’
    • ‘Hammurabi, a great leader known for creating the first recorded legal code in history, united the Assyrians and Babylonians in harmony.’
    • ‘The ancient Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, Romans and East Indians used it to treat certain illnesses.’
    • ‘These groups included the Babylonians, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Persians, Greeks, and Romans.’
  • 2mass noun The language of ancient Assyria, a dialect of Akkadian.

    • ‘It is said that the word ‘Asia’ has its origin in ‘asu’, which means ‘sunrise’ in Assyrian.’
    • ‘He more or less gave up photography and devoted himself to the study of Assyrian, a dead language, but he had imbued photography with the living language of art.’
    • ‘At the time Armenians converted to Christianity in 301, they had their own language but, with no alphabet, they relied on Greek and Assyrian for writing.’
  • 3mass noun A dialect of Aramaic still spoken by a group of people of mainly Christian faith living in the mountains of Syria, northern Iraq, and surrounding regions.

    • ‘School children speak some 110 languages, and one can find bilingual education teachers in 20 different languages including Assyrian, German, Polish, Russian and Tagalog.’
    • ‘As this article points out, Aramaic was the parent language of Assyrian.’
    • ‘At the same time, the article guarantees Iraqis the right to educate their children in their mother tongues, such as Turkomen or Assyrian, in government educational institutions.’


  • 1Relating to ancient Assyria or its language.

    • ‘In 1843 he was appointed British consul in Baghdad and this allowed extra time for his studies, especially work on cuneiform tablets found at Assyrian cities such as Nimrud and Nineveh.’
    • ‘In 1853, the archaeologist Austen Henry Layard and his team were excavating the palace library of the ancient Assyrian capital Nineveh.’
    • ‘It reflects the influence of Egyptian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Canaanite, Persian, and Hellenistic cultures.’
    • ‘From 750 B.C. on, Assyrian kings repeatedly claimed sovereignty over the islands.’
    • ‘Parts of the wall of the Assyrian palace at Nimrud, in the north, have been hacked out, as if cut to order for a foreign collector.’
    • ‘Items from ancient Babylon and Nineveh, Sumerian statues, Assyrian reliefs and 5,000-year-old tablets bearing some of the earliest known writing have been taken or damaged whilst troops stood by and watched.’
    • ‘While excavating in 1989 and 1990 at Nineveh, he photographed sculptures from the palace of the Assyrian king Sennacherib, a monarch whose exploits are recorded in the Bible.’
    • ‘It is the site of an ancient Assyrian castle, whose many walls have been integrated into the general city architecture.’
    • ‘Centuries before Christ, Nineveh was the capital of the great Assyrian Empire, when Assyria held sway over Egypt.’
    • ‘He spends all of Judah's money to please the King of Assyria and even worships Assyrian gods.’
    • ‘Like most of the Assyrian cities, Ashur was sacked in 612 BC when the ferocious and warlike Assyrians were finally overwhelmed by the combined forces of Babylonians and Medes.’
    • ‘The visual art that survives includes awe-inspiring stone friezes that are carved in delicate relief in the Assyrian manner from the Kings' palace at Persepolis.’
    • ‘As you wander down the canyon - dodging donkey boys and water sellers as you go - you'll pass numerous small tombs built into the cliffs, showing a variety of architectural styles from Assyrian to Roman.’
    • ‘The Assyrian king Sennacherib laid siege to 46 cities in Judah in 701, and locked up Hezekiah like a bird in a cage in Jerusalem.’
    • ‘From fragments surviving and from illustrations, often in the form of bas-relief sculpture, it is known that Assyrian soldiers wore metal helmets and that those of ancient Egypt wore leather ones, stiffened with metal.’
    • ‘Most structures were built in limestone gypsum and are an eclectic mix of Assyrian, Hellenistic, Parthian and Roman styles.’
    • ‘Huge winged lions that once guarded Assyrian palaces now guard the gateways to these collections.’
    • ‘It is written in the wedge-shaped cuneiform script invented here and used throughout the Persian, Assyrian and Babylonian empires.’
    • ‘There are three dates where Assyrian and Biblical histories are supposed to intersect.’
    • ‘The slabs, along with other Assyrian documents, showed Sennacherib's version of events and tell how he laid waste 46 strong cities across Judah.’
  • 2Relating to or denoting modern Assyrian or its speakers.

    • ‘They preferred that the language of instruction in their schools revert to Arabic-a more useful means of communication outside of their homeland-with Assyrian language and culture as a separate area of study for their children.’
    • ‘Bitter disputes have already broken out on the Kirkuk provincial council between the Kurdish majority and Arab, Turkmen and Assyrian minorities, who are challenging the legitimacy of the recent election.’
    • ‘We have people who feel strongly that they are Assyrian, but the basis for their being Assyrian has diminished considerably because of the loss of language.’