One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
The main artery of the body, supplying oxygenated blood to the circulatory system. In humans it passes over the heart from the left ventricle and runs down in front of the backbone.
- ‘This is delivered by the coronary arteries, which are supplied with blood from the aorta.’
- ‘The most common sites include the abdominal aorta and the arteries at the base of the brain.’
- ‘Most aortic aneurysms occur in the abdominal aorta, the main cause being arteriosclerosis.’
- ‘What they die of is called dissection of the aorta, the artery which leaves the heart to supply blood to the rest of the body.’
- ‘He died of massive internal injuries, including the severing of his aorta - the main artery to his heart.’
- ‘He was stabbed three times, suffering a fatal wound to the aorta, the major blood vessel from the heart.’
- ‘In an embryo, the aorta and the pulmonary artery are initially a single vessel.’
- ‘When the left ventricle contracts, it sends blood into the largest artery, the aorta.’
- ‘The main structures to consider in the umbilical area are the aorta and the pancreas.’
- ‘Cardiovascular infection usually occurs at the abdominal aorta or a cardiac valve.’
- ‘The coronary arteries open from the beginning of the aorta and take blood to all parts of the heart tissue.’
- ‘Blood exits the heart from the left ventricle into the thoracic aorta, then into the abdominal aorta.’
- ‘He had ended up cutting it so close to the aorta, the main blood vessel, there was dramatic and sudden blood loss.’
- ‘Rabbit aortas and pig coronary arteries were used in this study.’
- ‘The pump device works by assisting the function of the left ventricle, improving blood supply to the aorta and so to the rest of the body.’
- ‘At this time, the surgeon begins to develop a dissection plane between the aorta and the pulmonary artery.’
- ‘The device in turn pumps the blood to the aorta, dispersing it to the rest of the body.’
- ‘This meant that the aorta, the main artery that carries the blood away from his heart was cut.’
Mid 16th century: from Greek aortē (used in the plural by Hippocrates for the branches of the windpipe, and by Aristotle for the great artery), from aeirein ‘raise’.
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