Definition of armour in English:

armour

(US armor)

noun

mass noun
  • 1The metal coverings formerly worn to protect the body in battle.

    ‘knights in armour’
    ‘a suit of armour’
    • ‘The climb for William's soldiers - in their heavy chain mail armour - would have been difficult even if the Saxons had not been trying to kill them!’
    • ‘Clad in a suit of white armor and flying her own standard she liberated France from the English at the battle of Orleans.’
    • ‘Limb armour was far rarer than body or head armour.’
    • ‘As Orestes and the Furies confront each other, Athena arrives at the temple dressed in full battle armor.’
    • ‘All the posters showed the same image: a gladiator, clad in full battle armor, drinking a bottle of strange blue liquid.’
    • ‘For example, during the Middle Ages in Europe, knights dressed in suits of armor and rode into battle on powerful horses.’
    • ‘Whether or not a musket ball could penetrate armour was dependent on a number of factors, one of which is that firearms in those days did not always fire.’
    • ‘Sendei ripped off his outer clothes to reveal battle armour and a crossbow hanging from a leather belt.’
    • ‘The finds include a shoulder-guard of iron scales held together with bronze wire, and examples of the laminated armour used by legionaries to protect their sword arms.’
    • ‘The armor appeared to be very similar to a normal suit of knight's armor, only thicker and taller.’
    • ‘In it, I saw myself dressed in chain mail armor, riding into battle.’
    • ‘There were four warriors, in full battle armor, standing at the end of the hallway.’
    • ‘The knights gathered their armor and readied themselves for battle.’
    • ‘He was dressed like a centurion, with titanium armor protecting his every body part.’
    • ‘She stood next to a man who was in a complete suit of metal armor.’
    • ‘These cavalry soldiers wore thick leather jerkins for protection as full plated armour would slow down their horses.’
    • ‘They wore chain mail armour which gave them much protection.’
    • ‘The man who dragged her from the house wore the shining, metal armor of a knight.’
    • ‘Under the cloaks the priests were clad in heavy battle armor.’
    • ‘Inside was a large hall, decorated with suits of armor and tapestries of battle.’
    protective covering, armour plate
    View synonyms
  • 2The tough metal layer covering a military vehicle or ship to defend it from attack.

    • ‘They cured that problem by covering the PT boat with armor plate.’
    • ‘When a shaped charge explodes it projects a stream of molten metal and gas which can penetrate considerable thicknesses of armour plate.’
    • ‘When the aircraft arrived from Chad, the gear doors and some armor plate was missing.’
    • ‘The welded steel and aluminium alloy hull is fitted with spall liners and add-on titanium armour plate to protect against anti-tank weapons.’
    • ‘Use of these copper-free alloys has increased in recent years and now includes automotive applications, structural members and armor plate for military vehicles, and components of other transportation equipment.’
    • ‘BA said all its 340 planes would get a full-length metal armour plate fitted, which will substantially reinforce cockpit door exteriors and prevent unauthorised access to the flight deck.’
    • ‘Shrapnel hit the armor plate under the cockpit, mangled the plating and destroyed the equipment mounted directly above.’
    • ‘The Ijuin fuze allowed the shell to explode on impact rather than after it had penetrated the armor of enemy ships.’
    • ‘First, the convoy should have at least five vehicles and they should have extra armor plate or Kevlar blankets attached to protect the crew.’
    • ‘A beard of several days darkened his face, and nearly every bit of mail, leather and armor plate that he wore seemed to have acquired some blemish or other.’
    • ‘Sandbags were eventually replaced with locally fabricated steel armor plate.’
    • ‘In fact, one soldier thanked Rumsfeld and presented him with an armor plate that saved his life by stopping a sniper's bullet.’
    • ‘Mike Tremoglie exposes the distortions in media reports of what Rumsfeld said in Iraq about armour for U.S. military vehicles.’
    • ‘The plane was lightened a bit by removal of armor plate and some military systems but the airframe was essentially stock.’
    • ‘For protection against mines the vehicle is fitted with a floor spall liner and 18 mm armour plate in the floor.’
    • ‘The plant is the largest producer of armor plate for the U.S. military.’
    • ‘Being so hard, its density twice that of lead - it is used to tip armour-piercing shells and built into the armour of military vehicles.’
    • ‘Will the New Zealand Army be purchasing and fitting extra armour to its light armoured vehicles; if not, why not, and, if so, at what cost?’
    • ‘Due to its high density, which is about twice that of lead, and other physical properties, depleted uranium is used in munitions designed to penetrate armour plate.’
    • ‘Applications for 5xxx-series alloys include automobile and appliance trim, pressure vessels, armor plate, and components for marine and cryogenic service.’
    • ‘The round penetrated through his arm into his flack vest and was stopped by his armor plate.’
    • ‘By using removable armor plate and removable side panels, the seat is completely concealed when not being used.’
    protective covering, armour plate
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Military vehicles collectively.
      ‘infantry, armour, and logistic units’
      • ‘Together with the armour, artillery and infantry, the Royal Engineers form one of the combat elements of the army.’
      • ‘This excludes women from employment in armour, artillery, infantry and combat engineer units/positions.’
      • ‘There, the infantry and the armour troops had been doing the same task.’
      • ‘We have been encountered by fierce infantry resistance, yet our superior weaponry and armor has allowed us to crush this resistance.’
      • ‘If you are the medical platoon leader for an infantry or armor battalion task force, you are expected to have what you need to treat patients.’
      • ‘Quick-moving armour, motorised infantry, the Luftwaffe flying both as artillery and as close support resulted in rapid dominance.’
      • ‘Israeli armour and infantry pushed into Jordan capturing the West Bank, deep into Sinai up to the Suez Canal and into the Golan Heights in Syria.’
      • ‘Separating attacking infantry from their supporting armor would also be a logical approach.’
      • ‘In battle, the artillery's role is to provide fire support for the infantry, cavalry, armor and other units.’
      • ‘On Dec 4th Pakistani infantry supported by armour captured Mandiala North after bitter hand to hand fighting.’
      • ‘I figured by this point, we'd have three divisions of armor, mechanized infantry, and Marines in Kuwait.’
      • ‘In the meantime, the gunners gave close and effective fire support to the infantry and armor troops.’
      • ‘Most irritating were the German rocket launchers, which miraculously decimate infantry and armour alike with impunity.’
      • ‘Syrian's armored forces moved on the Golan Plateau to be met by Israeli armor and mechanized infantry brigades.’
      • ‘Thus by the 20th century it had become necessary to integrate infantry, artillery and armour, as well as air and land, air and sea, and land and sea forces.’
      • ‘He then attacked the isolated defense with infantry and armor from different axes.’
      • ‘Israeli infantry and armor rolled away from the town of Beit Hanoun and the nearby Jabaliya refugee camp shortly after daybreak, witnesses said.’
      • ‘An armor or infantry task force traditionally performs these roles with engineers attached as the reduction element.’
      • ‘No one weapon was predominant, but victory usually went to the side which best combined its infantry, armour, and artillery and enjoyed air superiority.’
      • ‘Artillery positions will have to be silenced, either by superior artillery power or by sending armour and infantry to do the work.’
  • 3The protective layer or shell of some animals and plants.

