One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Denoting Samian ware (Roman pottery), especially that made at Arretium (modern Arezzo) in central Italy.
- ‘ETTLINGER ET AL. 1990 brings together information on Arretine forms, so is useful for seeing the origin of many Gallic samian forms.’
- ‘North of the Rhine they appear in the early fort of Haltern, but with the exception of the goods of the potter Ateius, little Arretine ware seems to have reached Germany, the Danubian country, or Britain.’
- ‘The first imports of ceramics from Italy began at this time; they included fineware, utilitarian pieces, Arretine ware and wine amphorae.’
- ‘Five classes of domestic pottery presumed to be of local or regional manufacture, based upon the distribution of their find spots in Rome and central Italy, were tested by NAA, along with reference materials, including Arretine sigillata, Slip-decorated ware, and fired samples of clay from the Janiculum Hill in Rome.’
- ‘Copies of Arretine ware have been found in the remotest outposts of the Roman Empire.’
- ‘Yet such products are rarer among other finds: most Arretine and related bowls made until ad 60-70 tend towards lush foliage or plain symmetry, with multiple mouldings on wheelmade parts.’
- ‘For Rostovtzeff the break down of the Arretine terra sigillata production became an important element in his analysis of the Italian economy of the Early Empire and came to signify a decline in the Italian economy.’
- ‘On a more modern note: The industrial revolution of the 19th century allowed the Arretine result to be copied and mass-produced in England by potters such as Wedgewood.’
- ‘And I find myself skeptical about C.'s attempts to draw parallels with the more obvious scenes of contemporary Arretine ware and of later Campanian art.’
- ‘Two principal types are recognized: Arretine produced at Arezzo in northern Italy between 30 BC and AD 50; and Samian produced in several areas of Gaul from ad 20 through to the late 2nd century AD.’
- ‘Samian was a fine tableware, and is sometimes called Arretine Ware or Terra sigillata.’
- ‘By subjecting the data to a set of statistical techniques, including hierarchical cluster analysis, bivariate plots, principal components analysis, and variance-covariance analysis, it was possible to identify compositional groups of Blackgloss ware of Arretine and possible Volterran origin, and a compositional group of Pre-Sigillata of probable Volterran origin.’
Late 18th century: from the name of the city + -ine.
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