Definition of artesian in English:

artesian

adjective

  • Relating to or denoting a well bored perpendicularly into water-bearing strata lying at an angle, so that natural pressure produces a constant supply of water with little or no pumping:

    ‘the availability of water from artesian wells makes agriculture possible’
    ‘water from the island's artesian supply’
    • ‘As a result of the total lack of surface water along the entire route, the South Australian government sank artesian bores at intervals of about 50 kilometres.’
    • ‘Last week, voters here approved a bond issue for a big, new artesian well to guarantee that this town's beautiful landmark lake will continue to have enough water.’
    • ‘Very difficult ground and artesian water conditions were encountered as described in a paper by Albert H. Fay.’
    • ‘This means people relying on artesian wells for their water supply will have to dig deeper if they want clean underground water.’
    • ‘Blackall was the first town in Queensland to attempt tapping the great artesian basin for a town water supply.’
    • ‘For about two weeks we could not use the water from our artesian wells.’
    • ‘At present, Mulka Station on the Birdsville track, generates twenty kilo Watts of power from artesian bore water heated by hot rocks.’
    • ‘There are whole areas outside Pattaya which do not even have city water and must use artesian wells, or hire trucks to fill personal water storage tanks.’
    • ‘During that trip seven artesian springs were discovered by Joseph Albert Herrgott, a German Botanist, travelling with John McDouall Stuart.’
    • ‘In some inland areas of the country where the availability of water is seasonal and sporadic, sheep have often had to rely on artesian or sub-artesian water.’
    • ‘Gauteng has a single artesian spring - on Alberts Farm in Albertskroon in Joburg's northwest suburbs - spurting a fresh, clean trickle of water throughout the year.’
    • ‘In both flowing and non-flowing artesian wells, the water is under higher pressure than would be created by a column of water extending from the depth of the open well to the top of the aquifer.’
    • ‘I would say that over the years they will have more artesian wells and will bring in irrigation on a wider scale.’
    • ‘It's like a deep artesian well with channels flowing out from it.’
    • ‘A constant supply of cold, oxygen-deficient water from artesian springs maintains the glacial-like characteristics of prairie fens.’
    • ‘It was taken to Ilam to pump water for domestic supply from an artesian bore near the water wheel to a water tank on a tower beside the homestead.’
    • ‘That is why Rising Museum Mounting Board and Fine Art Papers are manufactured with natural artesian well water to achieve maximum archival qualities that meet the strictest standards set by the Library of Congress.’
    • ‘So Cubbie sounds agreeable to the plan, but does that mean they are just going to pump more from the artesian basin to compensate?’
    • ‘The drilling cut off the water supply from three artesian wells on their private land.’
    • ‘The wealthy company was ideally placed to move into capitalist pasturing, using professional management, fencing, artesian bores, and massive and diverse holdings to minimise traditional risks.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from French artésien from Artois (see Artois), where such wells were first made.

Pronunciation:

artesian

/ɑːˈtiːzɪən/