Definition of Anglo-Saxon in English:

Anglo-Saxon

adjective

  • 1Relating to or denoting the Germanic inhabitants of England from their arrival in the 5th century up to the Norman Conquest.

    • ‘To judge from the surviving manuscripts, these texts found a large audience in Anglo-Saxon England during the tenth and eleventh centuries.’
    • ‘The Anglo-Saxon community in England was basically a rural one, where primarily all classes of society lived on the land.’
    • ‘The last Anglo-Saxon king of England lay dead on a battlefield near Hastings, an arrow through his eye.’
    • ‘It was quite common in Anglo-Saxon England for one church to act as a minster for a town community, handling all funerals and gathering all the dead into its graveyard.’
    • ‘In 10th Century Anglo-Saxon England, this dynamic had been complicated by a highly chequered history.’
    • ‘When the rival Norman and Anglo-Saxon boroughs amalgamated into a single administration, we cannot say.’
    • ‘Yeavering is perhaps not the best-known Anglo-Saxon site in England - that title surely goes to Sutton Hoo.’
    • ‘Since it was largely responsible for the same forms of revenue and expenditure that had existed before 1066, it is hard to believe that some rather simpler sort of system of accounting had not existed in Anglo-Saxon England.’
    • ‘The Anglo-Saxon settlement of England was no overnight affair.’
    • ‘By 1275 there were ten surviving Anglo-Saxon nunneries in England and Wales, together with 118 founded after the conquest.’
    • ‘In Anglo-Saxon times Wessex was a large kingdom of the West Saxons covering the present counties of Dorset, Wiltshire, Hampshire, and Berkshire.’
    • ‘As with the Germani, so throughout Anglo-Saxon history, the strongest social bonds were the claims of kinship and the claims of lordship.’
    • ‘In theory all freemen of Anglo-Saxon England were under an obligation to serve in the fyrd when called upon.’
    • ‘Unlike The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England, this volume covers the entire medieval period and is edited by American scholars.’
    • ‘Neither in the twelfth century nor in Anglo-Saxon times did society consist only of barons and peasants.’
    • ‘He was in northern Italy when he met the Anglo-Saxon scholar, Alcuin.’
    • ‘Central authority in England was established by Anglo-Saxon monarchs in the tenth century and consolidated by the Normans after 1066.’
    • ‘In England, it developed during the Middle Ages from the Anglo-Saxon fyrd.’
    • ‘C. sativa was cultivated in England during the Anglo-Saxon age to make both rope and medicine.’
    • ‘The Welsh continued to fight Norman and Anglo-Saxon control in the first part of the twelfth century.’
    1. 1.1 Of English descent.
      • ‘For the most part they were men of white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant background who felt themselves to be guardians of true Americanism.’
      • ‘Also, a huge number of people around the world whose native language is English do not have predominantly Anglo-Saxon ancestry.’
      • ‘Look at your identity subjectively, being Australian does not mean you are Anglo-Saxon or we should place the stigma that Australians means English.’
      • ‘A new study reported by Nature suggests my English ancestry is less Anglo-Saxon, that is to say less English, than is generally suspected.’
      • ‘After all, only so-called mainstream American authors counted, and almost all of them were of Anglo-Saxon descent.’
      • ‘These were divided between English (of Anglo-Saxon and Danish stock) and Norman-French.’
      • ‘Secondly, the Anglo-Saxon background and common English language remain of profound importance to the relationship.’
      • ‘Over half of the camp's thirty-nine staff members are White Anglo-Saxon from upper-middle-class, suburban backgrounds.’
      • ‘What makes Jo Jones think that 80 per cent of our fellow citizens of ‘European descent’ are Anglo-Saxon?’
      • ‘Alternatively, we can kick out all these immigrants, starting with those who claim Anglo-Saxon descent!’
    2. 1.2 Of, in, or relating to the Old English language.
      • ‘The two-man chorus is lent an alliterative, Anglo-Saxon form reminiscent of Heaney's Beowulf.’
      • ‘The name Frome comes from the Anglo-Saxon word 'frum', meaning rapid, vigorous.’
      • ‘The Scots word 'laird' is a shortened form of 'laverd', an older Scots word deriving from an Anglo-Saxon term meaning lord.’
      • ‘A particular feature of much Anglo-Saxon verse is the use of 'kennings'.’
      • ‘Oddly enough, I memorized the Anglo-Saxon rune alphabet in high school with a friend of mine so we could pass notes in geometry class.’
      • ‘The vast majority of all Anglo-Saxon name variants are included.’
      • ‘It's a good Anglo-Saxon word.’
      • ‘Thus, as the Normans became English-speaking they apparently found it easier to adopt Norman-French substitutes for disused Anglo-Saxon words.’
      • ‘The runes also show a path of progression from the Elder Futhark, to the Anglo-Saxon runes with some influence from Ogham, to English.’
      • ‘The word is probably also a merging with the Anglo Saxon'mæg' which means 'kinswoman' or 'woman.'’
      • ‘Again, though, not an Anglo-Saxon word.’
      • ‘The word "Lent" actually derives from the Anglo-Saxon word lencten, meaning "spring."’
      • ‘It occurs, as saetherie, in an Anglo-Saxon medical text of about AD 1000.’
    3. 1.3informal (of an English word or expression) plain, in particular vulgar.
      ‘using a lot of good old Anglo-Saxon expletives’
      • ‘I have words to describe these people, good old Anglo-Saxon epithets in the main, and none of them polite.’
      • ‘French Connection cannot own every derivative or anagram of an Anglo-Saxon swear word.’
      • ‘It was a steady stream of expressions drawing heavily on contemporary Anglo-Saxon terms, punctuated by the odd religious saying, dotted with some new words I had picked up from a documentary on LA gang wars.’
      • ‘There have been a few raised eyebrows in recent days about the use, by the third in line to the throne, of one particular Anglo-Saxon expression.’
      • ‘It is also used to label vernacular English, especially when considered plain, monosyllabic, crude, and vulgar: Anglo-Saxon words.’
      • ‘Superchef Gordon Ramsay has been at it again, enthralling the nation with his unique combination of assured expertise and utter command of Anglo-Saxon expletives.’
      • ‘Spelled out in simple Anglo-Saxon words ‘Patriotism’ reads ‘Women and children first!’’
      • ‘Nowadays, of course, it has become a synonym for another Anglo-Saxon monosyllable, and packs even less of a charge than the two that describe other, more basic bodily functions.’
      understandable, comprehensible, intelligible, easy to understand, plain, direct, uncomplicated, explicit, lucid, perspicuous, coherent, logical, distinct, simple, straightforward, clearly expressed, unambiguous, clear-cut, crystal clear, accessible, user-friendly
      View synonyms

