Main definitions of apache in English

: apache1Apache2

apache1

noun

  • A violent street ruffian, originally in Paris.

    • ‘Next on the increasingly baffling agenda comes an apache dance for Bahiyah Sayyed-Gaines and Glenn A. Sims that is not merely gorgeous but also the one authentic moment in the piece.’
    • ‘Although Verastique has only played one gay character - a fierce drag queen who performs an apache dance in Victor / Victoria - he feels that Broadway is becoming more progressive in its attitudes.’
    • ‘Vintage apache depicted a tough guy throwing a woman around the stage.’
    • ‘They whirl out of the clinch, as in an apache dance.’
    • ‘Their battle is an apache dance, the black throwing the blond to the floor, the blond locking his legs around his opponent.’
    • ‘Variete de Variete is more decorated, filled with allusions to recognizable dance forms - a tango, an apache dance - with even the hint of a specific milieu.’

Origin

Early 20th century: French, from Apache, by association with the reputed ferocity of the North American Indian people.

Pronunciation

apache

/apaʃ//əˈpaʃ/

Main definitions of apache in English

: apache1Apache2

Apache2

noun

  • 1A member of a North American people living chiefly in New Mexico and Arizona. Under the leadership of Geronimo, the Apache were the last North American Indian people to be conquered by the European settlers.

    • ‘The Piper Geronimo conversion isn't totally confined to the original Apaches.’
    • ‘John Wayne plays Captain Kirby York, an experienced frontier officer who clashes with Fonda over the treatment of the Apaches.’
    • ‘We learned about the Apaches but not the Tohono O'odham; we heard a great deal about the Lakotas but nothing about the Walapais.’
    • ‘Historically recorded groups include Apaches, Comanches, Kickapoos, and Kiowas.’
    • ‘Ironically, Mowa Choctaw culture intersected with that of an even more famous group of dispossessed peoples, the Apaches.’
    • ‘Presumably the dioramas are referring to a different population, not the Apaches who shot at Rulfo's hero.’
    • ‘Scholars at one time assumed that the arrival of the Apaches and Navajos played a role in the abandonment of those ancient centers of civilization.’
    • ‘Missing from most historical accounts in Mexico and the US is how Apaches and Yoemem were forced to engage in struggles for survival.’
    • ‘The imprints of the tribes such as the Navajo, Apache, Hopi and Zuni are visible on the land of Southwest.’
    • ‘The US has hundreds of tribes of Native Americans, from the larger and familiar names of Apache, Sioux, Cherokee and Mohicans to the smaller and lesser-known Catawba, Kalispel and Quapaw.’
    • ‘When Geronimo surrendered, a small group of Apaches escaped to the Sierra Madre of northern Mexico.’
    • ‘Perched high on an escarpment above the Cibolo creek floodplain, this area was once an important hunting area for Apache and later the Comanche peoples.’
    • ‘Students turn their attention to the study of American Indian tribes, including the Hopi, Navajo, Apache and others.’
    • ‘The white men who first encountered the Apaches incorrectly looked upon the Apaches as devil worshipers.’
    • ‘The last holdouts were the Apaches of Arizona and New Mexico.’
    • ‘After a bitter internal struggle the Apaches turned down the deal.’
  • 2mass noun Any of the Athabaskan languages of the Apache, which have about 14,000 speakers altogether, though some are virtually extinct.

    • ‘Moving through the boys, Mike made quiet greetings with his relatives in Spanish, English, and Apache.’
    • ‘Tracking and awareness are the same word in Apache.’
    • ‘Regarding Apache language ability, most (95%) respondents 40 years of age and over speak Apache, compared to 41% of respondents age 39 and under; 88% of those 30 years and over speak Apache compared to 28% of those under 30.’
    • ‘I do not speak Apache fluently, but I think I have a fairly good grasp of some aspects of it.’
    • ‘He even said two Apache elders had been invited to help to translate passages of the script into Apache.’

adjective

  • Relating to the Apache or their language.

    • ‘It dates from the days when Apache Indian raids were a daily concern.’
    • ‘At one time an Army scout fluent in the Apache language, Horn has been credited with mediating the surrender of the great chief Geronimo to General Nelson A. Miles.’
    • ‘However, in 1848, he decided to temporarily abandon the mine because of attacks by Apache Indians.’
    • ‘Call me Geronimo, most famous of all Apache medicine men, but that is a name the Mexican soldiers gave to me; originally I was called Goyathlay, or, One Who Yawns.’
    • ‘Bona fide featurettes include spots on the evolution of the story of the movie, the actual filming, casting the film, the score, and a bit about the Apache language.’
    • ‘John Russell is a white man who was raised by Apache Indians, and as an adult still finds himself most comfortable living amongst the Indian community.’
    • ‘Before long their director was sending us to the Navajo and Apache reservations to share our music.’
    • ‘No consideration was given to the fact that most Apache hostilities were self-defense or retaliation, and that they'd first been raided by the New Mexicans.’
    • ‘The author also provides some great reading on cavalry life and low-intensity combat with the Navajo and Apache nations in the west between the Mexican and Civil Wars.’
    • ‘We had lunch at the Inn of the Mountain Gods, a gorgeous resort hotel owned by the Apache nation.’

Origin

From Mexican Spanish, probably from Zuni Apachu, literally ‘enemy’.

Pronunciation

Apache

/əˈpatʃi/