Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary.‘he turned to confront his antagonist’
adversary, opponent, enemy, foe, nemesis, rival, competitor, contenderView synonyms
- ‘About 4 000 French and 1 200 West African peacekeepers are patrolling the no man's land between the antagonists.’
- ‘Thus, when the culture wars began in the late 1960s, the antagonists of a traditional curriculum were pushing against an open door.’
- ‘But, as fate would have it, Darcy was called home early, and the two old antagonists once more confronted each other.’
- ‘Strikingly, however, mainstream political antagonists, and even some radical dissenters, embraced clashing versions of the egalitarian tradition.’
- ‘It also means that copyright gives no one the exclusive right to tell stories about archaeologists in search of artifacts hidden in snake-infested caves while simultaneously confronting dangerous human antagonists.’
- ‘As ultimate commander of the military, he must now move decisively and evenhandedly to disarm the antagonists.’
- ‘Most of these countries, of course, are traditional adversaries or antagonists.’
- ‘Where established governments proscribe popular vengeance in favor of legal prosecution, these revolutions liberated armed antagonists from judicial constraints.’
- ‘It is critical that even as we unveil the motivation of opponents and antagonists, we are careful not to inadvertently help them in their effort to disrupt our work.’
- ‘And more significantly, political and technical help has to be given in abundance for peaceful negotiations with the antagonists.’
- ‘They wander off on their own, they blow up a poacher's shack for no apparent reason, and they attempt to confront their wily antagonists head on.’
- ‘It's hard to have a really menacing antagonist when the antagonist isn't ever really sure what it is he's trying to accomplish.’
- ‘The stakes of nuclear war engage not just the survival of the antagonists, but the fate of mankind.’
- ‘In addition, Taoists sometimes saw in Buddhism an antagonist and competitor rather than a colleague.’
- ‘When he'd regained equilibrium, he whirled around to confront his antagonist.’
- ‘Meanwhile, their antagonists, soldiers, are ordinary people on ordinary pay, fighting - a thing that isn't attractive or tidy.’
- ‘I don't know what I expected to hear or learn but I know what I did not expect was that it be turned into a party political broadcast on behalf of the main antagonists in the upcoming general election.’
- ‘So the long and twisting battle begins, with numerous front-lawn confrontations between the two antagonists.’
- ‘After breaking through my emotional blocks, I was ready to confront the antagonists in my life who contributed to my problem.’
- ‘Protagonists generally have needs, desires, goals, aversions and fears, and their efforts to achieve their goals are generally complicated or thwarted by an antagonist, who may be hostile to the protagonist.’
A substance which interferes with or inhibits the physiological action of another.‘LSD is a serotonin antagonist’Compare with agonist
- ‘Leukotriene inhibitors and leukotriene-receptor antagonists are effective in the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as asthma.’
- ‘Progress has been made in the development of new anti-emetic drugs, particularly the serotonin antagonists which are potent inhibitors of chemotherapy-induced vomiting.’
- ‘The serotonin antagonists are effective and have few side effects.’
- ‘It is also an effective antagonist or inhibitor of cortisol, a stress hormone that maintains the integrity of the circulatory system.’
- ‘The use of selective serotonin antagonists for early-onset alcohol dependence also has been investigated, with positive results.’
A muscle whose action counteracts that of another specified muscle.Compare with agonist
- ‘The group moving the body part is called the agonist with the opposing group called the antagonist.’
- ‘This can be studied by transposing the innervation of a muscle to its antagonist, or by transposing one of its tendons to the opposite side of a joint, such that the mechanical action of the muscle is reversed.’
- ‘Optimal functioning of the stabilizing muscles depends not only on the force production of these muscles in relation to synergists, antagonists, and prime movers of a joint, but also on the correct timing of muscle activation.’
- ‘Moving through a complete range of motion will strengthen the agonist and stretch the antagonist muscle.’
- ‘The anterior tibialis muscle was chosen because of its function as an antagonist to the peroneal muscles.’
Late 16th century: from French antagoniste or late Latin antagonista, from Greek antagōnistēs, from antagōnizesthai ‘struggle against’ (see antagonize).
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.