Definition of appetitive in English:



  • Characterized by a natural desire to satisfy bodily needs.

    ‘the appetitive behaviour of animals’
    • ‘It does so by deciding the alternative expressions of appetitive and avoidance behaviors on the basis of motivational state and associative learning.’
    • ‘The difference between atypical and typical depression may lie in the degree to which chronic stress sets off the defensive alerting system versus the appetitive system.’
    • ‘In an earlier study we used Achilles tendon reflex modulation as a measure for somatic motor preparation in response to sexual appetitive stimuli.’
    • ‘The greatest good, the genuine good, is not the sum of appetitive desires.’
    • ‘And, like many appetitive behaviours, smoking is inherently pleasurable and immediately rewarding.’
    • ‘It's the difference between consummatory and appetitive behavior - to have an appetite, we must seek out food and water, not just consume it when it's placed in front of us.’
    • ‘Cardiac rate may be a relatively nonspecific indicator of appetitive or aversive arousal in animals confronted with salient valanced stimuli.’
    • ‘Specifically, ethanol may be used as an odor cue to localize fruit crops, and may function as an appetitive stimulant, facilitating greater consumption of transient nutritional resources.’
    • ‘Incentive behavior consists of appetitive and consummatory responses and generally proceeds from the appetitive phase to the consummatory phase.’
    • ‘In addition, he is generally inclined to share the classical republicans' basic understanding of both virtue and inner freedom in terms of the rational element's rule over the appetitive, passionate element.’
    • ‘In particular, because dopamine bestows an appetitive value on behavior, it will alter behavior in ways that cannot be predicted as a function of a consideration of perceptual events alone.’
    • ‘It is part of the mode of presentation characteristic of appetitive desire that the prospective action or experience one thinks of under an evaluative category should tend to dominate one's conscious experience.’
    • ‘The response is typically enhanced during aversive emotions and diminished during appetitive emotions.’
    • ‘A selective pharmacological effect on appetitive sexual behavior in female rats has not been reported previously, and indicates that central melanocortin systems are important in the regulation of female sexual desire.’
    • ‘For Socrates, the appetitive hedonist is a blissfully ignorant Sisyphus forever doomed to the cruel pleasure of scratching a persistent itch.’
    • ‘The readymade can be seen as a limit case of the aesthetic - its near reductio ad absurdum - which forces us to reflect on the relation of art to the commodity, of the aesthetic to the appetitive.’
    • ‘Didn't colonialist desire dress up its determinate lack as universal and symbolic Lack and thereby justify its appetitive objectification of ‘the colony?’’
    • ‘There are different types of interest, for example, ethical, instrumental, and appetitive.’
    • ‘The appetitive urge or craving to engage in an ultimately self-destructive behavior represents both a central feature of addiction and an important target for clinical intervention.’
    • ‘In reiteration of the second Noble Truth, Buddhism teaches that this is where the mechanism of the karmic process lies: in one's appetitive cravings and desires, one's intentional state of mind.’
    carnal, fleshly, bodily, physical, sensual
    View synonyms


Mid 16th century: from French appétitif or medieval Latin appetitivus, from appetire ‘seek after’ (see appetite).