Definition of algarroba in English:



  • 1The carob tree, Ceratonia siliqua, native chiefly to the Mediterranean area and North Africa; (also) the multi-seeded pod of this tree, used (especially formerly) as animal fodder.

  • 2Any of several resinous shrubs and trees of the leguminous genus Prosopis (subfamily Mimosoideae), native to Central and South America; especially P. juliflora (formerly P. dulcis); compare "mesquite". Occasionally also applied to other neotropical leguminous trees having similar pods or other characteristics.


Late 17th century; earliest use found in Lancelot Addison (1632–1703), dean of Lichfield. From Spanish algarroba carob bean, fruit of mesquite and related American plants from Arabic al-ḵarrūba from al the + ḵarrūba.