Definition of anterior in English:

anterior

adjective

  • 1technical Nearer the front, especially in the front of the body, or nearer to the head or forepart.

    ‘the veins anterior to the heart’
    The opposite of posterior
    • ‘The aortic arch is anterior to the trachea, and the descending aorta is on the right side.’
    • ‘The anterior cruciate ligament joins the back of the inside of the thighbone to the outside front of the shinbone.’
    • ‘Operative findings revealed a mass within the left broad ligament, predominantly anterior to the uterus and crossing the midline.’
    • ‘A second separate irregular sacculated pouch was located anterior to the first in the septum and anterior left ventricular wall.’
    • ‘Physical examination revealed a golf-ball-sized lesion fixed to the hyoid bone in the anterior midline of the neck.’
    forepart, fore, foremost part, anterior, forefront, nose, head
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    1. 1.1Botany
      (of a part of a flower or leaf) situated further away from the main stem.
      • ‘Usually the lateral stamens emerge first, then the anterior stamen.’
      • ‘One anterior petal is missing as well as a posterior stamen.’
    2. 1.2Phonetics
      Pronounced with an obstruction located in front of the palato-alveolar region of the mouth, e.g. b, p, d, t.
      • ‘Over time the tension in the pronunciation of the consonant was relieved by beginning to pronounce it further and further forward in the mouth, anticipating the high anterior pronunciation of the vowel.’
  • 2formal Coming before in time; earlier.

    ‘an incident anterior to her troubles’
    • ‘Since documentary is defined by the viewer's attribution of relevance to the anterior event, the deployment of the zoom and the viewer's reception of it is a very precarious situation.’
    • ‘It is not contemplated that these prior, anterior selves and actions may be in fact constituted by, or be the effects of, the signs and codes that supposedly reflect them.’
    • ‘In some anterior time, the burial mound had been desecrated, its jeweled contents taken away.’
    before, until, till, up to, previous to, earlier than, preceding, leading up to, in advance of, ahead of, ante-, pre-
    earlier, previous, preceding, foregoing, antecedent, advance, preparatory, preliminary, initial
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Origin

Mid 16th century: from French antérieur or Latin anterior, comparative of ante before.

Pronunciation:

anterior

/anˈtɪərɪə/