Definition of Argand lamp in English:

Argand lamp

noun

historical
  • An oil or gas lamp fitted with a cylindrical burner which allowed air to pass both inner and outer surfaces of the flame.

    • ‘The Argand lamps in the dining room and parlor are especially interesting.’
    • ‘Lamps with a circular font produced light of the same pleasing quality as the Argand lamp and went far toward eliminating the shadow problem, but they did not resolve the issue entirely.’
    • ‘In the 1830s Argand lamps became increasingly complex, and stands for lamps were included in the show in 1831.’
    • ‘However, Argand lamps were difficult to refill, their fuel reservoir cast a shadow, and the lamp began to lose popularity about the middle of the nineteenth century, although the burner endured.’
    • ‘In Paris in 1786 Thomas Jefferson ordered silver plated Argand lamps for Monticello, his house in Charlottesville, Virginia, and in 1790 George Washington ordered them for Mount Vernon, also in Virginia.’

Origin

Late 18th century: named after Aimé Argand (1755–1803), French physicist.