Definition of artificial selection in English:

artificial selection

noun

Biology
  • The development or maintenance of distinct variants of a species by human intervention, such that each successive generation is produced by the deliberate breeding, or the preferential reproduction, of individuals which have particular desired characteristics; contrasted with natural selection.

Origin

Mid 19th century; earliest use found in Charles Darwin (1809–1882), naturalist, geologist, and originator of the theory of natural selection.