• 1Used to refer to the function or character that someone or something has.

    ‘it came as a shock’
    ‘she got a job as a cook’
    • ‘He cares for her deeply as a friend and perhaps as a future wife.’
    • ‘He worked as a business teacher in the local high school.’
    • ‘The 7100, which also works as a phone, should appeal to customers who want a single device for calls and e-mail.’
    • ‘His death came as a shock, followed by anger when you learnt of the circumstances.’
    • ‘In addition to text, users can send virtually any kind of electronic file as an attachment.’
    • ‘If you treat an important section of the community as outcasts, they will hardly shine as patriots.’
    in the guise of, with the appearance of, in the character of, so as to appear to be
    in the role of, being, acting as, functioning as
    View synonyms
  • 2During the time of being (the thing specified)

    ‘he had often been ill as a child’
    • ‘Subsequently I visited this country as an adult, but for a short period of time.’
    • ‘This is definitely the weirdest dinner I've ever had as a student.’
    • ‘My parents were able to build their business upon the strong values they were taught as children.’
    • ‘Born in the Ukraine, he was brought to England as a baby and spent his childhood in Liverpool.’
    • ‘At high school and later as an employee of a steel company he dabbled as a self-taught artist in oil painting.’


For a discussion of whether it is correct to say he's not as shy as I rather than he's not as shy as me or I live in the same street as she rather than I live in the same street as hersee personal pronoun