Definition of arthrosis in English:



  • 1Anatomy
    rare Anatomy. Articulation (of bones), specifically by a joint which permits movement; an instance of this; a joint of this kind. Compare earlier diarthrosis, enarthrosis, synarthrosis. Now rare.

  • 2Medicine
    Medicine. Disease of the joints; (in later use) specifically degenerative or other non-inflammatory disease; an instance of this. Compare earlier arthrosia, and later haemarthrosis, hydrarthrosis, osteoarthrosis.


Mid 17th century; earliest use found in Nicholas Culpeper (1616–1654), physician and astrologer. From post-classical Latin arthrosis from Hellenistic Greek ἄρθρωσις compact connection, articulation (of speech) from ancient Greek ἀρθροῦν to utter distinctly, (passive) to be jointed (from ἄρθρον joint: see arthro-) + -ωσις.