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1rare That causes alteration or change. Now rare.
Medicine = alterative. Now historical.
Generally. Anything which causes an alteration or change of state in something.
Early 17th century; earliest use found in Francis Bacon (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher. From post-classical Latin alterant-, alterans, present participle of alterare alter. In use as noun in sense B. 1 after French altérant alterative medicine, use as noun of altérant alterative, use as adjective of present participle of altérer. In use as noun in sense B. 2 after post-classical Latin alterant-, alterans, use as noun of present participle of alterare.
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The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.