Definition of amyloid in English:



  • 1[mass noun] A starch-like protein which is deposited in the liver, kidneys, spleen, or other tissues in certain diseases.

    • ‘Hiapp belongs to the group of amyloidogenic proteins, characterized by their aggregation and deposition as fibrillar amyloid in various body tissues.’
    • ‘Amyloidosis occurs when the protein amyloid is deposited in the kidneys under conditions other than ordinary.’
    • ‘The three types of fibrils chosen for investigation represent extremes of precursor proteins that self-assemble into amyloid.’
    • ‘This case is unique because of the massive deposition of amyloid in the spleen, adrenal gland, and liver.’
    • ‘These plaques are formed when enzymes clip off and part of a protein called amyloid.’
    1. 1.1
      ‘a bewildering illness eventually diagnosed as amyloid of the kidneys’
      another term for amyloidosis
      • ‘Among four cases with primary pulmonary lymphoma, amyloid was observed in three cases as a minor finding.’
      • ‘Bronchiolar diseases and amyloid and malignant lymphoma were seen less frequently.’
      • ‘The first and more predominant structure was a mesh of filaments measuring 10 to 15 nm in diameter, which is typical of amyloid.’