Definition of anchorism in English:

anchorism

noun

rare
  • [mass noun] The state of living as a religious recluse:

    ‘as he longed for anchorism he went to Scetis, following a Cherub’
    • ‘He lived very frugally in a small thatched cottage at Ickford in the greatest obscurity and anchorism.’
    • ‘There are few men for whom pure anchorism is safe.’
    • ‘Anchorism was slightly more popular among women than men in the twelfth century.’
    • ‘They introduce no monachism or anchorism; they eat and drink and are apparelled like other men, and use those recreations that other men do.’
    • ‘Antony had, in his mid-life, made a decision in favor of anchorism against the monastic and political involvement’
    austerity, self-denial, abstinence, abstemiousness, non-indulgence, self-discipline, frugality, simplicity, rigour, strictness, severity
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 16th century: from Old English anchor ‘recluse, hermit’ (from medieval Latin anchorita anchorite) + -ism.

Pronunciation:

anchorism

/ˈaŋkərɪz(ə)m/