One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1The action or practice of reasoning by analogy; an instance of this. Compare "analogy". Now rare.
2Mathematics. Mathematical proportion; a proportional. Now historical and rare.
3Medicine. Diagnosis or treatment of one disease by analogy with another. Now historical.
Mid 17th century; earliest use found in Walter Charleton (1620–1707), physician and natural philosopher. From post-classical Latin analogismus and its etymon ancient Greek ἀναλογισμός proportionate calculation + -ισμός.
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