Definition of anthropoid in English:



  • 1Resembling a human being in form:

    ‘anthropoid gods’
    • ‘This fairly sturdy oversized paperback is printed in blue, with uninspiring cartoons of a cross-eyed kid in a beanie and his anthropoid dog.’
    • ‘The stage is dominated throughout by huge anthropoid figures, I should think over 30 feet tall.’
    • ‘Archaeologists and site-workers anxiously probed into the sand and uncover three magnificently carved unidentified wooden anthropoid sarcophagi dating back to the 26th Dynasty.’
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    1. 1.1Zoology Relating to the group of higher primates, which includes monkeys, apes, and humans.
      • ‘Again, the capuchin monkey cannot be unequivocally assigned to either the typical anthropoid or nonprimate pattern.’
      • ‘His overview is especially effective, as it clearly presents several hypotheses of anthropoid origins.’
      • ‘I personally believe that with nimble fingers and fine eyes, humans seem particularly adapted - like our anthropoid counterparts - to the task of picking insects from leafs and branches.’
      • ‘But now we have much more complete material - upper and lower jaws - that gives us a better idea of what Biretia is and how it fits into the broader picture of early anthropoid evolution.’
      • ‘But fundamental questions remain to be answered about anthropoid origins in Asia and Africa.’
    2. 1.2Zoology (of an ape) belonging to the groups that include the great apes and gibbons.
      • ‘They are heavy-bodied, thick-necked anthropoid apes, native to the swampy coastal forests of Sumatra and Borneo.’
      • ‘However, in the anthropoid primates, which include the monkeys and apes, eliminating sexual motivation does not eliminate the capacity for sexual arousal and mating.’
      • ‘In 1917, he conducted experiments on anthropoid apes on the Island of Tenerife.’
      • ‘This usually occurs in gibbons and occasionally in other anthropoid apes.’
      • ‘‘That resulted in the anthropoid primates - which we are one of - which had better vision all around, compared to the earlier primates that only had to deal with constricting snakes,’ Isbell said.’


  • A higher primate, especially an ape or apeman.

    • ‘Primates, particularly anthropoids, are noted for their considerable cerebral complexity.’
    • ‘However, if present day anthropoids are any indication, early primates were quick to take advantage of these new arboreal plant foods.’
    • ‘The ancient teeth and jawbones of the tiny, monkeylike creatures shed new light on the poorly understood evolution of early anthropoids, a suborder of primates that includes apes, monkeys, and humans.’
    • ‘‘I am convinced that Southeast Asia played a most critical role in the evolution of anthropoids and hominoids, much more important than what is commonly believed,’ he said.’
    • ‘In fact, anthropoids are matched only by raptors for their sharp vision.’


Mid 19th century: from Greek anthrōpoeidēs, from anthrōpos human being + -oid.