Definition of aspirate in English:

aspirate

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
Pronunciation /ˈaspəreɪt/
  • 1often as adjective aspiratedPhonetics
    Pronounce (a sound) with an exhalation of breath.

    ‘the aspirated allophone of p occurs in ‘pie’’
    • ‘‘I've said it once and I'll say it again,’ one of them aspirates huffily.’
    • ‘Mandarin Chinese has just two series of stops and affricates, one aspirated, the other unaspirated.’
    • ‘If there is a substantial lag between the release of the closure of a stop or the end of the frication of an affricate, and the onset of voicing in the vowel, it is said to be aspirated.’
    1. 1.1no object Pronounce the sound of h at the beginning of a word.
      ‘Londoners are always aspirating where they should not, and never aspirating where they should’
  • 2Medicine
    Breathe (something) in; inhale.

    ‘some drowning victims don't aspirate any water’
    • ‘Blood should be cultured from all patients who have aspirated water.’
    • ‘By this time he had started to cough and was aspirating fluids.’
    • ‘He aspirated some water and another coughing spasm started.’
    • ‘In addition, there was a possibility that Sarah had aspirated vomit.’
    • ‘Many foods can be dangerous for small children since they can aspirate the items, which will result in blockage of the breathing passages.’
    1. 2.1 Draw (fluid) by suction from a vessel or cavity.
      ‘bile was aspirated through a catheter’
      • ‘A volume of 60 ml of blood was aspirated from his knee.’
      • ‘The fluid was aspirated by immediate gentle hand suction applied to the instilling syringe after each instillation.’
      • ‘At autopsy, all remaining pleural fluid was aspirated from the right pleural space.’
      • ‘Fresh blood was aspirated from the nasogastric tube.’
      • ‘Fluid is easily aspirated when the needle is properly positioned.’
  • 3usually as adjective aspiratedProvide (an internal combustion engine) with air.

    ‘the superchargers produce twice the power of standard aspirated engines’
    • ‘The new generation produces about the same horsepower, naturally aspirated, as the old turbocharged engine.’
    • ‘The use of a homogenous intake charge lessens the chance of detonation, making it possible to run higher compression ratios on both naturally aspirated and turbocharged engines.’
    • ‘The block is stout, has cast-in iron liners, and has been designed to support the naturally aspirated, turbo-charged, and supercharged performance variants that inevitably will supplement the base engines.’
    • ‘In addition, this engine allows longer service intervals over the naturally aspirated version.’
    • ‘Versions of the engine will be both naturally aspirated and turbocharged and applications will include front-, rear- and all-wheel-drive, as well as hybrid vehicles.’

noun

Pronunciation /ˈasp(ə)rət/
  • 1Phonetics
    An aspirated consonant.

    • ‘They can't seem to handle hard aspirates at all, and sibilants are difficult for them.’
    • ‘In fact, air flow continues at a very high rate for a very long time in these sounds relative to aspirates.’
    1. 1.1 A sound of h.
      • ‘She fires off the cleanest and most articulated runs without a trace of strain or unwanted aspirates.’
      • ‘Conversely, there is often an intrusive aspirate between vowels, as in ‘cre-haytion’ for creation and ‘hi-haytus’ for hiatus.’
      • ‘He was a ‘sobber,’ and many of his phrases are broken or studded with unnecessary (but very emotional!) aspirates.’
      • ‘And the Sindhu of Sanskrit became Hindhu or Hindu in Persian, following the practice of changing ‘S’ into an aspirate in Persian.’
  • 2Medicine
    mass noun Matter that has been drawn from the body by suction.

    ‘gastric aspirate’
    count noun ‘oesophageal aspirates’
    • ‘In four of nine cases, the same pathogen was diagnosed both in serum and in the nasopharyngeal aspirate.’
    • ‘Bronchial aspirate were obtained by aseptic technique using a sterile suction catheter each time.’
    • ‘Iron staining of the bone marrow aspirate revealed increased storage iron.’
    • ‘Likewise, observing the appearance of feeding tube aspirate is also unreliable because gastric contents can look similar to respiratory secretions.’
    • ‘To confirm a suspected second relapse, a bone marrow aspirate and core biopsy were performed.’

adjective

Pronunciation /ˈasp(ə)rət/
Phonetics
  • (of a sound) pronounced with an exhalation of breath; aspirated.

    • ‘In speech, hard ‘r’ frequently gets nasalized, in the same way as ‘k’ becomes aspirated in the American throat.’
    • ‘Alongside the general schema for a syllable-onset consonant, however, there exist more specific schemas concerning individual sounds (such as p), classes of sounds (the aspirated stops), and so on.’
    • ‘For example, the aspirated series of stops and affricates are written by adding a horizontal stroke to the letters for the plain series.’
    • ‘For instance, aspirated consonants are written with a small superscript h after the symbol for the corresponding unaspirated consonant.’
    • ‘So let's practice distinguishing ejective from aspirated stops, okay class?’

Origin

Mid 16th century (as an adjective): from Latin aspiratus ‘breathed’, past participle of aspirare (see aspire).

Pronunciation

aspirate

Verb/ˈaspəreɪt/

aspirate

Noun/ˈasp(ə)rət/

aspirate

Adjective/ˈasp(ə)rət/