Definition of anatomy in English:



  • 1mass noun The branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts.

    ‘he studied physiology and anatomy’
    ‘human anatomy’
    • ‘He is the only person to hold three professorships simultaneously at Wits University - anatomy, human biology and palaeoanthropology.’
    • ‘From my understanding of human anatomy and physiology and my understanding of God, I say that the form of God's creation always matches its function.’
    • ‘His work covered four main themes: painting, architecture, the elements of mechanics, and human anatomy.’
    • ‘It's called ‘Close to the Bone’ and claims to provide a blend of cooking, surgery, and lessons in human anatomy.’
    • ‘Since the sixteenth century, human anatomy had been one of the most venerated medical sciences of the early modern period.’
    • ‘Korean students of traditional medicine are taught courses such as biology, anatomy, physiology, and pathology by the same faculty as the students of Western medicine.’
    • ‘To prepare her for this role, Perry and her classmates covered two semesters worth of coursework in human anatomy and physiology.’
    • ‘Nearly all early anthropologists received at least some medical training in human anatomy.’
    • ‘Some of his special interests included human anatomy, where he made medical discoveries that were only recently understood, within the last 50 years.’
    • ‘The conference was chaired by Dr Peter Dangerfield, a lecturer in human anatomy at Liverpool University’
    • ‘The Gunther von Hagens of the renaissance: Vesalius's public dissections turned anatomy into a stage production’
    • ‘But then, there is no better way than dissection to learn animal anatomy and as such, one has to put up with it, right?’
    • ‘He visited the zoo in Berlin several times and from 1907 to 1910 earned a good part of his living by teaching animal anatomy to artists.’
    • ‘The rough portrayal of both human anatomy and the landscape indicates not the artist's incompetence but rather the intention to fashion the images in the way the book was to be enjoyed.’
    • ‘Like all League tutors, McDaid is trained in anatomy, physiology, science of movement, personal performance and choreography.’
    • ‘He also left extensive studies of human anatomy based on dissection of animals and anatomical writings of others.’
    • ‘Take, for example, the sad case of Michael Servetus, who had worked with the father of anatomy, Andreas Vesalius, as a prosector in Paris.’
    • ‘No study in the history of physics, chemistry, biology or human anatomy and physiology has determined the concept of chi to be an accurate description of how the body works.’
    • ‘The basic human sciences involved are anatomy, physiology, and psychology.’
    • ‘The book is primarily designed for students of forensic anthropology and presumes a background in human anatomy and osteology.’
    1. 1.1count noun The bodily structure of an organism.
      ‘descriptions of the cat's anatomy and behaviour’
      • ‘The meat-happy book's unintentional humor peaks with diagrams of different animals' anatomies.’
      • ‘It is because this book has something important to say to ‘normates’ about their own lives, as well as about the lives of conjoined twins, that it stands a real chance of changing how we think about those with atypical anatomies.’
      • ‘But buyers who expected to see a dramatic difference in their anatomies were sorely disappointed.’
      • ‘He provided the groundwork for the session by reviewing the cranial and spinal anatomy and nerve structure and the neurological assessment.’
      • ‘The following famous anatomists identified and described pancreatic anatomy and physiology.’
      • ‘But the overriding theme served to elucidate his orientation to engineering principles based on human and animal anatomy.’
      • ‘Although there are obvious differences between humans and animals in terms of anatomy and diet, the pathophysiological and clinical parallels may be greater than previously thought.’
      • ‘Farm animals are valuable models for normal human anatomy and physiology and for many disease states.’
      • ‘The anatomy of different oaks has implications for barrel making.’
      • ‘Many orthopedic conditions, just like dimples or cleft chins, are just normal variations of human anatomy that don't require treatment.’
      • ‘Natural Born Heroes also reveals how the anatomy of the human face is unique in the animal kingdom and can show an extraordinary range of emotions.’
      • ‘The Louvre has sent a tiny St George that shows how dodgy was his early grasp of animal and human anatomy.’
      • ‘Henry, and the rest of the scientific world, was eager to learn the effects of a suborbital flight on a monkey, whose anatomy resembles that of humans.’
      • ‘But we've got some concerns that those programs, because they use artificial conditions, may result in animals with sub optimal behaviours and physiologies and anatomies and so on that may actually not help the survival.’
      • ‘But it has led scientists to believe that some animals with very different anatomies are related - for instance, the kangaroo and the platypus, and the hippo and whale.’
      • ‘Not that I'm not very familiar with a hedgehog's anatomy but it's what I imagine the back third of a hedgehog would be like.’
      • ‘And even though you pretend to be rough and tough, nobody likes to see themselves referred to as nether parts of human or animal anatomy.’
      • ‘Magnetic resonance imaging is an imaging technique that provides superior tissue visualization of human anatomy.’
      • ‘I'm more concerned with the fact that human and duck anatomy is so gosh darn similar.’
      • ‘Mice and humans share much anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, and pharmacology, but there are some major differences.’
      structure, make-up, composition, constitution
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    2. 1.2informal count noun A person's body.
      ‘every part of his anatomy hurt’
      ‘people should never be reduced to their anatomies’
      • ‘I hate to state the obvious, but ‘curves’ can apply to various parts of the anatomy, not just the chest.’
      • ‘While there was plenty of enjoyment on the trip there was also plenty of hardship and tales of aching legs and other parts of the anatomy.’
      • ‘As a result, I decided to redefine certain parts of the anatomy based on their various functions they provide.’
      • ‘Blood, guts, gore, young men in the prime of life having vital parts of their anatomies blown off: it was the grimmest slab of celluloid I have ever paid money to see.’
      • ‘Instead of his head, Jack has a different part of his anatomy patched up with vinegar and brown paper.’
      • ‘‘Secrets my foot,’ growled Old Tom, although he mentioned a different part of the anatomy.’
      • ‘This suggests that a milkshake is a process, and not a bus, or indeed a part of the anatomy.’
      • ‘Speaking about aches in southern regions of the anatomy, what about Becks's female counterpart, the tennis impostor Anna Kournikova?’
      • ‘What other part of the anatomy can I show that is going to top that?’
      • ‘To paraphrase Tommy's robust phraseology, O'Neill will kick certain parts of the anatomy.’
      • ‘I wondered if the kite's head-stick gets its name from the part of the anatomy it ends up embedded in as it comes crashing back to earth.’
      • ‘Pains in other parts of the anatomy also come to mind whenever I think about him.’
      • ‘We then moved on to a series of movements, including touching toes, heels, knees or any other part of the anatomy you could reach, as we bounced.’
      • ‘Jonathan came over, and taking her hand, lightly touched his lips to that gloved part of the anatomy.’
      • ‘These pumped-up strongmen show off the peaks and valleys of their anatomies, exaggerated by both their extreme physical condition and the intense lighting that reflected off their oiled-up, leathery hides.’
      • ‘The word also means that rude gesture with the fist clenched and lower arm raised mimicking another part of the anatomy.’
      • ‘Do parts of the anatomy grow and shape-shift in the night as you sleep?’
      • ‘Hedera blanched and scrambled to her feet, far more alert than her parents, who were rubbing whatever parts of their anatomies had been injured in the tip of the boat.’
      body, shape, figure, silhouette, proportions, stature, build, frame, physique
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  • 2A study of the structure or internal workings of something.

