Definition of artichoke in English:

artichoke

noun

  • 1A European plant cultivated for its large thistle-like flower heads.

    • ‘One school of thought maintains that cardoons and artichokes are, and always have been, two distinct species.’
    • ‘My crops of grass and brambles threaten her more carefully tended beans, lettuces, garlic and artichokes, and the Martock Bean Enclosure must look like a sick joke to her.’
    • ‘Fructan occurs in many economically important species, for example, in the vegetative tissues of the temperate forage grasses and cereals and in the perennating organs of chicory, artichoke, asparagus, dahlia, and the onion family.’
    • ‘Perennials, such as artichokes, asparagus and rhubarb are also sold in bare-root form.’
    • ‘But there are also edible species of biennial, including carrots, parsley, parsnips and globe artichoke or cardoon.’
    • ‘As they generate leaves around a stem, or seeds or flowers in a blossom, plants as diverse as broccoli, pinecones, artichokes and water lilies create intricate spirals that follow a well-known mathematical sequence of numbers.’
    • ‘The garden is resplendent with California poppies, blossoming artichokes, and, at its center, a ramada built with kiwi vines intertwined with willow and recycled wood.’
    • ‘He grows several dozen crops, including artichokes, shallots, watermelons, garlic, and many types of greens.’
    • ‘Finally to keep the bed looking good nearly all year, he added permanent foliage plants - artichokes, rosemary, thyme - that also yield a harvest.’
    • ‘The statuesque theme continues in the vegetable garden where there are great fronds of fennel and huge clumps of Cynara Scolymus - globe artichoke, their purple thistle heads abuzz with bees.’
    • ‘The Mediterranean vegetable garden includes an old water tank as well as displays of rosemary, thyme, pumpkins, figs, globe artichokes, olives and grapevines.’
    • ‘In Italy, look out for varieties of elegantly grey-leaved cardoons and artichokes, zucchini, cavolo nero, flat Neapolitan parsley, Principe di Bologna tomatoes and rocket (rucola).’
    • ‘Other attractive vegetables that work well in a flower garden include tall frondy fennel, the magnificent globe artichoke and nasturtiums for ground cover.’
    • ‘Today, there are 345,000 acres of fields growing asparagus, sugar cane, citrus, mangos, artichokes, avocados, peppers and onions.’
    • ‘Inulin is an all-natural fiber extract derived from the chicory root and also found in fruits and vegetables such as artichokes, asparagus, leeks, onions and bananas.’
    • ‘Herbs such as dandelion leaf and root, milk thistle, artichoke, Oregon grape root, chelidonium and curcumin also support liver function.’
    • ‘They are psyllium, taurine, dandelion, St Mary's Thistle, globe artichoke and slippery elm bark, which have liver protective, restorative properties.’
    • ‘They can include such herbs as dandelion root, aloe, artichoke, saffron, rhubarb root, gentian, angelica root, myrrh, and senna, to name a few.’
    • ‘Santolina is clipped into clouds and punctuation is provided by six foot tall teasels, milk thistles, huge artichokes and great clumps of bear's breeches.’
    • ‘Onions, artichokes, pears, wheat, and some soft drinks and processed foods contain this sugar, which may be difficult to digest.’
    1. 1.1 The unopened flower head of the artichoke, of which the heart and the fleshy bases of the bracts are edible.
      • ‘All we have to do is chop up some onion, cloves, celery, leeks, artichokes, and throw in a few fava beans.’
      • ‘Take your pick from young spinach picked that morning, tomatoes, garlic, artichokes, beans and peas, and home-made sheep's cheese.’
      • ‘Milk thistle is best known for its curative effect on the human liver, but its flower heads are eaten like artichokes, and the roots are served boiled in Chile, its country of origin.’
      • ‘It is dense with artichokes, tomatoes, garlic, broad beans, peas, lettuce, rocket and more.’
      • ‘Asparagus has an affinity with eggs, rocket, artichokes, leeks and truffle.’
      • ‘So I had my free lunch (very nice grilled chicken, duchesse potatoes, spinach, artichokes and baby corn, followed by a chocolatey/creamy confection with a delicious orange sauce) and then headed back into the office.’
      • ‘The lamb stew is another great, rib-sticking dish, chock-full of artichokes, roasted tomatoes, dandelion greens, and fresh mint.’
      • ‘Perhaps the most exquisite dish we ate was his starter of globe artichoke heart and asparagus with summer truffle and poached egg.’
      • ‘It's what remained after I had enjoyed a particularly good globe artichoke.’
      • ‘Arrange garlic, salsify and artichokes on other side and serve cardoons and mache on separate plate.’
      • ‘Beans, blueberries, cranberries, Russet potatoes, artichokes, pecans and cinnamon top the list.’
      • ‘I used the oil from the marinaded artichokes, balsamic vinegar, whole egg mayonnaise, American mustard and salt and pepper.’
      • ‘Unlike their larger siblings, whose higher placement on the stalk exposes them to the sun, baby artichokes are rendered entirely edible with just a little trimming.’
      • ‘Quickly boil the new potatoes, cut the new red onions and toss them all with the leftover olive oil from the artichokes, add salt and lots of pepper and put into the oven for an hour (temperature as above).’
      • ‘A starter of perfectly pan-fried scallops will come with red mullet and a salad of baby artichokes, beetroot and sliced truffle.’
      • ‘My top dish was the heavenly grilled semolina & fresh goats cheese gnocchi and panfried artichokes with broad beans & marjoram, lemon cream and caramelised beetroot…’
      • ‘To serve, arrange a cod fillet, some artichokes, and snow peas in the center of a plate.’
      • ‘Drain the pasta, toss it with the artichokes, olive oil, parsley and Parmesan.’
      • ‘Nick opted for penne con pomodori secchi: sun-dried tomatoes, artichokes, basil and green chillies with olive oil in a light tomato sauce.’
      • ‘We ordered the white asparagus and morel soufflé in a globe artichoke with truffle beurre blanc.’
  • 2British

