Definition of annual in English:



  • 1Occurring once every year.

    ‘the sponsored walk became an annual event’
    ‘an annual report’
    • ‘Presently colleges do not hold their annual athletic meets, once a regular feature of their extracurricular activities.’
    • ‘What the annual report does not say, however, is that the uncertainty over what constitutes a First Nation has drastic legal implications.’
    • ‘This will take the form of a direct annual €1,000 payment for each child until they reach school-going age.’
    • ‘A tradition grew up around this annual event whereby once the cake was cut and the goodies all eaten it was time for ghost stories.’
    • ‘The race has been an annual event since 1988 and once released from the bridge, the ducks float downstream to the finish line by Bradford swimming pool.’
    • ‘She did a series of Reith Lectures, the annual six-part lecture series for the BBC on trust.’
    • ‘The Japan-South Korea business conference is an annual event taking place alternately in each country.’
    • ‘The Progressive Law Students Network hopes to make the conference an annual event.’
    • ‘The annual conference of any political party is a highly controlled event, an exhibition of party unity and leadership authority.’
    • ‘It has failed to publish its annual report since its constitution in 1997.’
    • ‘The German business magazine Capital has just published its annual list of the country's best employers.’
    • ‘The conference is the premier annual event in cardiology on the medical education calendar in the region.’
    • ‘Now we need to look at the bigger picture - how an annual marketing plan is put together and implemented.’
    • ‘Unless you're in the habit of booking your annual holiday a day in advance there's no excuse for not having enough time!’
    • ‘This eagerly anticipated annual event once again drew the crowds and this time there was the added attraction of an extra race on the town centre circuit.’
    • ‘They would pay their annual or monthly premiums directly to Tribune.’
    • ‘He hopes that this tournament can become an annual event, perhaps even once every term.’
    • ‘At Rentokil's annual director conference the event has traditionally ended with a formal dinner.’
    • ‘Once again it was an ideal day for this great annual event, which raises a lot of money for charitable and voluntary organisations around the county.’
    • ‘And that profit growth looks set to continue, after Serco published its annual results this morning.’
    yearly, once-a-year, every twelve months
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Calculated over or covering a period of a year.
      ‘an annual rate of increase’
      ‘his basic annual income’
      • ‘This legislation confirms the annual income tax rates for the 2003-04 year.’
      • ‘The shire currently collects an annual $15 service charge for bush fire brigades.’
      • ‘On one end the shorter repayment period is the higher annual debt service and thus lower accumulated interest payments.’
      • ‘Between April and June of 2003 national income grew at an annual rate of 2.4 percent, the fastest in nearly a year.’
      • ‘I will now turn to annual rates of income tax, because this is, I suppose, the issue that hurts us most.’
      • ‘The members of Athy Town Council have agreed on an increase in the annual commercial rate of 6.5%.’
      • ‘After 2000, the expenditure continued to increase at an annual rate of 12.5 percent.’
      • ‘Younger consultants were more likely to value an increase in annual income compared with older consultants.’
      • ‘In the second quarter, new corporate bond issues increased by an annual rate of $207 billion.’
      • ‘The annual income tax rates to be confirmed will be the same as the rates that applied for the 2002-03 income year.’
      • ‘The loan is repayable over 14 years with a four-year grace period and fixed annual interest of 1.49 per cent.’
      • ‘The more likely outcome is of a continuing gentle decline in the annual rate of increase.’
      • ‘The annual rate of increase in women has averaged 4.8 percent for the past decade compared to an average of 3.1 percent for men.’
      • ‘Apple's calculated annual run rate of 130 million songs a year equates to $43.9m of revenue per annum.’
      • ‘Under the new laws the band would have been required to pay full tax rates on annual incomes of more than €250,000.’
      • ‘Not unremarkable is the increase in agricultural production, which has increased at the annual rate of 3.9 percent.’
      • ‘Teresa Hunter examines how banks are bamboozling their customers with the very complex methods of calculating annual percentage rates’
      • ‘This increase represents and average annual growth rate of 1.91 percent.’
      • ‘Although the U.S. has a disease burden half of that of India, it has an annual increase rate of six per cent which was alarming.’
      • ‘The group now sees the annual rate of increase falling further to 8%.’
      year-long, lasting a year, twelve-month
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 (of a plant) living only for a year or less, perpetuating itself by seed.
      ‘annual weeds’
      Compare with biennial, perennial
      • ‘Most gardeners begin their foray into container gardening with baskets and boxes of colorful annual flowers.’
      • ‘Chloroacetanilide herbicides are widely used for the control of annual grasses and broad-leaf weeds in a variety of major crops such as maize and soybeans.’
      • ‘Typically, colorful annual flowers dominate these gardens because they are such enthusiastic bloomers.’
      • ‘Since they die at the end of each growing season, annual weeds may be successfully controlled by cultivation or mowing.’
      • ‘If they are still not wilted when it's time to plant my annual flowers, I just plant the annuals in between the bulbs.’
      • ‘I can state for a fact that my neighbour will come out of hibernation to plant his annual crop of potatoes on Good Friday.’
      • ‘Blue mustard is a winter annual weed, with seed germinating in late summer and fall.’
      • ‘Basil is an annual herb with a spicy, clove like fragrance and flavor.’
      • ‘Create privacy screens by planting fast-growing annual vines up trellises around your patio.’
      • ‘This is not the year to plant ornamentals and annual flowers.’
      • ‘Any porch, fence, arbor, large trellis, or pergola is enhanced by an annual vine.’
      • ‘Several herbicides can help control winter annual grasses and weeds in alfalfa.’
      • ‘When hand watering, get into the habit of dead heading your annual flowers and weeding the garden with your spare hand.’
      • ‘Spring tillage can stimulate the germination of annual weed seeds.’
      • ‘You could also use dried sunflower stalks to make a trellis for annual vines.’
      • ‘There's a slight scattering of annual weed seedlings there already as an indication that the soil's ready.’
      • ‘You've probably seen annual flowers planted in all sorts of odd containers, from discarded tires to old boots!’
      • ‘Perennial and annual flower gardens also look and function best with fine-textured mulch like composted yard waste.’
      • ‘The plant is an erect annual herb with the height ranging from 0.5 metres to 3.5 metres tall.’
      • ‘Starting an annual flower garden from seed is one of the greatest joys of spring gardening.’


