Definition of ashlar in English:

ashlar

noun

  • 1[mass noun] Masonry made of large square-cut stones, used as a facing on walls of brick or stone rubble:

    ‘seven windows are set in ashlar along the upper floor’
    [as modifier] ‘ashlar blocks’
    • ‘The building has an ashlar stone base with an arcade at ground level.’
    • ‘It is built of rubble stone with ashlar dressings on a granite plinth.’
    • ‘There are numerous cracks in ashlar stones on the external elevation.’
    • ‘The frame is filled in with triple glazing on the upper storey, with ashlar stone blocks on the first floor, and is left open on the ground floor to form a colonnade.’
    • ‘In the courtrooms, fabric-wrapped acoustical panels give the walls an ashlar pattern similar to that of the exterior.’
    • ‘The younger man's boot scraped along the surface of the tower wall, finding a narrow crevice between the blocks of ashlar that might support him.’
    • ‘In our work at the site some thirty or so years later we recorded significant damage resulting from bulldozing and found three ashlar blocks.’
    • ‘There was, on the one hand, the precise architecture, the cold ashlar blocks; on the other, the deep personal loss.’
    • ‘Much of the lower building work is to be reconstructed in stone ashlar with some units to include dormer, full-length windows and balconies.’
    • ‘The two courtyards use an existing fan arched gate (formerly closed with granite ashlar facing) on Diamond Street.’
    • ‘The ground or basement story of the Alabama capitol was constructed of traditional masonry consisting of ashlar walls made of locally quarried sandstone.’
    • ‘It should be remembered that the buildings of Regency Newcastle differ from Nash's London by being of finely cut ashlar, as opposed to the capital's stucco.’
    • ‘Other citizens hauled away truckloads of carved ashlar and flagstones to build garden walls and terraces.’
    • ‘A handsome ivy-clad ashlar mansion, the house was built overlooking the Blackwater Valley in the 1770s.’
    • ‘As in his earlier capitols, Nichols constructed the walls of the lower floor out of local sandstone but built the walls of the upper floors out of brick covered with stucco, scored, and painted to resemble smooth ashlar.’
    • ‘The defensive wall was of fine ashlar masonry with a pronounced batter.’
    • ‘The two-bedroomed apartments, spread over four floors, benefit from a unique setting and feature a facade of ashlar stones with carved features.’
    • ‘The church itself, begun in the 1150s, has an eleven-bay nave of finely cut ashlar masonry, the seven westernmost bays for lay brothers and those to the east for choir monks.’
    • ‘While easily discernible in plan, the shift from stack bond to traditionally bonded ashlar is too subtle to distinguish the two forms from the street.’
    1. 1.1[count noun] A stone used in ashlar.
      • ‘These would be foundations of granite ashlars on top of the rock on the first row of walls.’
      • ‘Mr Wilshaw promotes the idea of replacement of the damaged stones with reclaimed ashlars.’
      • ‘The basalt ashlars have protruding bosses and roughly dressed margins, which give the impression of order and unity.’
      • ‘Walls of local ashlar to the left and a flush stone dado to the right augment this feeling of sedimentation, of Baldeweg's building being literally of the earth.’
      • ‘On the borders of the ashlars, subject to widespread substitutions, the effects of compression are visible.’
      • ‘The gaps above the designated ashlars have been cleared of debris and new ashlars have been inserted.’
      • ‘These exterior walls had often padded ashlars and were separated by 4 m. from each other.’
      • ‘The ray tracing rendering has been applied on single stones, pudding-stone and travertine ashlars.’
      • ‘Some of the ashlars, including those on either side of the doors, were found to have been robbed out.’
      • ‘As will be seen shortly, this ramp was used to lower ashlars for transport under the perimeter of Cheops.’
      • ‘The most important was the third course of ashlars belonging to the south facade east of the door.’
      • ‘These ashlars are ‘finely shaped parallelepipeds,’ some of which are nearly cubical.’
      • ‘Over the centuries, the fine straight lines and margins of some of the ashlars have eroded away.’
      • ‘The tombs were made of ashlars with dry joints, or of bricks and mortar.’
      • ‘The forum plaza is bounded on its east by a wall constructed in segments of ashlars and rough stones.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French aisselier from Latin axilla, diminutive of axis plank.

Pronunciation

ashlar

/ˈaʃlə/