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[mass noun] A sugar of the pentose class which is a constituent of many plant gums.
- ‘It can appear in the urine of autistic children at very high levels, and the source is unclear but Shaw suggests it could be a product of breakdown of arabinose in the gut.’
- ‘It is composed of galactose and arabinose molecules in a 6: 1 ratio, with a small amount of glucuronic acid.’
- ‘Carbon sources were either 0.2% glucose or 0.2% arabinose.’
- ‘The cell walls of the endosperm are composed largely of mannose, with lesser amounts of glucose, galactose and arabinose.’
- ‘The pretreated fiber contains sugars, mainly arabinose and xylose and some glucose.’
Late 19th century: from arabica + -in + -ose.
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