Definition of anaesthetic in English:

anaesthetic

(US anesthetic)

noun

  • 1A substance that induces insensitivity to pain.

    • ‘On top of that, there are even more prods for blood tests, anesthetics when they need stitches, and other medical necessities.’
    • ‘The actual procedure causes little or no discomfort and can usually be done with only mild sedation and a local anesthetic.’
    • ‘In a previous study we have shown that local anesthesia can be used as the standard anesthetic for outpatient knee arthroscopy.’
    • ‘Another procedure relied on a card that had no local anesthetics listed.’
    • ‘Contact dermatitis in the ear canal can result from almost any local irritant, including topical anti-infective agents and anesthetics and other topical preparations.’
    • ‘For a nerve block, a doctor injects a local anesthetic - a medication that blocks nerve signals - around a nerve.’
    • ‘Avoid prescribing topical anesthetics as they retard healing and may lead to corneal epithelial breakdown.’
    • ‘The patients are usually stable after 24 to 48 hours at which point they are taken off the muscle relaxants and anesthetics.’
    • ‘In group III, biopsies were taken one minute after the injection of the local anesthetic.’
    • ‘Appropriate position can be checked by aspirating through the needle used for instilling the local anesthetic.’
    • ‘There was little difference in maternal safety between inhalational anaesthetics used for general anaesthesia.’
    • ‘The epidural anesthetic blocked pain messages and appeared to also prevent remodeling of pain neurons.’
    • ‘The authors concluded that topical anesthetics in spray formulations are preferred for endoscopy due to safety, ease of application, and similarity of products.’
    • ‘These will usually contain corticosteroids to reduce inflammation or an anaesthetic to relieve pain or antibiotics.’
    • ‘Supplements that have the potential to cause major complications in perioperative patients are those that prolong bleeding and those that increase sedative effects of anesthetics and analgesics.’
    • ‘We're getting very close to medical anaesthetics like halothane, though.’
    • ‘Residual effects of anesthetics and sedatives are the most common reason for persistent somnolence.’
    • ‘You will be given anesthetics before the procedure.’
    • ‘Athletes should never use topical anesthetics so they can keep playing.’
    • ‘The anesthesiologist administered the epidural anesthetic, rotated off call, and left the hospital.’
    narcotic, soporific, stupefacient, painkiller, sedative, anodyne, analgesic, opiate
    general, local
    View synonyms
  • 2anaesthetics[treated as singular] The study or practice of anaesthesia:

    ‘he trained as a medical technical officer, working in anaesthetics’
    • ‘There is a non-compliance rate of 45% in paediatrics, with surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, medicine, and anaesthetics following close behind.’
    • ‘Other virtual reality applications are being used in mental health, anaesthetics, and emergency medicine.’
    • ‘Consultants in anaesthetics, radiology, and pathology were less likely to receive awards.’
    • ‘Frank started out in general practice but developed a greater interest in anaesthetics.’
    • ‘At the same time, I started a job in anaesthetics where I was breathing in fluoridated gases on a daily basis.’
    • ‘They had medical degrees and diplomas in anaesthetics, and the view was that in order to raise standards for the public of New Zealand, they would have to be phased out.’
    • ‘Compared with consultants in general medicine consultants working in anaesthetics, obstetrics and gynaecology, oral medicine, and emergency medicine have stronger preferences for an increase in income.’
    • ‘Incidents have been investigated in obstetrics, anaesthetics, accident and emergency, orthopaedics, general medicine, and psychiatry.’
    • ‘Anaesthetists are clinical officers who have trained in anaesthetics for 15 months after a three year foundation health course.’
    • ‘A senior associate specialist or consultant in anaesthetics provided general anaesthesia.’
    • ‘Known as ‘God’, he specialised in lumbar anaesthetics and removing the appendix through a small incision.’
    • ‘The biggest improvements were seen in medical specialties and anaesthetics.’
    • ‘Those who work in paediatrics, anaesthetics and surgery work an average of 84 or 85 hours.’
    • ‘The payment would be shared between specialty areas such as obstetrics and anaesthetics.’
    • ‘Without the advances in anaesthetics, brawny assistants would still be holding patients down while surgeons attacked with scalpels and saws and the patient lay there screaming.’
    • ‘Among the services which board management are proposing to hit are radiology, anaesthetics, foster care and services for those with autism, addiction problems and disabilities.’
    • ‘This generated what is called a ‘trauma call’ - the relevant hospital specialists from orthopaedics, surgery and anaesthetics were called to the department to await the arrival of the ambulance.’
    • ‘There were, he said, difficulties in recruitment across a wide range of specialties, particularly surgery and anaesthetics.’
    • ‘Later he relinquished his practice work and concentrated on anaesthetics, finally retiring in 1974.’
    • ‘Most unfilled posts were in general medicine and surgery, but there were also large numbers in anaesthetics, pathology, and psychiatry.’

adjective

  • Inducing or relating to insensitivity to pain:

    ‘anaesthetic drugs and gases’
    • ‘We investigated mortality in a population of trauma patients who were intubated before reaching hospital without anaesthetic drugs being used.’
    • ‘Typically, there is no problem with the dentist, but do your best to avoid systemic anesthetic gas.’
    • ‘The gas used for anaesthetic purposes is a mixture of 80 per cent nitrous oxide and 20 per cent oxygen.’
    • ‘Doctors treated Jeanne with a combination of anesthetic and antiviral drugs to protect her brain and nervous system from the effects of the disease.’
    • ‘However, the invasiveness of open incisional or excisional biopsy carries the risk of surgical and anesthetic complications.’
    • ‘One area of concern is the interaction of herbal products with anesthetic agents.’
    • ‘The anesthesia care provider induced Billy under general anesthesia via mask and appropriate anesthetic gases.’
    • ‘The resident medical registrar assessed a number of our patients after anaesthetic assessment, and they subsequently underwent surgery.’
    • ‘These include normal doses of anaesthetic agents, overdoses of sedative drugs or alcohol, and a generalized epileptic seizure.’
    • ‘Nowadays, general anaesthesia is seldom administered via a mask and anaesthetic gas or vapour.’
    • ‘He was appalled and immediately decreed that all patients receiving such therapy should have proper anaesthetic cover.’
    • ‘The risks associated with chronic exposure to volatile anesthetic gases have not been established.’
    • ‘Topical anesthesia is administered by instilling anesthetic drops into the eye.’
    • ‘If possible, regional anesthesia is preferred because anesthetic gases are drying and cause a decrease in tear production.’
    • ‘Freezing of the needle in its sterile package reduces the pain of anesthetic injection.’
    • ‘However, in contrast, patients were more likely to receive sedatives and local anesthetic agents if they had no pain before the procedure.’
    • ‘It is also possible to induce anaesthesia with anaesthetic gases, breathed through a mask.’
    • ‘Review of medical records identified evidence of an adverse reaction during previous anesthetic procedures in five participants.’
    • ‘After relieving his pain with a quick nap induced by inhaled anesthetic gas, treatment with heat, fluids and antibiotics could be commenced.’
    • ‘Combined with that, we give a combination of a valium-type drug and an intravenous anaesthetic agent to sedate you during the process.’
    narcotic, numbing, deadening, dulling, soporific, stupefacient, painkilling, sedative, analgesic, anodyne, opiate
    View synonyms

Origin

Mid 19th century: from Greek anaisthētos insensible, related to anaisthēsia (see anaesthesia), + -ic.

Pronunciation:

anaesthetic

/ˌanɪsˈθɛtɪk/