noun

  • 1A Germanic inhabitant of England between the 5th century and the Norman Conquest.

    • ‘Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Danes, Vikings and Normans invaded Britain repeatedly between 50 BC and AD 1050.’
    • ‘The inhabitants were pushed back by the Anglo-Saxons during the seventh and eighth centuries, though Cornwall held out until the 810s.’
    • ‘We're descended from Anglo-Saxons, Celts, Normans and Vikings.’
    • ‘Although the Romano-British Church survived and the Anglo-Saxons would have had contact with indigenous Christians, the Church initially existed only on the fringes of English settlement, as paganism remained strong.’
    • ‘At any rate, the movement towards the unification of Anglo-Saxon England made it more difficult for Anglo-Saxons themselves to enslave their fellow countrymen, even if they did come from another tribe.’
    • ‘After 410, we were told, the Celts of Britain and Ireland - having become Christian - represented the forces of Western civilization against the incoming pagan Anglo-Saxons.’
    • ‘In the early chapters they are generally victims of invaders such as the Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Vikings and Normans.’
    • ‘Iron was a very important commodity to the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings, and those people who were lucky enough to be skilled in working it were held in high regard.’
    • ‘Occasionally, craft techniques can still be found being practiced in various parts of the world that parallel much older crafts that Vikings or Anglo-Saxons themselves practiced.’
    • ‘The Vikings' problem is that it was the Anglo-Saxons who wrote the histories.’
    • ‘The English, who are a synthesis of Celts, Anglo-Saxons, Vikings and Norman French, provided the seed for this distinct culture.’
    • ‘Some political and inheritance systems, therefore, such as those of the Anglo-Saxons, the Irish, and the Visigoths, apparently gave far less prominence to the role of the queen than did those of the Franks or the Greeks.’
    • ‘After the departure of the Romans in about 420, there were many wars in England involving Scots, Picts, Britons and Saxons, Anglo-Saxons and Danes, and, in 1066, the Norman conquest.’
    • ‘Most notable amongst these were the counties or shires which the Normans inherited from the Anglo-Saxons.’
    • ‘The Anglo-Saxons of Suffolk at least had some idea of what Africans looked like.’
    • ‘All sorts of people in Britain have blended together over the centuries - Celts, Anglo-Saxons, Romans, east Europeans, French, Germans, Italians, Jews, Africans and many others.’
    • ‘Timber was the most important resource for the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings.’
    • ‘The Aryans were supposedly the ancestors of the Greeks, Persians, Indians, Scandinavians, Anglo-Saxons & Germans.’
    • ‘After iron, bronze was probably the commonest metal used by the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings.’
    • ‘For Besant, ‘the Anglo-Saxon of the ninth century was in essentials very much like his descendant of the present day.’’
    1. 1.1 A person of English descent.
      • ‘For the Anglo-Saxons, the Germans, and the Slavs do not possess, and will never possess, what the Latins, with the French at their head, have given and will continue to give to the civilized world.’
      • ‘To what category such terms were juxtaposed was also unclear: was it the English, the Anglo-Saxons, the British?’
      • ‘Hitler made a deliberate distinction between his plans for the Russians, and his intentions towards the Anglo-Saxons.’
      • ‘The women of nineteenth-century Germany have been strikingly absent in almost any kind of historical work on this period whether written by Germans or Anglo-Saxons.’
    2. 1.2North American Any white, English-speaking person.
      • ‘He looked a fairly typical Anglo-Saxon - so why was he speaking to me in Old Norse?’
      • ‘What level does she calculate the immigrant population must exceed before the racist problem kicks in for her, a white woman among what she imagines to be fellow Anglo-Saxons?’
      • ‘This may have something to do with the fact that bigger is more acceptable in African-American culture than among the mighty white uptight Anglo-Saxons.’
      • ‘There's the fiery passion of the Latins, the cold implied fetishism of the Eastern European, and the faith-based frigidity of white Anglo-Saxons.’
  • 2mass noun The Old English language.

