Definition of Argand lamp in English:

Argand lamp

noun

historical
  • An oil or gas lamp fitted with a cylindrical burner which allowed air to pass both inner and outer surfaces of the flame.

    • ‘Lamps with a circular font produced light of the same pleasing quality as the Argand lamp and went far toward eliminating the shadow problem, but they did not resolve the issue entirely.’
    • ‘In the 1830s Argand lamps became increasingly complex, and stands for lamps were included in the show in 1831.’
    • ‘In Paris in 1786 Thomas Jefferson ordered silver plated Argand lamps for Monticello, his house in Charlottesville, Virginia, and in 1790 George Washington ordered them for Mount Vernon, also in Virginia.’
    • ‘The Argand lamps in the dining room and parlor are especially interesting.’
    • ‘However, Argand lamps were difficult to refill, their fuel reservoir cast a shadow, and the lamp began to lose popularity about the middle of the nineteenth century, although the burner endured.’

Origin

Late 18th century: named after Aimé Argand (1755–1803), French physicist.