Definition of Antonian in English:


(also Anthonian)


  • Christian Church. A member of any of various religious communities associated with St Anthony the Great (251–356), Egyptian hermit and ascetic, often considered as the father of monasticism; especially a member of any of a number of monastic orders of the Eastern Catholic Church following the precepts of St Anthony. Compare "Antonine". Usually in plural.


  • 1Of, relating to, or associated with the Roman emperor Caracalla (188–217). Somewhat rare.

  • 2Of, relating to, or associated with the Roman triumvir Mark Antony (83–30 b.c.).

  • 3Of or relating to St Anthony the Great; of or designating any of the religious communities associated with him.

  • 4Of, relating to, or associated with St Anthony of Padua (1195–1231), Franciscan friar and Doctor of the Church.


Mid 16th century; earliest use found in Thomas Langley (d. 1581), Church of England clergyman and translator. Partly (i) from post-classical Latin Antoniani (plural noun) followers of St Anthony the Great (251–356);.