Definition of antibiotic in English:

antibiotic

noun

  • A medicine (such as penicillin or its derivatives) that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms:

    ‘course of antibiotics’
    [mass noun] ‘an injection of antibiotic’
    • ‘Parents who believe in antibiotics are more likely than other parents to take their children to a doctor.’
    • ‘You may also need to have painkillers, antibiotics, and fluids through a drip.’
    • ‘One of the most pressing worries is the use of antibiotics to accelerate growth and combat disease.’
    • ‘Completing just a five day course of antibiotics or antimalarial drugs is a rare achievement here.’
    • ‘The lesion had not responded to self prescribed topical antibiotics and antiseptics.’
    • ‘All general practitioners believed that antibiotics are beneficial to some patients.’
    • ‘Parents may then choose treatments with fewer side effects than antibiotics.’
    • ‘A lot are used because in low doses antibiotics promote rapid meat growth, and hence more profit.’
    • ‘Further research would identify those patients most likely to benefit from antibiotics.’
    • ‘Most types of pneumonia can usually be treated effectively with antibiotics.’
    • ‘He was discharged home two days after surgery, with a course of antibiotics for three days.’
    • ‘You will almost certainly be given antibiotics to take after the operation.’
    • ‘If anything, older people did worse after immediate treatment with antibiotics.’
    • ‘Unlike most types of chlamydia, treatment entails taking antibiotics for up to three weeks.’
    • ‘The aim is to stop the rise in antibiotic resistant bugs caused by overuse of antibiotics.’
    • ‘If this happens, a course of antibiotics can be prescribed and this will usually clear it up quickly.’
    • ‘If you have a bacterial infection, your GP may prescribe a short course of antibiotics.’
    • ‘A longer course of treatment may be needed if the bacteria are resistant to one or more of the antibiotics.’
    • ‘In contrast just four of 147 control women had been given antibiotics during labour.’
    • ‘You may be given painkillers, antibiotics and mouthwash solutions to take home.’

adjective

  • Relating to antibiotics:

    ‘a prolonged course of antibiotic therapy’
    • ‘First, there is a similarly small risk of adverse effects associated with antibiotic use.’
    • ‘Steroid and acetic acid or steroid and antibiotic ear drops are equally effective.’
    • ‘In addition, no antibiotic therapy was administered, as this was a lethal model.’
    • ‘The medical centre argues that restricting antibiotic use because of the dangers of growing resistance may not always be correct.’
    • ‘It is likely that without ongoing antibiotic suppression, reinfection will occur.’
    • ‘She had had no previous episodes or prophylactic antibiotic treatment.’
    • ‘Few pharmaceutical companies are now involved in antibiotic development, however.’
    • ‘The antibiotics that save one person's life may lead to antibiotic resistance that will harm others.’
    • ‘Rates of appropriate antibiotic treatment with combination therapy and monotherapy were similar when reported.’
    • ‘We propose that this represents a mechanism of selection through antibiotic pressure.’
    • ‘Infective conjunctivitis caused by bacteria is usually treated with antibiotic drops or ointment, in the affected eye.’
    • ‘Help fight antibiotic resistance by taking simple steps to prevent the spread of infections.’
    • ‘If patients fulfill the above criteria, antibiotic therapy should be considered.’
    • ‘The key measure for preventing antibiotic associated diarrhoea, however, is to limit antibiotic use.’
    • ‘The patient was treated with oral antibiotic therapy without diminution of the mass.’
    • ‘Taking less of an antibiotic when you need it will not help prevent antibiotic resistance.’
    • ‘The effect of early antibiotic therapy on this form of infection is unknown.’
    • ‘That's a sign to see the doctor for a prescription for antibiotic ear drops that will take care of most cases.’
    • ‘This high prevalence justifies empirical antibiotic treatment.’
    • ‘Whether patients at lower risk for infection benefit from antibiotic therapy is less clear.’

Origin

Mid 19th century (in the sense ‘doubting the possibility of life in a particular environment’): from anti- + Greek biōtikos fit for life (from bios life).

Pronunciation:

antibiotic

/ˌantɪbʌɪˈɒtɪk/