Definition of archduke in English:

archduke

noun

  • A chief duke, in particular (formerly) the son of the Emperor of Austria.

    • ‘In April 1701 an Austrian Habsburg army invaded Lombardy, bent on conquering Milan for the archduke Charles, Leopold's second son.’
    • ‘The next year the death of the emperor Joseph brought the archduke Charles to the imperial throne.’
    • ‘Once at a cocktail do in one of the vast reception areas where archdukes had cavorted, he languidly asked me to fetch him a canapé.’
    • ‘His sudden departure from the Chapel Royal was resented by James I, who caused him to be dismissed from the archduke's chapel.’
    • ‘I have learnt the correct forms of address for archdukes and archbishops.’
    • ‘If Philippe refused this offer - if France opted for the existing partition agreement - then the entire inheritance would automatically be offered to archduke Charles, second son of emperor Leopold.’
    • ‘It may not be a money-spinner - conventional hoteliers would balk at the thought of changing the flowers or turning paying guests away on a whim - but if archdukes are sleeping in your bedrooms and Sean Connery's in the bar, who cares?’
    • ‘He was commissioned by the archduke Rudolf to carry out fieldwork in Bosnia and Hercegovina, but his publications of South Slavic folklore were severely criticised by contemporary scholars.’

Origin

Early 16th century: from Old French archeduc, from Merovingian Latin archidux, archiduc-, from archi- chief + dux, duc- (see duke).

Pronunciation:

archduke

/ˈɑːtʃdjuːk/