  • 1A book or magazine that is published once a year under the same title but with different contents.

    ‘a Christmas annual’
    ‘trade journals, annuals, and directories’
    • ‘Popular children's books included annuals, yearly bound books of stories, such as the Rupert Annuals or Chums Annuals.’
    • ‘One lot is a collection of children's annuals, including first editions of Enid Blyton books and an 1870 copy of John Bunyan's Choice Works.’
    • ‘Timeform publishes such annuals as Racehorses and Chasers and Hurdlers, along with its weekly Black Book.’
    • ‘Whitaker's Almanac is the oldest continually published annual in Britain.’
    • ‘Once upon a time the Christmas was a time for annuals like the Dandy, the Beano, and Beezer and Topper.’
    • ‘His comic annual was selling half a million copies a year and he was the subject of a whole range of merchandising material.’
    • ‘The Children's Book Shelf stocks nothing but children's books, old annuals and comics.’
    • ‘He now has a huge collection of Dr Who memorabilia, including annuals and autographs, and is building a second Dalek to add to another he bought for £800.’
    • ‘The GirlFrenzy Millenial is a special compilation of articles and art-work from the zine, published in the style of the girls annuals we all know so well!’
    • ‘The Doll's House is furnished like a bright children's nursery, with colourful walls and shelves brimming with old annuals, teddies and spinning tops.’
    • ‘At the time, Bill was writing a yearly annual called the Player Ratings Book.’
    • ‘By the early 19th century it had become a popular pastime for young ladies and was enthusiastically recommended by annuals and other periodicals.’
    • ‘He says: ‘My mum still has the evidence of published photo-shoots and the annuals I did.’’
    • ‘The Beano alone each week moves about 135,000 copies, and every Christmas both annuals are bestsellers.’
    • ‘I think we are the oldest continuously published sporting annual in the world (the first Wisden appeared in 1864).’
    • ‘From there, he became an expert at drawing John Wayne, but extended his range to all kinds of Wild West stars, with Wagon Train annuals and other Western books covers.’
  • 2An annual plant.

    ‘sow annuals in spring’
    • ‘Genome size differences among annuals are likewise not related to summer or winter annuality.’
    • ‘Growing annuals from seed offers the chance to grow something different every year and the gardeners at Greenbank seize the opportunity wholeheartedly.’
    • ‘At ground level it's best to provide spot colour in small gardens, either by the use of annuals or perhaps using bulbs at the front of beds and borders.’
    • ‘Once the primulas and violas go over, a few annuals will be stuffed in wherever they can fit to give colour over the summer.’
    • ‘l Collect the seed from perennials and annuals by tying a paper bag over the flower head, then cut the stem off the plant.’
    • ‘Soon Pooter had bought a book, planted annuals and ‘discovered a beautiful spot for growing mustard and cress and radishes’.’
    • ‘Fall is a good time to plant cool-season annuals and vegetables, herbs, perennials and trees, too.’
    • ‘If you're brave enough to plant perennials and annuals now, give them extra attention until roots take a strong hold.’
    • ‘These annuals love heat and aren't particularly demanding, but they are prone to powdery mildew, especially late in the season.’
    • ‘Before I planted these choice annuals, I dug big holes and amended the soil with plenty of manure.’
    • ‘Once they get established, many of Jensen's annuals self-sow, carrying on the bloom show with little help from her.’
    • ‘Both are annuals, but once they are established in your garden they are eager reseeders.’
    • ‘You must also leave room in front or behind the bulbs for annuals that you will plant when the daffodils are no longer blooming.’
    • ‘We tested for differences in male cyathia production between annuals and perennials.’
    • ‘The Italian garden wore a grand look with several varieties of colourful annuals.’
    • ‘You can camouflage the bulb foliage by carefully planting summer annuals around the bulbs once all danger of frost is past.’
    • ‘Except for the sweet potato, which may return in spring, all of these plants are annuals.’
    • ‘Avoid fertilizing the annuals planted in the same bed until the bulbs have died back.’
    • ‘These annuals are beautiful foliage plants becoming fashionable again.’
    • ‘Her favourite perennials are lilies which put on a show of colour before the annuals get into full swing.’


Late Middle English: from Old French annuel, from late Latin annualis, based on Latin annus ‘year’.