Definition of arithmetic in English:



Pronunciation /əˈrɪθmətɪk/
  • 1[mass noun] The branch of mathematics dealing with the properties and manipulation of numbers:

    ‘the laws of arithmetic’
    • ‘Lessons included learning arithmetic, geometry and algebra and prior to Nightingale entered nursing, she spent time tutoring children in these subjects.’
    • ‘Cardinal Algebras presents a study of algebras satisfying certain properties which capture the arithmetic of cardinal numbers.’
    • ‘His work followed that of Kronecker in the development of arithmetic in algebraic number fields.’
    • ‘He wrote several books on arithmetic, algebra, geometry and astronomy.’
    • ‘He spent the last part of his life working on his own approach to set theory, logic and arithmetic, which was published in 1914, the year after his death.’
    • ‘He claimed that mathematics was composed of four branches, namely geometry, arithmetic, astronomy and music.’
    • ‘Al-Khwarizmi continues his study of algebra in Hisab al-jabr w'al-muqabala by examining how the laws of arithmetic extend to an arithmetic for his algebraic objects.’
    • ‘The mathematics used in this field, such as conditional probabilities and Bayes' Theorem, are covered by fairly elementary arithmetic and probability theory.’
    • ‘He was also required to show the practical applications of mathematics, teach arithmetic, mechanics and the theory of music.’
    • ‘So far we've only talked about the most basic mathematics - arithmetic and an inbuilt notion of cardinal number.’
    • ‘Vedic mathematics, which simplifies arithmetic and algebraic operations, has increasingly found acceptance the world over.’
    • ‘The mathematical part of the Aryabhatiya covers arithmetic, algebra, plane trigonometry and spherical trigonometry.’
    • ‘In principle this included the four mathematical sciences: arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music.’
    • ‘In 1946 Dubreil returned to the Sorbonne and there, in 1954, he was appointed to the chair of arithmetic and number theory.’
    • ‘He wrote textbooks on arithmetic, algebra and geometry with the aim of including only theorems which could be applied to the crafts.’
    • ‘The Tentamen is built on Bolyai's belief that mathematics consists of arithmetic and geometry with arithmetic as the mathematics of time and geometry as the mathematics of space.’
    • ‘Again it is a theorem of intuitionistic arithmetic that every natural number is either prime or composite.’
    • ‘Adrain received a good education but this education did not include any mathematics beyond arithmetic.’
    • ‘Geometry is the basic mathematical science, for it includes arithmetic, and mathematical numbers are simply the signs of geometrical magnitude.’
    • ‘It is a work which covers arithmetic, algebra and mensuration.’
    arithmetical problem, problem, calculation, reckoning, tally, question
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The use of numbers in counting and calculation:
      ‘arithmetic had never been her strong point’
      • ‘If you can't do simple arithmetic, you won't invest wisely.’
      • ‘However, that arithmetic counts only the cost of the franchise, implicitly assuming a zero cost of developing the transport, etc. necessary to serve that tourist market.’
      • ‘Simple arithmetic puts the total monetary penalty at €120 when he could have put it all behind him first day for less than twenty.’
      • ‘The Stand and Deliver message, that the touch of a master could bring unmotivated students from arithmetic to calculus in a single year, was preached in schools throughout the nation.’
      • ‘Simple arithmetic demonstrates that moving from 31.5 to 42 hours is an increase in working time of 33 per cent.’
      • ‘This is probably where the $70.00 noted above is lost; however, mistakes in simple arithmetic should not be made in an estimate.’
      • ‘Simple arithmetic will reveal that an increase in the debt of the state is a bill the taxpayer has to pay.’
      • ‘The arithmetic was simple: only 15% of the population took A-levels and only 10% of these could get an A grade.’
      • ‘Simple arithmetic will dictate that clubs cannot afford to pay a ridiculously high percentage of their income on players' wages.’
      • ‘Simple arithmetic predicts that funding for pulmonary and critical care research may fall considerably below that of other clinical disciplines in European countries.’
      • ‘It is not rocket science: just simple arithmetic.’
      • ‘Problems cover the spectrum from basic arithmetic to calculus.’
      • ‘Simple arithmetic surely tells us that, other things being equal, the writer who gives the fans a couple of books a year is going to generate greater revenue.’
      • ‘All you have to do is some simple arithmetic to know the answer.’
      • ‘As you may notice from some simple arithmetic, this means that at current prices, the plane would lose money even if fully loaded.’
      • ‘No matter how poor my calculating skills are however, I do know some simple arithmetic.’
      • ‘Instead, they merely checked the arithmetic of their original count.’
      • ‘It made calculations in arithmetic so much easier, let alone the multiplication tables.’
      • ‘If U is a positive integer, we can calculate the function's value by simple arithmetic: Just multiply e by itself U times.’
      • ‘Many engineers of his age felt similar, a computer could be used to do calculus and arithmetic, but not do then daunting tasks such as communications and process control.’


Pronunciation /ˌarɪθˈmɛtɪk/
  • [attributive] Relating to arithmetic:

    ‘arithmetic calculations’
    • ‘La Roche published Larismetique in 1520 which was considered an excellent arithmetic book with good notation for powers and roots.’
    • ‘Tartaglia also wrote a popular arithmetic text and was the first Italian translator and publisher of Euclid's Elements in 1543.’
    • ‘The extent of drill work in arithmetic at his time can be gauged from a page from his first arithmetic workbook.’
    • ‘They usually base their self-assessment on their poor performance in school arithmetic tests.’
    • ‘His arithmetic setting of this result led eventually to the modern abstract theory of algebraic functions.’
    • ‘Thus, this conjecture of Artin was the origin of a wide range of activities in what is now called arithmetic geometry.’
    • ‘Among the series al-Umawi considers are arithmetic and geometric series.’
    • ‘It was an elementary arithmetic text which was soon was adopted widely.’
    • ‘Widman is best remembered for an early arithmetic book in German in 1489 which contains the first appearance of + and - signs.’
    • ‘The simplest operations we could perform on our variable are the arithmetic ones.’
    • ‘We do not get to geometrical or arithmetic objects via any process.’
    • ‘Bradwardine then claims that an arithmetic increase in velocity corresponds with a geometric increase in the original ratio of force to resistance.’
    • ‘His arithmetic books were used by many mathematicians including Leibniz and Descartes.’
    • ‘His income came mainly from his arithmetic textbooks.’
    • ‘Early in the course of his computations, Nicely also happened upon a flaw in a Pentium microprocessor that caused certain types of arithmetic errors.’
    • ‘The headmaster for some unknown reason made the whole upper school do an arithmetic paper, the same for all forms.’
    • ‘He gave this form of the numerals in his practical arithmetic book written around the beginning of the fourteenth century.’
    • ‘This procedure is the reverse of that used by an elegant method of data compression known as arithmetic coding.’
    • ‘From this point his career really took off although the arithmetic book which he published in that year was not a major factor.’
    • ‘Their test involved a simple arithmetic function called Gauss's modular arithmetic task.’


Middle English: from Old French arismetique, based on Latin arithmetica, from Greek arithmētikē (tekhnē) (art) of counting, from arithmos number.