Definition of allograph in English:

allograph

noun

Linguistics
  • 1Each of two or more alternative forms of a letter of an alphabet or other grapheme, for example the capital, lower case, italic, and various handwritten forms of a letter.

    • ‘This paper presents an original method for creating allograph models and recognizing them within cursive handwriting.’
    • ‘Often only some of the codes of an allograph to be recognized correspond to a sequence of codes from the dictionary, and the allograph is not recognized with certainty.’
    • ‘In Old English, the characters we call eth and thorn are not graphemically distinct: they are allographs which vary freely.’
    • ‘Sign names and values with modifiers and/or allographs following them should not be be treated as compounds.’
    • ‘Yet there is another level of meaning that changes with each allograph, an esthetic meaning that we cannot avoid.’
    1. 1.1Phonetics Each of two or more letters or letter combinations representing a single phoneme in different words. Allographs of the phoneme /f/ include the (f) of ‘fake’ and the (ph) of ‘phase’.
      • ‘In addition, because a letter may appear in allographs which encode respectively different phonemes, the user is taught alternative sounds that the selected letter may represent.’

Origin

1950s: from allo- ‘other, different’ + grapheme.

Pronunciation

allograph

/ˈaləɡrɑːf/