Definition of aorta in English:

aorta

noun

  • The main artery of the body, supplying oxygenated blood to the circulatory system. In humans it passes over the heart from the left ventricle and runs down in front of the backbone.

    • ‘The most common sites include the abdominal aorta and the arteries at the base of the brain.’
    • ‘When the left ventricle contracts, it sends blood into the largest artery, the aorta.’
    • ‘Cardiovascular infection usually occurs at the abdominal aorta or a cardiac valve.’
    • ‘What they die of is called dissection of the aorta, the artery which leaves the heart to supply blood to the rest of the body.’
    • ‘This meant that the aorta, the main artery that carries the blood away from his heart was cut.’
    • ‘He died of massive internal injuries, including the severing of his aorta - the main artery to his heart.’
    • ‘The main structures to consider in the umbilical area are the aorta and the pancreas.’
    • ‘This is delivered by the coronary arteries, which are supplied with blood from the aorta.’
    • ‘The coronary arteries open from the beginning of the aorta and take blood to all parts of the heart tissue.’
    • ‘He had ended up cutting it so close to the aorta, the main blood vessel, there was dramatic and sudden blood loss.’
    • ‘In an embryo, the aorta and the pulmonary artery are initially a single vessel.’
    • ‘At this time, the surgeon begins to develop a dissection plane between the aorta and the pulmonary artery.’
    • ‘Rabbit aortas and pig coronary arteries were used in this study.’
    • ‘Blood exits the heart from the left ventricle into the thoracic aorta, then into the abdominal aorta.’
    • ‘The pump device works by assisting the function of the left ventricle, improving blood supply to the aorta and so to the rest of the body.’
    • ‘Most aortic aneurysms occur in the abdominal aorta, the main cause being arteriosclerosis.’
    • ‘He was stabbed three times, suffering a fatal wound to the aorta, the major blood vessel from the heart.’
    • ‘The device in turn pumps the blood to the aorta, dispersing it to the rest of the body.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: from Greek aortē (used in the plural by Hippocrates for the branches of the windpipe, and by Aristotle for the great artery), from aeirein raise.

Pronunciation:

aorta

/eɪˈɔːtə/