    • ‘As a result of this armor, the longnose gar has no major predators.’
    • ‘The dorsal armor may be a single plate, or may be comprised of as many as nine smaller plates.’
    • ‘Most dinoflagellates are encased in plates of armor.’
    • ‘Related agnathans with external armour occur widely from the Late Silurian to the Devonian, but they all became extinct before the start of the Carboniferous.’
    • ‘The bony plates on the armadillos' back serves as protective armour from predators.’
    • ‘The shell is considered the most highly developed protective armor of any vertebrate species.’
    • ‘Unlike the new species, these four Tertiary species have flat bases, and none has pebble armor like the new species.’
    • ‘But Main, the Harvard University biologist, said the plates would not have been very effective as armor.’
    • ‘Body protected by armour of bony plates, male carries fertilised eggs until they hatch into miniature adults.’
    • ‘The trilobite eye is in continuity with the rest of its shelly armor.’
    • ‘Lobsters, like all animals with exoskeletons, periodically shed their armor as they grow.’
    • ‘The pirarucu's sheer size and bony armor provide defenses against predators.’
    • ‘In many systems skeletal armor has been correlated with the level or type of predation pressure in the environment.’
    • ‘Notice that each of the two body sections is expanded outward, providing a protective armor which shields the legs and gills.’
    • ‘There is armour, an insect-like carapace; and there is drapery, a second, looser skin.’
    • ‘The oddly jointed pectoral fin armor is a memorable feature of the placoderms, especially Antiarchs.’
    • ‘Such hairs serve as a protective armor for plants because they secrete polyol ester chemicals that are deadly to certain insect pests.’
    • ‘The bony armor of the earliest jawless fish was dermal bone; so are shark scales, shoulder blades, and the roof of your skull.’
    carapace, outside, exterior
    View synonyms
  • 4A person's emotional, social, or other defences.

    ‘his armour of self-confidence’
    • ‘While you think wearing a suit of emotional armor is safe, it keeps people at a distance.’
    • ‘Everyone enters adulthood with a whole lot of emotional armour and they erect walls about them - suspicious and very guarded.’
    • ‘Beneath the social armour of her Galliano jacket, Gucci trousers and Manolos, her beauty is as fragile as porcelain.’
    • ‘Buy all the poetry you can find; it is the soul's beautiful armor.’
    • ‘Just occasionally she lets slip a chink in her emotional armour.’
    • ‘I wasn't so interested in Tracy herself; my main thought was what happened behind the shield of social armor.’
    • ‘His psychological armor will make him seem more self-sufficient and stronger than the people he will meet in Newfoundland.’
    • ‘There seems no stopping its growth and there appears no chink in the armour of Fred Goodwin, who was named global businessman of the year by Forbes magazine at the end of last year.’
    • ‘These tiny parasites have been burrowing under your spiritual armour for way too long now.’
    • ‘Getting hurt no longer seemed inevitable, and my emotional armor began to come off.’
    • ‘And all my armour and resources and defences have stripped away, leaving me soft and vulnerable, and gently bleeding.’

verb

[with object]
  • Provide (someone) with emotional, social, or other defences.

    ‘the knowledge armoured him against her’
    • ‘I survived only by mentally armoring myself by humming tunes and sketches from the Muppets to myself.’
    • ‘If only for the arrogance and self-belief it will armour you with.’
    • ‘We'd barely unpacked the tree when a call came through and before I could blink, they were all armouring themselves up and heading out the door.’
    • ‘We learn the art and power of no protection - a spiritual power, not an conquest won through armoring ourselves against pain, or against an enemy.’
    • ‘We've made armoring yourself for the untamed outback - or a reasonable facsimile - a much less anxious process.’
    • ‘Publishing an article a month later about all the negative stuff would just bounce off the armoured PR shell and people would just tell you to stop harping on about a subject that's already closed.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French armure, from Latin armatura, from armare ‘to arm’ (see arm).

Pronunciation

armour

/ˈɑːmə/