    • ‘They speak in Anglo-Saxon, a dialect which marks their low class.’
    • ‘Here was a formidable antiquarian and linguist, fluent in classical and romance languages, as well as Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Aramaic, Anglo-Saxon, and a half dozen others.’
    • ‘We are cut off from these illuminated texts by our lack of Latin, Greek, Anglo-Saxon and Norman French.’
    • ‘Modern English has two parents, Norman French and Anglo-Saxon.’
    • ‘Both words passed from Anglo-Saxon into English.’
    • ‘In the following, italics are used for words in Swedish, while bold text indicates Old English, or Anglo-Saxon.’
    • ‘This is precisely ten times as many as the number of Celtic loan-words in Anglo-Saxon.’
    • ‘It was called the ‘welsh’ onion: nothing to do with Wales, but from an old word, welise in Anglo-Saxon, Welsch in German, meaning ‘foreign’.’
    • ‘Is this what I studied Celt, Anglo-Saxon and Norse at Oxford for?’
    • ‘The origin of ‘niggard’ is harder to pin down, but the best guesses trace it to Scandinavian origins, with cognates in Anglo-Saxon.’
    • ‘He exhibited a gift for languages, studying Latin, Greek, Italian, German, and Anglo-Saxon, while also pursuing interests in law, medicine, and music.’
    • ‘The common tongue was by then very different from Old English or Anglo-Saxon.’
    • ‘Well firstly I think I'm right in saying that at the time when he went to Oxford, the first two terms of an English course was spent reading Virgil's Aeneid in Latin, and Beowulf in Anglo-Saxon.’
    • ‘We do not go back and study French to study the roots of the English language; we go back and study Old English and Anglo-Saxon - or, at least, we used to in the time that I was at university.’
    • ‘Said Narayan in a paper at the Leeds seminar in 1964: ‘We are not attempting to write Anglo-Saxon.’’
    • ‘One of the best tax specialists I know, for example, took a degree in Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic before acquiring his taxation knowledge.’
    • ‘Tolkien was a philologist specializing in the history of the English language, and Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford University.’
    • ‘The dialects of Northumberland have their foundations firmly rooted in Old English Anglo-Saxon, with huge influences from Scandanavia.’
    • ‘But she was able finally to move in with her brother in London and acquired knowledge of at least eight languages, one of them Anglo-Saxon, for which she prepared and published a Grammar.’
    • ‘These were written in Anglo-Saxon, the spoken tongue, rather than Latin which was the language of the church.’
    • ‘Old English or Anglo-Saxon is the origin of lapwing, from hléapan, to leap - ‘with reference to manner of flight’, says the COD.’
    1. 2.1informal Plain English, in particular vulgar slang.
      • ‘‘Merde,’ I declared, only in basic Anglo-Saxon.’
      • ‘At first glance that hardly seems likely, given that Romanov has to speak through an interpreter - and how do you translate Lithuanian into basic Anglo-Saxon?’
      • ‘I fear that the switch from ‘carry’ to ‘convey’ is simply the inveterate lawyer's habit of switching from Anglo-Saxon to Latinate, but otherwise, no.’
      • ‘In Gaelic, apparently, one word serves for both - but unfortunately this war of words has been conducted in English, albeit with some ripe Anglo-Saxon thrown in.’
      • ‘Note the pedigree beasts understand very loud Anglo-Saxon.’

Origin

From modern Latin Anglo-Saxones (plural), medieval Latin Angli Saxones.

Pronunciation

Anglo-Saxon

/aŋɡləʊˈsaks(ə)n/