Definition of arpeggio in English:

arpeggio

noun

Music
  • The notes of a chord played in rapid succession, either ascending or descending.

    • ‘Octaves, large chords and arpeggios are all formations that seemingly call for large hand stretches.’
    • ‘As the first song played, I pressed different buttons on the joystick and keyboard and heard notes, chords, cadenzas, arpeggios, and even special effects typical of the piano.’
    • ‘The virtuoso tour de force begins with a flourish, the piano arpeggios answered by bold chords in the woodwind trio.’
    • ‘As a result, pianists are required to negotiate unusual combinations of note groupings and clusters that go beyond the fingerings used in traditional scales, arpeggios and chords.’
    • ‘In a beautiful and affecting way, Shostakovich evokes the sounds of the Moonlight Sonata, the triplet arpeggios and the dotted rhythm of the main theme, without really quoting it.’

Origin

Italian, from arpeggiare play the harp, from arpa harp.

Pronunciation:

arpeggio

/ɑːˈpɛdʒɪəʊ/