Definition of Assyrian in English:

Assyrian

noun

  • 1An inhabitant of ancient Assyria.

    • ‘First the Mycenaeans grabbed it, then the Phoenicians, Egyptians, Assyrians and Persians owned it.’
    • ‘Some of the most sophisticated ancient civilisations once thrived in Iraq, but the cities of the Babylonians, Assyrians and Sumerians have become fragile ruins, in a nation recovering from war.’
    • ‘The ancient Assyrians, like many more recent armies, deliberately burned the woodlands of their enemies.’
    • ‘A major regional road system was established by the Assyrians during the seventh century BC and inherited by the Persian Empire.’
    • ‘Following the Assyrians the Chaldeans took over.’
    • ‘The later Babylonians, Arameans and Assyrians all assimilated the culture initially prepared by the Sumerians.’
    • ‘Our strongest early evidence of deliberate, aggressive expansionism, though, comes from the Assyrians.’
    • ‘Even in antiquity, and by the Babylonians and Assyrians themselves, the destruction of cultural property was understood as an act of psychological warfare.’
    • ‘The ancient Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, Romans and East Indians used it to treat certain illnesses.’
    • ‘The ancient Assyrians, Babylonians, Egyptians and Jews endowed this remarkable plant with holy virtues.’
    • ‘And you can stand at Nineveh, the ancient capital of the Assyrians, who liked to think they had access to all four corners of the world.’
    • ‘They are the descendants of the ancient Assyrians, who in Old Testament times controlled the largest empire in the Middle East.’
    • ‘Hammurabi, a great leader known for creating the first recorded legal code in history, united the Assyrians and Babylonians in harmony.’
    • ‘These groups included the Babylonians, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Persians, Greeks, and Romans.’
    • ‘The Assyrians left one of the earliest records of weaponry, tactics, and battlefield engagements.’
    • ‘The people of Mesopotamia, the Sumarians, the Babylonians and the Assyrians all developed the calendar, mathematics and the first forms of writing but they all did it in different ways.’
    • ‘The Assyrians were to dominate Mesopotamia again, and the whole region from the Gulf to the Mediterranean in the ninth century BC.’
    • ‘Anyone who has studied ancient history at high school can recall the Sumerians, the Assyrians and the Babylonians, and the mighty Tigris and Euphrates rivers.’
    • ‘From the Assyrians in ancient Israel and the Romans in Carthage to the Belgians in the Congo and the Turks in Armenia, history is a bloody and barbaric tale.’
    • ‘More than 4,000 years ago, the ancient Assyrians, Persians, and Babylonians used mastiffs wearing spiked collars to attack their enemies.’
    • ‘The ancient Chaldeans and Assyrians engaged in astrological divination some 3,000 years ago.’
  • 2mass noun The language of ancient Assyria, a dialect of Akkadian.

    • ‘At the time Armenians converted to Christianity in 301, they had their own language but, with no alphabet, they relied on Greek and Assyrian for writing.’
    • ‘He more or less gave up photography and devoted himself to the study of Assyrian, a dead language, but he had imbued photography with the living language of art.’
    • ‘It is said that the word ‘Asia’ has its origin in ‘asu’, which means ‘sunrise’ in Assyrian.’
  • 3mass noun A dialect of Aramaic still spoken by a group of people of mainly Christian faith living in the mountains of Syria, northern Iraq, and surrounding regions.

    • ‘At the same time, the article guarantees Iraqis the right to educate their children in their mother tongues, such as Turkomen or Assyrian, in government educational institutions.’
    • ‘School children speak some 110 languages, and one can find bilingual education teachers in 20 different languages including Assyrian, German, Polish, Russian and Tagalog.’
    • ‘As this article points out, Aramaic was the parent language of Assyrian.’

adjective

  • 1Relating to ancient Assyria or its language.

    • ‘The visual art that survives includes awe-inspiring stone friezes that are carved in delicate relief in the Assyrian manner from the Kings' palace at Persepolis.’
    • ‘Items from ancient Babylon and Nineveh, Sumerian statues, Assyrian reliefs and 5,000-year-old tablets bearing some of the earliest known writing have been taken or damaged whilst troops stood by and watched.’
    • ‘While excavating in 1989 and 1990 at Nineveh, he photographed sculptures from the palace of the Assyrian king Sennacherib, a monarch whose exploits are recorded in the Bible.’
    • ‘Most structures were built in limestone gypsum and are an eclectic mix of Assyrian, Hellenistic, Parthian and Roman styles.’
    • ‘From fragments surviving and from illustrations, often in the form of bas-relief sculpture, it is known that Assyrian soldiers wore metal helmets and that those of ancient Egypt wore leather ones, stiffened with metal.’
    • ‘The slabs, along with other Assyrian documents, showed Sennacherib's version of events and tell how he laid waste 46 strong cities across Judah.’
    • ‘In 1843 he was appointed British consul in Baghdad and this allowed extra time for his studies, especially work on cuneiform tablets found at Assyrian cities such as Nimrud and Nineveh.’
    • ‘He spends all of Judah's money to please the King of Assyria and even worships Assyrian gods.’
    • ‘It is the site of an ancient Assyrian castle, whose many walls have been integrated into the general city architecture.’
    • ‘Centuries before Christ, Nineveh was the capital of the great Assyrian Empire, when Assyria held sway over Egypt.’
    • ‘From 750 B.C. on, Assyrian kings repeatedly claimed sovereignty over the islands.’
    • ‘It is written in the wedge-shaped cuneiform script invented here and used throughout the Persian, Assyrian and Babylonian empires.’
    • ‘In 1853, the archaeologist Austen Henry Layard and his team were excavating the palace library of the ancient Assyrian capital Nineveh.’
    • ‘It reflects the influence of Egyptian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Canaanite, Persian, and Hellenistic cultures.’
    • ‘Huge winged lions that once guarded Assyrian palaces now guard the gateways to these collections.’
    • ‘Parts of the wall of the Assyrian palace at Nimrud, in the north, have been hacked out, as if cut to order for a foreign collector.’
    • ‘The Assyrian king Sennacherib laid siege to 46 cities in Judah in 701, and locked up Hezekiah like a bird in a cage in Jerusalem.’
    • ‘Like most of the Assyrian cities, Ashur was sacked in 612 BC when the ferocious and warlike Assyrians were finally overwhelmed by the combined forces of Babylonians and Medes.’
    • ‘There are three dates where Assyrian and Biblical histories are supposed to intersect.’
    • ‘As you wander down the canyon - dodging donkey boys and water sellers as you go - you'll pass numerous small tombs built into the cliffs, showing a variety of architectural styles from Assyrian to Roman.’
  • 2Relating to or denoting modern Assyrian or its speakers.

    • ‘We have people who feel strongly that they are Assyrian, but the basis for their being Assyrian has diminished considerably because of the loss of language.’
    • ‘They preferred that the language of instruction in their schools revert to Arabic-a more useful means of communication outside of their homeland-with Assyrian language and culture as a separate area of study for their children.’
    • ‘Bitter disputes have already broken out on the Kirkuk provincial council between the Kurdish majority and Arab, Turkmen and Assyrian minorities, who are challenging the legitimacy of the recent election.’

Pronunciation

Assyrian

/əˈsɪrɪən/