Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
A toxin or other foreign substance which induces an immune response in the body, especially the production of antibodies.
- ‘When the synthetic peptide was used as the antigen, a monoclonal antibody was obtained.’
- ‘All the conjugated peptides were injected together in white rabbits as antigens for antibody production.’
- ‘Once antibodies have been produced for a particular antigen they tend to remain in the body.’
- ‘These cells have the potential to present tumour-specific antigens and thereby induce an immune response.’
- ‘As a result, the patient's immune system would produce antibodies to attack the foreign antigens.’
- ‘Early risk may suggest a mechanism involving an aberrant immune response to cereal antigens in an immature gut.’
- ‘We varied the surface density of antigens such that we could study the detachment of either single or multiple bonds.’
- ‘A healthy body develops antibodies, which hopefully resist the antigens, by binding on them.’
- ‘Immunohistochemistry utilizes antibodies to visualize antigens in sections of tissue under the microscope.’
- ‘The immune system of a human can differentiate more than one million different foreign proteins, or antigens.’
- ‘As described above, it allows antigenic variation in its antigens to evade the host immune system.’
- ‘However, the specificity of antibodies for antigens has a bearing on one of the issues in this case, and it is for that reason that I mention it.’
- ‘Antibodies against these five antigens were tested in the sera of all workers and controls.’
- ‘Antibodies are gamma globulins produced by B lymphocytes when antigens enter the body.’
- ‘Alternate methods of diagnosing pneumococcal disease are based on the detection of bacterial antigens in body fluids.’
- ‘The protein acts like an antigen, prompting the immune cells to attack.’
- ‘But Jordi found ways, using antigens and antibodies, to figure it out.’
- ‘Finally, the target antigens of the locally produced antibodies have not been fully identified.’
- ‘This is a complicated process involving antigens and antibodies.’
- ‘Previous transfusions may sensitize patients to foreign platelet antigens.’
Early 20th century: via German from French antigène (see anti-, -gen).
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.