Definition of antonomasia in English:

antonomasia

noun

  • 1Linguistics
    The substitution of an epithet or title for a proper name (e.g. the Maid of Orleans for Joan of Arc).

    • ‘A fine example of antonomasia is the name given a polygamist by his four wives in different towns: 'Seldom Seen Smith'.’
    • ‘Baseball, which has a penchant for antonomasia, has dubbed players the "Sultan of Swat" (Babe Ruth), "The Georgia Peach" (Ty Cobb), and the "Iron Horse" (Lou Gehrig).’
    • ‘Darryl James, editor of RapSheet, presents Eminem with this antonomasia: ‘the Elvis of Rap’.’
    • ‘Antonomasia is, then, a kind of theft, but one that reveals the thievery involved in the original act of naming.’
    • ‘One was antonomasia, the usually derisive practice of describing an individual by a certain characteristic, then making it into a proper noun.’
  • 2The use of a proper name to express a general idea (e.g. a Scrooge for a miser).

    • ‘He blithely absolves this libel as an example of "antonomasia".’
    • ‘The antonomasia can also work the other way, with a proper name as a description - referring to a soldier as a Rambo, for instance, or calling an obsequious black man Uncle Tom.’
    • ‘Here we deal with a case of antonomasia of the first type.’
    • ‘Another type of antonomasia we meet when a common noun is still clearly perceived as a proper name.’
    • ‘Most of the sources I've looked at restrict the term to use of a name as a generic, eg. calling someone a "Romeo" or a "Scrooge," though I have dim recollections of seeing in print "antonomasia" being used to describe the use of "coke" as "soft drink" or "levis" as "denim pants."’

Origin

Mid 16th century: via Latin from Greek, from antonomazein name instead, from anti- against, instead + onoma a name.

Pronunciation:

antonomasia

/ˌantənəˈmeɪzɪə/