    ‘a detailed anatomy of a society and its institutions’
    • ‘In the period since Tony Blair took office in May 1997, anatomies of Britain have been tumbling from the presses in dizzying profusion.’
    • ‘As Greig put it: ‘The play's roots were not in the bloodbaths of post-modern cinema, but in the Shakespearean anatomies of reduced men: Lear on the heath and Timon in his cave.’’
    • ‘Although several books have been produced recently on sectional anatomy, none appear to be intended as detailed, comprehensive anatomies.’
    • ‘Whatever the motive, federal misfeasance is getting the blame in many media anatomies of the catastrophe.’
    • ‘He has picked up the latest version of the anatomy of GAA positions, but I have only room left to deal with the first line of defence this week.’
    • ‘While this book effectively illustrates the history of terrorism, it is less successful in its claim to offer an anatomy of the phenomenon, although it does try hard.’
    • ‘For much of Bénabou's writing can be read as an anatomy of reading; and looming at the center thereof is the search for the ideal Reader.’
    • ‘The process of desire is manifested in movement form, and becomes a rhythm ‘like an anatomy of the ebb and flow of wanting.’’
    • ‘These two cases, in the context of the changing face of Detroit, present an anatomy of the white-ifying of hip-hop.’
    • ‘Whether it's blunt trauma wounds, the path of a bullet or the anatomy of a fight, we see it all.’
    • ‘The most convenient or tractable mathematical solutions were used for anatomies or different classes of structures.’
    • ‘In his letter yesterday, Mr Espinal, described a lengthy anatomy of his service collapse, and took readers through the layers of technical foul-ups.’
    • ‘A detailed anatomy of misordered situations shows that deviations from the true order in such cases are due mainly to interchanges of adjacent markers.’
    • ‘Hello and welcome to the anatomy of democracy, the perils of democracy and the truth about democracy.’
    • ‘Films about films are no great novelty in the DVD age, but Lost in La Mancha is a rarity: an anatomy of a film that never was.’
    • ‘This is not an anatomy of his murder, nor the autopsy of a black man lynched by three young white males, but more an evocation of how this event fits in to a landscape and climate as much mental as physical.’
    • ‘Neill refuses to wonder but instead conducts an anatomy of the anecdote's historical conditions through the opening.’
    • ‘On their own, these arguments contribute to the anatomy of urban tribes begun in the first section of the book.’
    • ‘Webster employs this episode in a final analysis of the anatomy of contemporary New Zealand anthropology and Maori studies.’
    • ‘The real value in his account, however, is in its detailed anatomy of failed institutional leadership.’
    analysis, examination, inspection, survey, study, scrutiny, perusal
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Late Middle English: from Old French anatomie or late Latin anatomia, from Greek, from ana- ‘up’ + tomia ‘cutting’ (from temnein ‘to cut’).