    • ‘Cut the artichokes in half and stir them gently into the onions.’
    • ‘A thick mulch helps keep soil moist with minimum water use as you start winter crops of peas, lettuce, cabbage, carrots, radishes, garlic, artichokes, broccoli and cauliflower.’
    • ‘Beyond potatoes, peas, carrots spinach and aubergine, Western man has alternatives like asparagus, leeks and artichokes.’
    • ‘My husband had Porcini mushroom risotto with caramelised artichoke and truffle oil and it has to be said this dish must have been made by the best chef in the world.’
    • ‘This is not the 2003 joke where Ramsay told a table of vegetarians that their artichoke soup had been made with vegetable stock when it was in fact made with chicken stock.’
    • ‘It's also a good time to put in root crops as well as broccoli and cabbage, artichokes, asparagus and rhubarb.’
    • ‘Dishes in olive oil included stuffed vine leaves, cabbage and artichokes, leeks and spinach boranaki.’
    • ‘In addition to cereals the Greeks used figs, grapes, pomegranates, spinach, marrows, celery, nettles, hyacinth bulbs, artichokes, asparagus and honey.’
    • ‘Add guinea hen jus, olives, artichokes, fennel and pearl onions and caramelize.’
    • ‘The attention to culinary detail has already won the head chef Tony Singh national renown for a menu which includes chump of lamb with fondant potato, wild mushrooms and lentil jus, and vegetarian polenta, mushroom and artichoke ragout.’
    • ‘Certain foods such as kidney beans and artichokes cause an overproduction of bacteria in the stomach, which can in turn lead to excessive flatulence.’
    • ‘She searches out old recipes and makes interesting meat and vegetable dishes - you must try their artichokes.’
    • ‘The roast corn-fed chicken with wild mushrooms, artichokes, potatoes and crispy ham also went down very well.’
    • ‘Their popular box delivery scheme includes potatoes, onions and carrots, as well as a selection of the best seasonal produce, from fennel to artichokes.’
    • ‘It would be fantastic with cavalo nero, white beans and raw artichokes.’
    • ‘Some of the best liver-supporting foods are beetroot, carrots, onions, garlic, green leafy vegetables, artichokes and lemons.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: from northern Italian articiocco, from Spanish alcarchofa, from Arabic al-ḵaršūfa.

Pronunciation

artichoke

/ˈɑːtɪtʃəʊk/